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18.10.2021 1 Comments

Forte Notation FORTE 11 Free Activate

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Forte Notation FORTE 11 Free Activate -

2021 Kia Forte LXS for Sale in San Antonio

Are you in the market for a reliable compact that looks great and fuel-efficient? Check out the 2021 Kia Forte LXS for sale near me!

2021 Kia Forte LXS for Sale Near Me

The 2021 Kia Forte LXS San Antonio can get up to 29 city/40 highway/ and 33 combined MPG.

2021 Kia Forte LXS San Antonio

Do you have some bigger items you need to transport? The 60/40 split-folding rear seat in the 2021 Kia Forte LXS in San Antonio can fold down to give you more room!

Safety - 2021 Kia Forte LXS in San Antonio

The 2021 Kia Forte LXS San Antonio comes standard with dual front advanced airbags, dual front seat-mounted side airbags, and full-length side curtain airbags for the safety of the driver and passengers. Other safety features include 3-point seat belts, Vehicle Stability Management, and Traction Control System.

Other safety features in the 2021 Kia Forte LXS in San Antonio include a Tire-Pressure Monitoring System, Rear Child-Safety Door Locks, and Hill Start Assist Control. Drive with peace of mind in the 2021 Kia Forte LXS for sale in San Antonio.

Standard Features - 2021 Kia Forte LXS for Sale in San Antonio

Some standard features you can expect from the 2021 Kia Forte LXS for sale in San Antonio include Independent MacPherson Strut Front Suspension, Twin Tube Shock Absorbers, and Electric Power Steering (EPS). You will also love convenient features like Auto-on/off Headlights, the 3.5-inch Thin-Film Transistor (TFT) LCD Screen, 8-inch Touch Screen Color Display, Support for Android Auto™ & Apple CarPlay® Smartphone Integration, Bluetooth® Wireless Technology, Auxiliary Jack, USB Input, and Air Conditioning.

Do you need more reasons to love the 2021 Kia Forte LXS for sale near me? There are plenty of other convenient features you are sure to love like Power Door Locks with a Two-turn Entry System, Remote Keyless Entry with Trunk Opener, Steering-wheel-mounted Audio & Cruise Controls, Tilt & Telescoping Steering Column, and a Sunglasses Holder.

Trim Breakdown - 2021 Kia Forte LXS for Sale Near Me

The 2021 Kia Forte FE comes with a 2.0L 4-cylinder engine with 147 horsepower, an 8-inch touchscreen display with Rear View Camera, Auto Emergency Braking Technology, Lane Departure Warning (LDW), Android Auto™ and Apple CarPlay® compatibility, and available Intelligent Variable Automatic Transmission (IVT) with an EPA-estimated 31 city/41 highway/35 combined MPG.

The 2021 Kia Forte LXS features an Intelligent Variable Automatic Transmission, Drive Mode Select (DMS), 16-inch Machine-Finished Alloy Wheels, 60/40 split-folding rear seat, auto headlight control, and black gloss bumper accents.

The 2021 Kia Forte GT-Line has great features like a GT-Line Sport Grille and side sills, gloss black rear spoiler, power sunroof, 17-inch graphite finish alloy wheels, blind-spot collision warning, front fog lights, Sport Seats with SOFINO artificial leather and cloth seat trim with white stitching, GT-Line leather-wrapped flat-bottom sport steering wheel, smart key with push Botton start, and LED rear tail lights.

The 2021 Kia Forte EX boasts 17-inch granite finish alloy wheels, Harman Kardon® premium audio system, UVO link with Touchscreen navigation, wireless phone charger, leather-wrapped steering wheel, SOFINO artificial leather seat trim, and heated and ventilated front seats.

The 2021 Kia Forte GT is loaded with fantastic features like the 1.6L 4-cylinder turbocharged engine with 201 horsepower, 7-speed quick shift DCT automatic transmission with paddle shifters, 18-inch GT tow-tone alloy wheels, sport-tuned suspension and dual exhaust, LED headlights, sport seats with SOFINO artificial leather and cloth seat trim with red stitching, and GT leather-wrapped flat-bottom sport steering wheel.

The 2021 Kia Forte GT-Manual is packed with features you are sure to love like a 6-speed manual transmission, power sunroof, Blind-Spot Collision Warning (BCW), Rear Cross-Traffic Alert (RCCA), Rear Parking Sensors, Harman Kardon® Premium Audio System, and a convenient Wireless Phone Charger.

Top Features - 2021 Kia Forte LXS San Antonio

Cabin Size: The spacious cabin has an intuitive layout, with everything where you need it. There’s also ample rear legroom and headroom, as well as generous cargo space.

6-Way Power-Adjustable Driver’s Seat: The 6-way adjustable driver's seat allows you to customize your ideal seating position for maximum comfort.

60/40 Split Seating: Available split-folding rear seat helps you pack in longer cargo items, and still leave room for up to two rear-seat passengers.

Variable Intermittent Windshield Wipers: Front intermittent windshield wipers are convenient on rainy days.

3.5-inch Thin Film Transistor (TFT) LCD Meter Display: The 3.5-inch Meter Display provides essential driving information with enhanced readability.

Day/Night Interior Rearview Mirror: The interior rearview mirror offers two modes: one for daytime and one for nighttime driving.

Interior Lighting with Delay: The delay feature offers the convenience of illuminating the interior upon entry and exit. Once the door is closed, the lamps gradually dim.

Illuminated Ignition Key Lock Cylinder: Lighting on the ignition makes it easier to locate in the dark.

Dual Map Lights: Dual map lights provide illumination for the driver and front-seat passenger.

Accessories - 2021 Kia Forte LXS in San Antonio

Auto-Dimming Mirror with HomeLink® & Compass: The Auto-Dimming Mirror with digital compass and HomeLink® automatically dims the harsh glare of reflecting lights. The HomeLink® feature allows you to program the mirror to activate your garage door(s), gate, home lighting, etc. Notes: This Accessory Mirror is NOT Applicable to Models With Factory Equipped UVO Mirrors.

Interior Lighting Kit: The fully integrated lighting system provides colored accent light within the vehicle. Notes: Red LED's.

Remote Start, Key Start Model: The advanced technology of the Remote Start offers the convenience of enabling you to remotely start your Kia up to 500 feet away.

Remote Start, Push Button: The advanced technology of the Remote Start offers the convenience of enabling you to remotely start your Kia up to 500 feet away.

Door Handle Pocket Protector, Clear Appliqué: Help prevent scratches on your vehicle and protect the paint under your door handles with these door pocket films.

Hood Deflector: Durable hood protector helps guard the front paint from insects and minor road debris and channel airflow away from your windshield.

Hood Protector, Clear Appliqué: This custom-fit clear hood protector, will help protect your vehicle from insects and minor road debris.

License Plate Frame, Upper Logo: This Chrome License Plate Frame with the Kia model logo, is an attractive and stylish way for you to personalize your Kia. Notes: Chrome

Rear Bumper Protector, Clear Appliqué: The Rear Bumper Appliqué offers a stylish addition to your Kia while offering additional cosmetic protection.

