Abaqus download crack

10.09.2021 3 Comments

abaqus download crack

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An Abaqus plug-in to simulate fatigue crack growth

Abstract

Fatigue crack propagation is an important consideration in evaluating the design life of engineering components, especially in the energy and transport industries. Despite its importance, fatigue analyses are not usually supported by commercial Finite Element (FE) codes; in fact, most FE codes require the addition of costly plug-ins to perform fatigue crack growth simulations. Therefore, this paper introduces a new, freely distributed plug-in to simulate fatigue crack growth with the commercial FE code Abaqus. The plug-in includes five different fatigue crack growth models and relies on the extended FE method to simulate crack propagation. The plug-in is limited to 2D analyses, but covers all necessary steps for fatigue crack growth simulations, from creating the geometry to job submission and post-processing. The implementation of the plug-in is validated by comparing its predictions to analytical and experimental results. Finally, we hope that the simplicity of the plug-in and the fact that it is distributed freely will make it a useful simulation tool for industrial, research and educational purposes.

Abbreviations

Crack length (mm)

Crack growth incremental length (mm)

Material constant

Fitting constants

Paris law empirical coefficients

NASGRO empirical coefficients

Forman law empirical coefficients

Walker law empirical coefficients

Crack growth rate in length/cycle

Young’s modulus (\(\mathrm{GPa}\))

Contour integral

Energy release rate

Interaction energy integral

J-integral

Mode-I and mode-II stress intensity factors (\(\mathrm{MPa}\sqrt{\mathrm{m}}\))

Fracture toughness (\(\mathrm{MPa}\sqrt{\mathrm{m}}\))

Mode-I fracture toughness (\(\mathrm{MPa}\sqrt{\mathrm{m}}\))

Critical value of SIF (\(\mathrm{MPa}\sqrt{\mathrm{m}}\))

SIF for the maximum and minimum loads in the cycle (\(\mathrm{MPa}\sqrt{\mathrm{m}}\))

SIF range (\(\mathrm{MPa}\sqrt{\mathrm{m}}\))

Equivalent \(\Delta K\) for mixed-mode loading condition (\(\mathrm{MPa}\sqrt{\mathrm{m}}\))

Threshold \(\Delta K\) (\(\mathrm{MPa}\sqrt{\mathrm{m}}\))

Walker \(\Delta K\) (\(\mathrm{MPa}\sqrt{\mathrm{m}}\))

Material constant

Number of cycles

Number abaqus download crack cycles at each iteration

Applied load (\(\mathrm{N}\))

Maximum applied load (\(\mathrm{N}\))

Material constants

Stress ratio

Point distance from crack-tip point

Maximum and minimum stresses (\(\mathrm{MPa}\))

Yield strength (\(\mathrm{MPa}\))

Stress and strain tensors

Thickness (mm)

Reference thickness related to the state of plane strain

Crack front kinking angle (\(\mathrm{deg}\))

Width of the specimen (mm)

Strain energy density

Compact tension

Center-cracked specimen in tension

Disk-shaped CT specimen

Fatigue crack growth

Finite element

FE method

Linear elastic fracture mechanics

Stress intensity factor

Single-edge bending specimen

Single-edge notched specimen

Single-edge notched under tension

Extended FEM

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Author information

Affiliations

  1. Department of Mechanical and Production Engineering, Aarhus University, 8000, Aarhus C, Denmark

    Mohammad Malekan

  2. Department of Mechanical Engineering, Aalto University, Espoo, Finland

    Ali Khosravi & Luc St-Pierre

Corresponding author

Correspondence to Mohammad Malekan.

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Malekan, M., Khosravi, A. & St-Pierre, L. An Abaqus plug-in to simulate fatigue crack growth. Engineering with Computers (2021). https://doi.org/10.1007/s00366-021-01321-x

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Keywords

  • Fatigue crack growth
  • Abaqus plug-in
  • Python scripting
  • Finite element method
  • Life estimation
Источник: https://link.springer.com/article/10.1007/s00366-021-01321-x