Splash Guards - Front (Not Applicable for GT): Help protect your new Kia from the chips and blemishes that can come from road debris with these specially designed, custom-fitted molded thermoplastic splash guards. Notes: Not Applicable for GT

Splash Guards - Front (GT Only): Help protect your new Kia from the chips and blemishes that can come from road debris with these specially designed, custom-fitted molded thermoplastic splash guards. Notes: GT only

Splash Guards - Rear: Help protect your new Kia from the chips and blemishes that can come from road debris with these specially designed, custom-fitted molded thermoplastic splash guards. Notes: Applicable for all trims (including GT)

Sport Visors: These Sport Visors offer fresh air comfort in virtually all weather conditions and help reduce wind noise and sun glare.

Sunroof Deflector: Aerodynamically designed to allow air to circulate through the cabin, even in inclement weather.

Wheel Locks: Specially configured, chrome-plated, triple nickel finish, wheel locks secure your wheels to the vehicle.

Ash Cup: This custom designed, removable Ash Cup fits securely into your cup holder.

Cargo Hook: Convenient way to keep your bagged items secure in the cargo trunk area as well as saving space.

Cargo Mat, Carpeted: Keep your cargo area looking new with this custom-fitted cargo mat. It's easily removable for convenient cleaning.

Cargo Net, Envelope: Ensures the stable transportation of lightweight sporting equipment, groceries, and other day-to-day cargo packages.

Cargo Organizer, Portable: This roomy carrier helps you pack in plenty of supplies, then lifts out and folds away flat to free up cargo space for your next errand.

Cargo Tray: Custom fit to the exact specifications of your Kia this durable waterproof tray helps protect your vehicle's cargo area ensuring it remains free of spills and stains.

First Aid Kit, Large: First Aid essentials in a durable zippered case.

First Aid Kit, Small: First Aid essentials in a durable zippered case.

Floor Mats, All-Weather: Custom All-Weather mats help provide floor carpeting protection for every season.

Floor Mats, Carpet: These carpeted mats are custom fit and color-coordinated to match your Kia interior.

Glove, Smart Key Fob: Helps to keep your key fob clean and free of scratches with this durable key fob glove.

Key Chain - Oval Forte with Crystals: Custom designed Kia Key Chains, several unique designs to choose from.

Key Chain - Tag style Forte: Custom designed Kia Key Chains, several unique designs to choose from.

Phone Charging Kit: This 2-in-1 cable supports both Apple and Android devices. It will save you from having to keep track of multiple different chargers for your different phones and tablets.

Roadside Assistance Kit: Be prepared for an emergency with this 38-piece Roadside Assistance Kit. Notes: 38 Pieces

Severe Weather Kit: Don’t be caught unprepared. Protect yourself and family members against severe weather disasters and emergency situations.

Spare Tire Hardware Kit, Tire Sold Separately: Hardware kit includes all necessary tools to change a damaged tire. Tire and mounting are sold separately.

Sport Pedals, Automatic: Accessorize with these stainless steel sport pedals, featuring a brushed aluminum finish and slip-resistant rubber pads. Notes: Automatic Transmission

Sport Pedals, Manual: Accessorize with these stainless steel sport pedals, featuring a brushed aluminum finish and slip-resistant rubber pads. Notes: Manual Transmission

Universal Electronics Holder: The Universal Electronics Holder provides a stable, secure, and easily accessible cup holder mounting solution. Clamping arms opening up to 4.5" wide to accommodate most portable devices. Notes: Image for product only, not vehicle specified.

Windshield Sunshade: Custom fit windshield sunshade with storage bag.

New Kia Cars in San Antonio

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Источник: https://www.ancira.com/2021-kia-forte-lxs-in-san-antonio

Scouting Najee Harris: Alabama RB reminiscent of Matt Forte

I've known about Najee Harris since his high school career began in Antioch, California. He was one of the most coveted recruits in the country and was strongly endorsed by my NFL Network colleague, former All-Pro running back Maurice Jones-Drew. Harris has lived up to his lofty recruiting status during his career at Alabama. While he's shared the load with a stable of talented backs, he always finds a way to make his presence felt in the biggest games. Here's my scouting report on the senior rusher.

Height, weight: 6-foot-2, 230 pounds (school measurements).

2019 statistics: 209 carries for 1,224 yards (5.9 average), 13 touchdowns; 27 catches for 304 yards (11.3 average), seven TDs.

Game tape watched: Texas A&M (Oct. 12, 2019), Tennessee (Oct. 19, 2019), LSU (Nov. 9, 2019).

What I liked: Harris has a tall, athletic frame for the running back position. He's a smooth, fluid runner with a gliding gate. He's very patient on inside runs and has the ability to get skinny through traffic. He drops his pads on contact and possesses tremendous contact balance. He's elusive in the open field and can deploy a nasty stiff-arm.

The 2019 second-team All-SEC selection is very valuable as a pass catcher in this offense, too. He excels in the screen game, where he understands how to patiently set up blocks and pile up big yardage. He sets up defenders on angle routes underneath and can track and high-point the ball down the field. His hands are outstanding. He's very aware in pass protection and is willing to stick his face in the fan (still one of my favorite scouting phrases) versus blitzing linebackers.

Where he needs to improve: The major knock on Harris is his lack of top-end speed. He doesn't possess ideal explosiveness or burst. However, his long stride can be a little deceiving and he might time a little better than anticipated when he tests prior to next year's draft. Also, while I love his awareness and willingness in pass protection, he's too narrow and gives up too much ground. If he learns to sink his weight and create a more balanced platform, he should improve in this area.

Biggest takeaway: I loved watching Harris on tape. His game is so smooth and effortless. He has a natural running style and his feel/instincts make up for his lack of elite speed. He isn't going to be a home-run hitter at the next level, but he's going to pile up a bunch of doubles. What does that mean? Well, it means he's going to routinely turn 2- and 3-yard runs into 12- and 15-yard runs. He is going to excel in short yardage and he'll be an asset out of the backfield on third down.

He reminds me of: I wrote down Matt Forte at the top of my notes about 10 plays into my study of the LSU game. The two players share the same build and smooth/easy running style. Forte had a little more juice, but they are both physical, instinctive runners with added value in the passing game. Another name that popped into my mind was Eddie George. However, George was bigger and more violent as a runner. It will be interesting to see how the league values Harris in the draft. My advice: Ignore the 40-yard-dash time. He's going to be an excellent pro.

Источник: https://www.nfl.com/news/scouting-najee-harris-alabama-rb-reminiscent-of-matt-forte

Dante

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Dante is a proprietary digital media networking solution, developed by Audinate and licensed by Biamp, which operates on 100Mbps and Gigabit networks using standard Internet Protocol (IP) over Ethernet. It allows for transporting low-latency, uncompressed audio over standard IP networks with sample accurate synchronization, automatic device and channel discovery, and easy-to-use signal routing.

Biamp offers 2 Tesira Dante solutions, the DAN-1 card for the Server and Server-IO, and the TesiraFORTÉ DAN models.

The Dante DAN-1 card, based on Audinate's Brooklyn II 64x64 Module, allows Server-class Tesira devices to share digital audio with other Dante-enabled devices, both from Biamp and other manufacturers. Tesira does not support video over Dante.

Each DAN-1 card can transmit up to 64 channels of audio and receive up to 64 channels of audio using up to 32 flows in each direction. (A flow may be considered roughly analogous to a bundle in CobraNet or a stream in AVB. A flow is a container Dante uses automatically to encapsulate 1-4 channels for transmission. See Flows)

A maximum of 32 Dante input devices can be connected. When single channel Dante endpoints are used (e.g. - a Dante microphone using 1 flow containing 1 channel) the number of flows will limit the number of connected devices before the 64 channel maximum is reached.

Each input and output block of channels can be defined with between 1 and 64 channels of audio (for a total of 64 inputs x 64 outputs allocated to all blocks per DAN-1 card). Each Dante channel will have an explicit name. Dante DAN-1 card Hostnames are managed in the corresponding Tesira Server's Device Maintenance dialog.

The Tesira Server-IO can accept up to (2) DAN-1 cards per chassis. The Tesira Server can support (2) DAN-1 per chassis when running FW 3.14 or later, and (1) DAN-1 per chassis for all earlier releases.. Dante is not available for Tesira Expanders.

DAN-1 card.PNG

 

The TesiraFORTÉ DAN, based on Audinate's Brooklyn II 32x32 Module, can transmit up to 32 channels of audio and receive up to 32 channels of audio using up to 32 flows in each direction. Tesira does not support video over Dante.

TesiraFORTÉ DAN devices do not support Dante redundancy must be connected to the primary Dante network only.

The TesiraFORTÉ DAN is available as a TesiraFORTÉ DAN AI, TesiraFORTÉ DAN CI, TesiraFORTÉ DAN TI, TesiraFORTÉ DAN VI, TesiraFORTÉ DAN VT, and TesiraFORTÉ DAN VT4.

TesiraFORTÉ X offers a virtualized Dante endpoint hosted in the TesiraFORTÉ X network appliance. TesiraFORTÉ X can transmit up to 32 channels of audio and receive up to 32 channels of audio using up to 32 flows in each direction. TesiraFORTÉ X does not support video over Dante.

TesiraFORTÉ X can host both AVB and Dante I/O blocks, allowing new options for incorporating Tesira AVB and Dante in a Tesira system. 

TesiraFORTÉ X is available as TesiraFORTÉ X 400, TesiraFORTÉ X 800, and TesiraFORTÉ X 1600.  

Biamp_TesiraForte_X_1600_Iso.png

The TesiraCONNECT TC-5D offers a virtualized Dante endpoint hosted in the TC-5D network appliance. TC-5D can transmit up to 32 channels of audio and receive up to 32 channels of audio using up to 32 flows in each direction. TesiraCONNECT TC-5D does not support video over Dante.

TesiraCONNECT TC-5D can virtualize both AVB and Dante I/O blocks, allowing new options for incorporating Tesira AVB and Dante in a Tesira system. The TC-5D must be added to the Equipment Table of the system to allow bridging of Tesira AVB and Dante in a Tesira system. 

tesiraconnect-crop.png

Please note this article is a comprehensive reference on Biamp's implementation of Dante: the DAN-1 card, TesiraFORTÉ DAN, TesiraFORTÉ X, and TC-5D. 

Naming Dante channels and devices in Tesira

Users are strongly discouraged from editing Tesira transmit and receive channel or device names using Dante Controller software, as the updated names will not be transmitted back upstream to the Tesira software and will be overwritten with the names from the Tesira file when a device reboots. Tesira Dante device and channel names can only be applied using Tesira software, which pushes them to the Biamp device's Dante card and to the Dante network to be seen by Dante Controller software.

The characteristic symptom of having edited channel or device names via Dante Controller rather than Tesira software is the loss of subscriptions in a device following a file update, power cycle, or issuing a reboot command. 

Dante overview

Many of the properties of the Dante flows (or channels) are configurable only through Audinate’s Dante Controller software. Most importantly, routing of audio signals between devices is accomplished using Dante Controller software.

Dante Controller software

Dante Controller screenshot.PNGThe Dante audio network’s signal routing must be done via Dante Controller software on either a Mac or PC. Biamp strongly recommends always using the latest version of Dante Controller software. It can be downloaded from http://www.audinate.com. Further information can be found on the Audinate website under Support > Documentation > User Guides.

In order to connect two Dante devices, the user must specify both endpoints using Dante Controller.

Unlike CobraNet and AVB, Dante provides per-channel routing, so each Dante receiving channel (within an Input block) can conceivably come from a different Dante-enabled device. Thus, a Dante input block can receive more than one network stream.

Dante supports fan out on the network (multicasting) allowing more than one receiving device and channel per transmitting channel. There is not a limit to the number of receiving channels for a multicast stream.

Dante Controller software operates in real time, and reflects the current state of the network to which it is connected. For this reason, audio routes cannot be pre-configured before deploying a Dante network.

You can monitor device status and clock status via Dante Controller.

Once the system has been set up, the Dante Controller software can be shut down or removed. The routing information is stored in the Dante-enabled devices themselves.

Since Dante channel routing is done after the Tesira layout has been compiled it is not possible for the software to predict streams and bandwidth requirements as can be done with AVB.

Default encoding is 32-bit.PNGEncoding bit-depth

The default bit rate for all Tesira Dante endpoints is 48kHz / 32-bit PCM. Tesira does not offer support for 96kHz sample rate.

The Tesira device's encoding bit-depth can be altered using Dante Controller software. Changes require a device reboot via Tesira software's Device Maintenance "Reboot Device" button or power cycle to take effect. Altering the default encoding bit-depth may be required when sending multicast flows to devices which are limited to lower bit-depths.

Dante automatically converts among PCM word sizes (bit-depth) as necessary when creating unicast flows. Multicast flows are encoded at the current setting of the transmit device and will not connect to devices running at a lower bit-depth. To create multicast flows the transmitter bit depth must be changed to match that of the receivers.

Dante won’t connect incompatible audio devices. If bit rates are not able to be matched the devices are not compatible and a fault will be shown. In practice, if Dante Controller software allows a connection to be made, it should pass audio.

Flows: unicast and multicast

Flows are the transmission packets used by Dante between endpoints.

  • Each DAN-1 card can transmit up to 64 channels of audio and receive up to 64 channels of audio (64x64) in up to 32x32 flows.
  • Each TesiraFORTÉ DAN can transmit up to 32 channels of audio and receive up to 32 channels of audio (32x32) in up to 32x32 flows.
  • Each TesiraCONNECT TC-5D can transmit up to 32 channels of audio and receive up to 32 channels of audio (32x32) in up to 32x32 flows.

A set of channels from a particular device is encapsulated in packets called a flow. A flow is a UDP / IP data packet. Flows contain at least 1 channel and up to 4 channels when routed to 1 device (unicast), or up to 8 channels when routing to multiple devices (multicast). A single packet may contain multiple audio samples for each channel.

  • The DAN-1 card can have 32 x 32 simultaneous flows, with a total of 64 x 64 channels.
    • e.g. #1: 32 input channels to one DAN-1 from (32) 1-channel Dante microphones would be automatically encapsulated within (32) unicast flows containing 1 channel each. This would use up all 32 available input flows to the DAN-1, even though the input channel count has not been filled.
    • e.g. #2: 64 input channels to one DAN-1 from (16) 4-channel Dante wall plates would be automatically encapsulated within (16) unicast flows containing 4 channels each. This would use up all 64 available input channels to the DAN-1, even though the input flow count has not been filled.
    • e.g. #3: 64 output channels from one DAN-1 to another 64-channel Brooklyn II Dante device would be automatically encapsulated within (16) unicast flows containing 4 channels each.
    • e.g. #4: 64 output channels from one DAN-1 to (32) 2-channel output wall plates would be automatically encapsulated within (32) unicast flows containing 2 channels each.
    • e.g. #5: 2 output channels (stereo program) from one DAN-1 to (32) 2-channel output devices would be manually assigned to (1) multicast flow containing 2 channels. 31 output flows are still available on the DAN-1 for other applications.
  • The TesiraFORTÉ DAN can have 32 x 32 simultaneous flows, with a total of 32 x 32 channels.
    • e.g. #1: 32 input channels to one TesiraFORTÉ DAN from (32) 1-channel Dante microphones would be automatically encapsulated within (32) unicast flows containing 1 channel each.
    • e.g. #2: 32 output channels from one TesiraFORTÉ DAN to (16) 2-channel output wall plates would be automatically encapsulated within (16) unicast flows containing 2 channels each.
    • e.g. #3: 32 output channels from one TesiraFORTÉ DAN to another TesiraFORTÉ DAN would be automatically encapsulated within (8) unicast flows containing 4 channels each.
  • The TesiraCONNECT TC-5D can have 32 x 32 simultaneous flows, with a total of 32 x 32 channels.
    • e.g. #1: 32 input channels to one TesiraFORTÉ DAN from (32) 1-channel Dante microphones would be automatically encapsulated within (32) unicast flows containing 1 channel each.
    • e.g. #2: 32 output channels from one TesiraFORTÉ DAN to (16) 2-channel output wall plates would be automatically encapsulated within (16) unicast flows containing 2 channels each.
    • e.g. #3: 32 output channels from one TesiraFORTÉ DAN to another TesiraFORTÉ DAN would be automatically encapsulated within (8) unicast flows containing 4 channels each.

A unicast flow is a standard container for up to 4 channels which is created automatically when you configure Dante routing between 2 devices. In connections made to the same receiver, no new flows will be created until all four channels in the most recently created flow are filled.

Unicast flows will negotiate the correct bit depth when a connection is made (e.g. - between a 32-bit device and a 24-bit device, the unicast flow connection will be negotiated to be 24-bit).

Multicast flows must be manually created in Dante Controller, and channels manually assigned to the flow. A multicast flow is scalable based on the number of channels required, and can contain between 1 and 8 channels.

Multicast flows are created using the bit depth settings of the transmitting Dante device, multicast receivers must be at the same bit depth for multicast flows to be established.

If multicast receivers are fixed 24-bit devices it is necessary for the transmitter to also be set to 24-bit

  • E.g. - A multicast flow can not be established between a 32-bit transmitter and multiple 24-bit receivers. Instead, unicast flows will attempt to be negotiated to each of the 24-bit receivers. Additionally, a 32-bit multicast flow will be shown as created and ready in the transmitter device - although it is not connected to any of the 24-bit receivers.

You can check the number of transmitted flows using the Dante Controller software (under Transmit Flows in the Transmit tab of the Device View). A notification will appear if there are not enough available flows for the transmitter.

If a transmitter runs out of the available flows, use of multicast flows may be necessary to reduce the number of transmitted flows.

Also, it’s possible for receivers to not have enough flows in some cases, such as when single channels are received from a large number of devices. In such a case, multicast will not reduce the number of flows, so it’s necessary to reconsider the routing itself. A maximum of 32 Dante input devices (at least 1 flow is used per device) can be connected to DAN-1 or Forte DAN.

  • When single channel Dante endpoints are used (e.g. - a Dante microphone using 1 flow containing 1 channel) the number of flows will limit the number of connected devices before the DAN-1's 64 channel maximum is reached. An error "No more RX flows" will be indicated. In these cases another DAN-1 card must be added to accommodate more devices. 

If there are not enough flows available for transmission, use the Dante Controller software to configure multicast, and reconfigure the network so that less flows are used. Be careful to keep the number of multicast flows (channels) to a minimum, because multicast flows increase the load that the network is subjected to.

To help manage the multicast traffic on the network it is recommended to enable IGMP snooping on your switches. Dante devices can issue IGMP join and leave messages. When a switch has IGMP snooping and filtering turned on, it will prevent IP multicast from flooding the network.

If you intend to multicast over multiple switches, you will also need to configure multicast router ports.

Naming rules for Dante

In Dante, devices and audio channels are identified by names and labels that can be customized by users. Device names must be unique, channel names can be re-used across multiple devices. The combination of Device_Name+Channel_Name must be unique on the network for each Dante channel.

For Tesira Dante hardware, names may be assigned to channels and devices only from Tesira software.

By default, all Tesira channels will be given names in the form:

  • , where "block number" is a unique integer associated with the Input block when it is created and "channel number" is the channel within the block, starting with 1.
  • , where "block number" is a unique integer associated with the Output block when it is created and "channel number" is the channel within the block, starting with 1.

All Dante names and labels are up to 30 characters in length. Name and label comparisons are case-insensitive; “Guitar” and “guitar” are treated as the same label. Unicode and non-roman characters are not supported.

Tesira DAN-1 hostnames will be unique, following the convention TesiraServerxxxxxxxx-DAN1-yy (where xxxxxxxx = the Tesira Server's serial number, and yy = the chassis card slot in which the DAN-1 card is located). As with channel names, the device names can be changed to better reflect the use case associated with the device. Devices can be renamed under Device Maintenance > Network Settings in the DAN-1 (Slot x) tab. The Tesira should be in an unconfigured state when renaming the DAN-1.

Device names should follow Domain Name System (DNS) hostname rules. Legal characters are A-Z, a-z, 0-9, and '-' (dash or hyphen). Device names must begin with A-Z (or a-z).

Channel labels may use any character except '=' (equals), '.' (full stop or period), or '@' (at). Channel labels must be unique on a device.

Channel labels do not need to be unique on the network as they are always qualified by device (channel@device). Tesira channel labeling conventions can be seen on the input and output block pages. Tesira device labels can be modified in Tesira software in the Device Network Settings dialog.

When a Tesira configuration is loaded, names are updated on the Dante card. Names will be requested by Dante Controller software, where users can route signals between devices. In some applications it is possible to rename items in Dante Controller software however it is strongly recommended that naming is done in Tesira software only. When names are applied from Dante Controller software they will not persist through a power cycle, reboot, or configuration update in Tesira as they are not part of the Tesira DSP configuration file.

Device names and channel labels

Dante routing is performed using the device names and channel labels. A receive channel can be subscribed to the name of a transmit channel at a device. Example: “Analog L@my-transmitter” describes a channel labeled “Analog L” on a device named “my-transmitter”. Device names must be unique on a Dante network. Channel labels must be unique on the device.

Tesira software only allows unconfigured Tesira hardware to be renamed. This prevents unintentional changes on a live system. 

If a device or channel is renamed, Dante routing considers it to be a different device or channel. If a new device or channel is then given the old name, Dante routing will route from the new device in place of the previous device. Example: The power supply on “stage-box” fails and “stage-box” needs to be replaced. The old “stage-box” is removed, and a new box is plugged in and named “stage-box.” Dante receivers previously subscribed to the old “stage-box” will now automatically restore their subscriptions to the new “stage-box.”

Device names must be unique on the network. If you attempt to rename a device using Dante Controller to a name that is already in use on the network, Dante Controller will notify you and reject the name change. Example: There is an existing device on the network called “device-slot1”. If user attempts to rename another device to “device-slot1”, Dante Controller will notify the user that the name is already in use. The device will not be renamed.

If a new device is added to the network with a name that already exists, a name conflict is detected, and one of the devices will rename itself by appending (2) to its name. This device will not be able to transmit audio until it is renamed.

Note: A device that has been renamed with (2) appended (e.g. “device-slot1(2)”) will not be able to transmit audio until it is renamed. The parenthesis are illegal characters. The device name must be changed by the user to be a valid non-conflicting name before the device can become fully functional.

Tesira device names will be defined by default as “TesiraServernnnnnnnn-Slotnn” where the string TesiraServer is appended by its serial number and the slot housing the DAN-1 card. As with channel names, the device names can be changed to better reflect the use case associated with the device. Devices can be renamed under Device Maintenance > Network Settings in the DAN-1 (Slot x) tab. The Tesira must be in an unconfigured state when renaming the DAN-1.

IO blocks.png

In Tesira, inputs and outputs are assigned names in the order that the blocks are created. The names denote which block and channel within the block is associated with a given stream on a given device. The first input block would begin with “IN1_1”, the second input block will begin with “IN2_1”, etc. Output channels will be allocated in the same manner, beginning with “OUT1_1” and so on.

The input and output blocks are a Tesira software convention which are not “seen” by Dante Controller, it only knows that the Tesira DAN-1 is a device that has 64 in and 64 out available.

Dante Channel Labelling IO.PNG

Channel naming and allocation

Dante block channel names and fixed in unit true.PNGChannel naming can be done only in Biamp's Tesira software while offline, using the Dante block Properties sidebar. The information is published to the DAN-1 card on upload, and the DAN-1 card subsequently offers the channel names to the Dante network.

Once online, channel routing between Dante devices must be done using Dante Controller software. Note that the Dante card will always indicate its total number of channels (32 or 64) in Controller. Only channels which have associated I/O blocks in the Tesira DSP will have their channels names populated.

Put all Dante IO blocks in one partition

The best practice is to create a Dante IO partition with all of your Dante IO blocks in it, and use partition connectors to pass the audio from the Dante IO to the individual partitions. This allows Dante IO from a single card to be available in multiple partitions and allows you to individually update the partitions without reconfiguring the Dante card itself.

The Dante card is always updated as a unit, so an update to a subset of its channels requires an update to the entire card. This will stop audio across all Dante channels on that card.

If you have multiple Dante IO blocks in multiple partitions which are compiled to the same DAN-1 card (or FORTÉ DAN) then you must update all of the partitions those IO blocks appear in to avoid stopping Dante audio accidentally in a partition you didn't intend to effect.

Set Dante IO blocks "Fixed in unit" option to True

It is strongly recommended that you set all Dante I/O blocks to Fixed in unit = True in the block Properties sidebar. This will prevent the Tesira compiler from re-arranging the Dante channel order if the file is recompiled.

The Dante card itself is either a 32x32 (FORTÉ DAN) or 64x64 (DAN-1) device. Tesira Dante I/O channel blocks each represent a subset of that total number of channels. If you place (4) 8-channel Dante input blocks in a configuration the Tesira compiler will allocate those blocks to the Dante card in the order it sees as the best solution at that time - a different solution may be found the next time.

Setting the Dante blocks to Fixed in unit = True tells the software explicitly which channels in the Dante card you want each block to be assigned to, and locks them there in future recompilations.

Failure to set all Dante blocks to be Fixed in unit = True may result in subscription errors or corrupt channel routing assignments if Tesira DSP files are updated after routing has been done in Dante Controller.

If channels have shifted then:

  • clear all Dante subscriptions in Dante Controller (double-click on each Dante receiver device name, select 'Unsubscribe' on the bottom of the channel list.)
  • clear the Tesira configuration file from the Tesira devices (Device Maintenance)
  • Set all Dante IO blocks to Fixed in Unit = True in the Tesira configuration file
  • reload the Tesira system file
  • apply the correct Dante routing in Dante Controller 

Connection statusDante connected to status.PNG

Dante Controller's Device View can be opened by double clicking on a device name in the routing matrix. Device View indicates all crosspoints in the Receive tab. There is a status column which indicates the health of the subscription. 

Tesira Server-IO and Server DAN-1 cards have primary and secondary ports allowing a redundant Dante network. When only the primary network is in use the connection status will indicate a green check for the primary network and a circle and slash icon indicating the redundant network is not connected. This is normal operation. 

Tesira Forte DAN has only a primary Dante port and so will indicate only the primary network status.

If one or more Tesira Dante channels are disconnected (not routed in Dante Controller) then Tesira software will indicate the system warning "One or more Dante flows inactive." In systems running Tesira firmware 3.15 and higher this message can be disabled to prevent the AIS (Alarm in system) and fault lights indicating an issue when Dante some devices are expected to be disconnected, such as a mixing console or other transitory hardware. This is managed on a per block basis on Dante input and output blocks in Tesira software by checking or unchecking the 'Fault when inactive' option in the block's initialization dialog. 

Networking details

The DAN-1 card connects via standard CAT-5e or higher network cabling to a network switch. It is a separate connection from the SNC-1 or SNC-2 network control port on the Tesira, and requires its own cable. It can share the same network switch hardware as the SNC-1 or SNC-2 network control port.

As a rule of thumb, a separate, dedicated Dante network is recommended for critical, high channel-count applications.

The DAN-1 Dante network should not share the same network hardware as AVB or CobraNet devices.

If it is unavoidable to share network hardware, each network protocol (Dante, AVB, CobraNet) should be placed into its own VLAN, and there must be clearly mapped-out bandwidth requirements for each protocol's VLAN. Note that VLANs do not guarantee or reserve network bandwidth, they are essentially an organizational tool for ports and devices. Network links can be oversaturated, causing interruptions in real-time traffic (such as Dante), if the total combined traffic requirements of a link are not accurately calculated, or if traffic is improperly routed. 

Unlike AVB (Audio Video Bridging) or CobraNet, Dante does not require special switch hardware, protocols, or VLANs, allowing it to operate with current “off-the-shelf” network hardware along with standard network traffic.

Cable

Dante devices connect via standard CAT-5e or higher network cabling. In most applications unshielded cable is fine. The maximum cable length is 100 meters.

If hops greater than 100 meters are necessary you can use fiber optic cabling. You will need to use a switch that supports fiber connections to send Dante data over a fiber optic cable.

Network switch requirements

Any switch that supports Diffserv (SCP) QoS with strict priority and four queues, and which has Gigabit ports for inter-switch connections should be appropriate for use with Dante.

QoS is recommended for Gigabit switches on networks that share data with services other than Dante.

Dante supports the use of mixed 100Mbps and Gigabit hardware, audio with mixed sample rates and bit depth, and allows the design of network zones with different latencies. Biamp recommends using Gigabit hardware throughout the network. A Gigabit interface is required for channel counts above 32x32 at 48kHz/24bit.

For low channel count (32 or less) applications, a 100Mbps switch may be used as long as it supports proper DSCP QoS, and QoS is active. The use of 100Mbps switches without QoS is not recommended or supported.

Although power management should be negotiated automatically in switches that support Energy-Efficient Ethernet (EEE), it is a relatively new technology, and some switches do not perform the negotiation properly. This may cause EEE to be enabled in Dante networks when it is not appropriate, resulting in poor synchronization performance and occasional dropouts.

When using managed switches, ensure that they allow EEE to be disabled. Make sure that EEE is disabled on all ports used for real-time Dante traffic. If you use unmanaged switches, do not use Ethernet switches that support the EEE function, because you cannot disable EEE operation in these switches.

IGMP snooping and querier

To help manage the multicast traffic on the network it is often recommended to enable IGMP snooping on your switches. Dante devices can issue IGMP join and leave messages. When a switch has IGMP snooping and filtering turned on, it will prevent IP multicast from flooding the network. An IGMP querier IP address must be defined on at least one switch in the Dante network or VLAN. (On Cisco Nexus switch networks this may include enabling PIM sparse, thereby enabling an IGMP querier.) 

If no querier is present then IGMP snooping will cause Dante clock discovery to fail. You will see multiple Master Clock devices shown in Dante Controller, the Dante devices will lose clock sync and latency will increase until audio stops.

If you intend to multicast Dante over multiple switches, you will also need to configure multicast router ports.

Due to differences in how switch manufacturers implement IGMP snooping, this feature may cause Dante devices to lose the ability to sync their clocks. IGMP snooping may even be implemented differently in different switch families from the same manufacturer. Be sure to read all of the IGMP configuration literature for each switch model in the network to ensure the attributes are properly configured.

A telltale symptom of IGMP snooping configuration issues is when multiple devices are shown as Master Clock devices in Dante Controller. The presence of multiple Master Clock devices is a red flag issue which must be resolved before moving forward. In troubleshooting this issue, first confirm a querier is specified on at least one switch in the Dante network or VLAN. If it is still not working properly, disable IGMP snooping on all switches in the Dante network or VLAN to see if it resolves the problem. Re-apply IGMP snooping only if it is determined to be required - it may not be needed.

Spanning tree may interfere destructively with IGMP, if both are desired this should be discussed and tested in conjunction with the switch manufacturer. 

Bandwidth

Dante single-link network limitations are determined by the bandwidth of the endpoints.

Network speedChannel Limitations
1000Mbps (Gigabit)512 x 512 48kHz/24bit audio channels can be sent over a single link, giving a total of 1024 bi-directional channels. (For 96kHz/24bit audio the channel capacity is halved. Tesira does not offer 96kHz sample rate support.)
100Mbps (Fast Ethernet)48 x 48 48kHz/24bit audio channels can be sent over a single link, giving a total of 96 bi-directional channels. (For 96kHz/24bit audio the channel capacity is halved. Tesira does not offer 96kHz sample rate support.) It is recommended that Fast Ethernet links not exceed 32 channels.

The number of channels that can traverse one link in a network is proportional to the link speed.

A link will always slow down to the lowest speed connector on that link; eg. if a Gigabit port on switch A is connected to a 100Mbps Fast Ethernet port on switch B, the link speed will be 100Mbps Fast Ethernet. This is good, because it allows you to mix link speeds in a network without having to do anything complicated.

Audio is transmitted over the network in UDP/IP Packets. A single IP packet may contain audio samples from several audio channels, and may contain multiple audio samples for each channel.

Audio packets can be transmitted using either unicast or multicast addressing. By default they are sent using unicast, but the user can change this to multicast using the Dante Controller. Multicast and unicast can be sent and / or received at the same time on a Dante device. Channels are individually selectable for multicast transmission.

Device discovery: IP addresses

When connected to an IP/Ethernet network, a Dante-enabled device will automatically configure its own IP address and advertise itself to other devices on the network. Dante-enabled devices will automatically discover one another over the network and learn each other’s capabilities (number of input and output channels, sample rates and bit depths supported, etc.).

Dante Primary and Secondary ports must be on their own unique networks. This can be achieved either through the use of redundant switches (preferred) or VLANs on a shared switch. The Dante Primary and Secondary ports should never be connected to a common network.

Networked Dante devices and channels can be labeled with “friendly” names that make sense to the end user.

Dante devices obtain IP addresses automatically by default - so there should be no need to specify static IP addresses unless it is a specific requirement for your network.

  • You can configure static IP addresses and host names for one or both of the DAN-1 Ethernet ports using Tesira software. Note that these edits must be done with the Tesira in an unconfigured state (no system file loaded; Device ID = 0). In Device Maintenance > Network Settings choose the DAN-1 (Slot x) tab.
  • If your network has a DHCP server, Dante devices will receive their IP configuration using the standard DHCP protocol.
  • On a network without DHCP, a Dante-enabled device will automatically assign itself an address using ‘Bonjour’ Zero Config auto addressing protocol by Apple. Devices will automatically assign themselves an address in the range 169.254.*.* (172.31.*.* for the secondary / redundant network, if present).

DAN-1 MAC addresses are visible within Device Maintenance > Network Settings under the DAN-1 (Slot x) tab, choose the Interface Status... button. There are two (2) MAC addresses for each DAN-1 card, use Interface ID: to select between the Primary and Secondary NICs.

Redundancy

Dante offers a full-time redundancy option with permanent primary and secondary audio transmission. Redundancy requires a second distinct broadcast network, either using a second physical switch network (recommended) or via a VLAN isolating the network traffic.

Dante redundancy requires that both the primary and secondary interfaces on any redundant device are connected using the same link speed.

If the secondary network is connected to a device that supports redundancy, it is enabled automatically. Audio data is transmitted on both the primary and secondary networks simultaneously. In the event of a failure on one network, audio will still continue to be received via the other network.

Dante devices that do not support redundancy must be connected to the primary network only.

Dante Controller must be connected to the primary network.

The secondary port found on the DAN-1 card is for Dante redundancy only, it is not to be used for daisy chaining devices.

Cross-connecting the primary and secondary networks will cause errors seen by Tesira as run time faults. Dante Controller must be used to identify issues in Dante streams.

Dante QoS values

Some switches require special configuration to recognize and prioritize specific DSCP values. The table below shows how Dante uses various Diffserv Code Points (DSCP) packet priority values.

PriorityUsageDSCP LabelHexDecimalBinary
HighTime critical PTP eventsCS70x3856111000
MediumAudio, PTPEF0x2E46101110
Low(reserved)CS10x088001000
NoneOther trafficBestEffort0x000000000
 

Wi-Fi

Wireless LAN (Wi-Fi) is not supported for Dante audio. While possible in principle, the practical limitations of current wireless technology (802.11a/b/g/n) render reliable performance unachievable.

If it is nesessary to add a Wi-Fi access point to the Dante network it should be isolated from Dante traffic using multicast filtering for unregistered multicast. Dante multicast traffic can overwhelm a Wi-Fi device.

Dante Controller software will not function over Wi-Fi. 

Clocking and latency

Clocks

An extremely high-quality clock is provided by the Tesira backplane, the card bus references that clock for Master Clock duties within the network unless a higher priority clock is available, such as AVB (when present) or Dante. If these higher priority clock sources are present then Tesira's clock will sync to their clocks.

Dante clocking guarantees that all devices are synchronized to within 1 microsecond or less, and that all devices can play out audio at the level of sample accuracy.

As with AVB, Dante uses a distributed Master Clock election protocol that automatically selects the best clock for the network, based upon information advertised by each Dante device. This information includes the quality of its clock, clock source, link speed and other parameters, and results in the best clock being elected as the Master Clock. One device is elected as the Master Clock to which other devices are synchronized. By default this selection takes place automatically, with no need to manually assign a Master Clock.

In the event the Master Clock drops offline audio will continue to flow and a backup Master Clock will take over. If the Master Clock fails for any reason, a new Master Clock will be chosen from the existing slaves within a few seconds. The transition from one clock master to the other does not result in any loss of audio. Slave devices “free run” during the period of master clock transition.

Most of the time, you do not need to be involved in the Master Clock selection process. Dante guarantees that the Master Clock device will be by default the strongest candidate.

To force a specific device to become the Master Clock you would normally use the Dante Controller to set a Dante device to be "Preferred Master". If more than one device is selected as the "Preferred Master", the device with the lowest MAC address will be chosen during a clock election.

Because Tesira is capable of combining and synchronizing multiple network audio protocols, the Preferred Master flag of a Tesira device's Dante interface cannot be set using Dante Controller. A Tesira device will set its Preferred Master flag automatically to match the clock propagation specified in the configuration.

Clocks in multi-protocol systems

Dante as clock master in Tesira - setting.PNGIn a system using AVB and Dante, the protocol providing the master clock will depend on the Tesira configuration file's Media Networks Setup dialog. 

More information about working with multiple protocols in Tesira can be found here: Using multiple networked audio protocols.

Clock heirarchy and propagation in a multi-protocol system must be considered during the design phase.

  • If the AVB network has been specified as the Clock Master network, then the Tesira system will try to impose its clock on Dante network:
    • In Dante Controller, the DAN-1 in the chassis with both AVB and Dante card will show “Preferred Master” and “Enable sync to external" word clock flags set. The AVB card in that chassis is providing the 'external' word clock source. Other Dante devices must be slaved to that “Preferred Master”.  
  • If the Dante network has been specified as the Clock Master network, then the Tesira system will impose the Dante clock on its AVB network: 
    • The DAN-1 in the chassis with both AVB and Dante card will not show “Preferred Master” or “Enable sync to external", and the Tesira device will synchronize its AVB-1 card to the DAN-1 card. 
  • It is possible to manually set multiple devices to the "Preferred Master" state. In the event a Dante network has multiple "Preferred Master" devices, the Dante devices will negotiate between themselves to determine the correct "Preferred Master" device. The Dante device with the highest quality Dante chipset and lowest MAC address will become the "Preferred Master". This will cause a conflict if the Tesira AVB network has been configured to be the Media Master network and the device elected as Dante clock master is not the Tesira. The Tesira system will not be able to impose its clock onto the Dante network, and so the AVB and Dante networks will be unsynchronized. In short, if a Tesira DAN-1 displays the "Preferred Master" flag then no other devices on the network should be set to "Preferred Master".
  • If the Tesira Server / Server-IO has (2) DAN-1 cards installed then one of the 2 cards will show the "Enable sync to external" flag set. This indicates it is aware of another Dante card in the same chassis. If no other Dante device is defined as Preferred Master then the synced DAN-1 will be elected clock master. In this configuration a 3rd party Dante device on the network should be defined as "Preferred Master". This will allow both of the DAN-1 cards in the shared Tesira chassis to sync to a common external clock and preclude the possibility of a clock loop.
  • The Tesira system will impose its own values on the “Preferred Master” and “Enable sync to external" check boxes to align with the Media Network configuration defined in the Tesira. These will override attempts to edit them in Dante Controller. This is expected behavior.
  • Only one device per Dante network may be defined as both “Preferred Master” and “Enable sync to external" in order to avoid conflicting clocks. This device is automatically made the Master clock, so all others will sync to this device. "Enable sync to external" indicates that the device is connected to multiple clock sources and prefers to be synced to another clock domain, it is then imposing this clock on the Dante network. 

Dante devices each contain a very high quality VCXO clock, and are synchronized with one another over the network using the IEEE 1588 Precision Time Protocol (PTP). This synchronization requires the use of Diffserv (DSCP) QoS with strict priority and 4 queues in the Dante network's switches.

The source of the Master Clock can be:

  • The internal VCXO clock generated within a piece of Dante enabled equipment, or
  • An external clock source which is internally connected to the Dante device (e.g. AVB in a Tesira Server).

There are certain circumstances in which the automatic Master Clock selection may be inappropriate. For example, a system may have a device that is periodically connected and disconnected, e.g., an input to the network from a stage box or mixing console. This device may not be always present and thus would be a poor choice for a Master Clock. Using the Preferred Master setting in Dante Controller, you may designate as a Master Clock a device (or devices) that is always present for the entire time that the network is required to function.

Slave to External Word Clock

A Dante device with "Slave to External Word Clock" set will use the external word clock from its host equipment to tune its onboard VCXO. A Dante device with this attribute set will become the PTP Master Clock, unless there is another Dante device present with "Preferred Master" set. In Dante Controller the “Enable sync to external" check box should also be enabled for this device to indicate it is pulling its word clock from another network and should be the Dante clock master.

Most Dante devices will mute if they receive unsynchronized audio data. This is likely to be caused by clock configuration errors that result in a loss of synchronization. By far the most common cause of this problem is a mismatch of clock settings between a Dante-enabled hardware device and in Dante Controller. On some Dante devices clock settings must be configured in the device's own software or menus, and occasionally using physical DIP switch settings - consult the device's user manual and manufacturer's tech support for details. 

Preferred Master

Sometimes it may be necessary to force a particular device to provide the PTP Master Clock. A Dante device with "Preferred Master" set will always be chosen as the PTP Master Clock. If more than one device has "Preferred Master" set, the device with the lowest MAC address will be chosen.

Tesira enables "Preferred Master" status by default when equipped with both AVB and Dante cards. It will not be enabled if Tesira is equipped with only Dante cards. It will not be enabled if Tesira is equipped with CobraNet and Dante cards.

A Tesira with both AVB and Dante cards is not required to be a "Preferred Master" device. Setting the Tesira file to use Dante as the master in the Media Network settings will allow other Dante devices to be the clock master.

Tesira with AVB and Dante (Tesira file with AVB selected as Network Media clock master): If another Dante device set as a Preferred Master is added to a Tesira Dante system, and that device's Dante MAC address is lower than that of the Tesira Server, it will become the Master Clock device. Since Tesira's clock protocol requires it to be the Master Clock for the system (when AVB is selected as Network Media clock master) this scenario will cause a (major) system fault. The fault can be resolved by unchecking the Preferred Master selection for the offending device or by setting Dante as Tesira's Network Media clock master (in the Tesira configuration file). 

Tesira with Dante only, or CobraNet and Dante: If a device set as a Preferred Master is added to a Tesira Dante system, and that device's Dante MAC address is lower than that of the Tesira Server, it will become the Master Clock device. Tesira cannot be the Preferred Master if the frame is not equipped with an AVB card. The Preferred Master checkbox in Dante Controller will clear itself if it is selected.

In a redundant network, the clock synchronization protocol operates over both primary and secondary networks. Each network will have a designated PTP Master Clock; usually this will be the same device on both networks. If this is not the case (e.g. if a non-redundant device is designated Preferred Master) then one device will bridge the clock synchronization information from the primary to the secondary network, ensuring that all devices derive their clock from the same source. Redundant PTP Slave clocks will synchronize their local clocks based on information from one of the networks they are connected to. In event of a failure on one network a redundant device will continue to receive clock synchronization information over the other network.

Latency

In Dante, variation in latency in the network is compensated for at the receiver. Each receiver has an Rx latency setting. This setting defines the latency between the timestamps on the incoming audio samples and when those samples are played out. The typical default latency for a Dante device is 1 ms. This is sufficient for a very large network, consisting of a Gigabit network core (with up to 10 hops between edge switches) and 100 megabit links to Dante devices. Smaller, Gigabit-only networks can use lower values of latency (down to below 200µs). Recommended latency settings are displayed in Dante Controller.

Dante uses a network-centric approach to synchronization using standard VoIP QoS to prioritize clock sync and audio traffic over other network traffic allowing synchronized playout over different audio channels, devices, and networks over multiple switch hops. 

In order to bring latency down to the lowest possible values, a gigabit network should be used. This allows greater freedom to build a high performance, flexible network that maintains fantastic latency performance. Dante offers sub-millisecond latency for all products. (In principle the lowest latency between two nodes connected directly using Gigabit Ethernet is achieved if a single audio sample is collected and then transmitted in its own IP packet. Dante latency has been measured as low as 83.3µs for a gigabit implementation.)

Receivers that are listening to the same audio transmitter using the same latency value are guaranteed to be sample aligned.

Latency in a Dante system is deterministic and guaranteed. A Dante receiver introduces an additional latency before playing out audio to account for delay variation in the network or end device. The user sets this latency with Dante Controller and the value selected should be based upon the size of the network.

Latency can be configured to be different between different devices in the same network, and does not have to be the same for all connections on the network.

Dante allows you to configure low latency connections for critical audio paths, while at the same time running higher latency connections for a broadcast or recording feed where latency is less critical. When 2 connected devices use different latency settings, the higher of the 2 latency values will be used for transmit and receive between the devices.

Latency Settings.pngThe minimum latency available for a device connected to a 100 Mbps network port is 1 ms. The Biamp DAN-1 card supports 1 ms and 2 ms latency.

Adding new devices to a network does not affect the latency of devices already in the network. The latency of hardware devices does not depend on the number of audio channels routed, however some devices (e.g. the Dante Virtual Soundcard) may need to use higher latency to reliably process high channel counts. Routing additional audio channels does not change the latency of audio already passing through the network.

Presets in Dante Controller

Dante Controller Preset advanced options.pngIt is recommended that presets in Dante Controller are only used to control crosspoint routing between Tesira and other devices.

Channel names, bit depth, and other options should not be recalled as these can cause routing issues. They are selected by default and must be manually cleared before saving a preset. 

Deselect all options in the Advanced menu other than "Tx Flows" and "Rx Channel Subscriptions" for Biamp Dante devices when saving and recalling presets in Dante Controller.

Dante Domain Manager

Tesira 3.11 FW (and later) added support for Dante Domain Manager (DDM) on all Dante-capable Tesira devices. For further information, please review the Tesira support for Dante Domain Manager article.

Dante 4.0 introduced new security, monitoring, auditing, and routing capabilities to Dante networking, including the ability to create unique domains to more efficiently manage large Dante networks.

  • A Dante domain is a logical group of Dante devices. A domain can span IP subnets and route audio between subnets to devices in the same domain. Additionally, multiple Dante domains can co-exist within a network, but devices in one domain do not interactwith devices in a different domain. 

Dante Domain Manager (DDM) is a virtual appliance which enables the functions described above. DDM requires a PC or virtual machine present on the network to run the DDM server and to manage the domains and permissions. 

Dante Domain Manager and Dante Controller 4.x allow users to create and manage multiple domains within a network, to assign individual devices to a particular domain, and to route audio between devices within domains.

Audio can be routed between subnets by Dante hardware running FW 4.0 and higher. Dante FW 4.2 added support for SMPTE ST 2110-30 RTP audio flows and AES67 RTP audio flows for enrolled devices (DDM networks and supporting devices only). Pre-4.2 Dante devices, including Tesira, can participate in domains with Dante 4.2 devices using AES67 or SMPTE. 

In Dante domains, there is one Grand Master clock, and if the domain spans IP subnets, an additional 'subnet master' clock for each subnet, plus one or more boundary clocks for each subnet. The subnet master may also be a boundary clock for its own subnet.

Boundary clocks use PTP v2 (IEEE 1588-2008) for unicast clocking between subnets. Boundary clocks can be manually or automatically specified using the DDM web interface.

Each Dante domain will use its own individual clock domain, unless audio sharing between domains is configured, in which case all domains in the shared audio group share the same clock domain.

Not all Dante devices need to be 4.2 in a SMPTE domain but, naturally, only the devices that support SMPTE will be able to receive SMPTE flows. 

The whole domain, and by extension all other devices, must be on the same v2 clock domain as the SMPTE-capable Dante 4.2 device.

Pre-4.2 Dante devices only support ptp v2 domain numbers of  0-3, so DDM will limit you to setting ptp v2 domain number in that range if you are not running a full domain of Dante 4.2 or higher devices.

If the third-party SMPTE device(s) cannot be configured to a ptp v2 domain number in that 0-3 range then they will not be able to interoperate with Dante devices in a domain which includes pre-4.2 Dante devices.

Legacy devices

Audinate refers to any hardware running on pre-4.0 Dante FW as a legacy device.

Audinate maintains a firmware library for Dante endpoint hardware. Biamp maintains a firmware library for Tesira products. The numbering of the 2 libraries is unique from one another and uncorrelated. The Dante endpoint is a hardware component of the Tesira device, and inherits its firmware from the Tesira host. Updating firmware on a Biamp Tesira Dante endpoint is done by updating the Tesira device's firmware. Attempting to directly load Audinate firmware to a DAN-1 or FORTÉ DAN Dante endpoint using Dante Controller or other means may corrupt the endpoint and render it inoperable. Always update firmware using Biamp Tesira's software interface or SageVue.

Dante interfaces on Tesira devices running Tesira 3.7.1.5 firmware (FW) or earlier use pre-4.0 Dante FW and should be treated as Dante "legacy devices". 

Tesira 3.8 through 3.10 FW releases updated the Dante cards to the 4.0 Dante FW but Tesira infrastructure does not yet support Dante Domain Manager (DDM). Biamp Dante endpoints running those Biamp FW versions should be treated as legacy Dante devices in DDM.

  • DAN-1 and TesiraFORTÉ DAN devices running Biamp FW versions 3.8, 3.9, or 3.10 will advertise themselves within Dante Domain Manager even though it is not supported in those versions. Assigning these devices to the Dante Domain will result in audio not flowing. Devices should be updated to Biamp FW 3.11 or later.

Audio can be routed between subnets by Dante hardware running FW 4.0 and higher. Legacy Dante devices (running pre-4.0 Dante FW) in one subnet cannot act as a boundary device to talk or listen directly to a Dante device in another subnet. Tesira Dante devices can participate within a Dante domain spanning subnets alongside other devices running FW 4.0 or higher, can route audio to and from those devices, and those devices can act as the subnet boundary transmitters and receivers.

Firmware Update Manager

The Tesira's DAN-1 cards, TesiraFORTÉ DAN, TesiraFORTÉ X, and TesiraCONNECT TC-5D only run Dante firmware provided by Biamp via Tesira firmware updates.

Biamp Dante firmware updates are embedded in the Biamp Tesira firmware package and can only be applied using Biamp Tesira software's Device Maintenance > Update Firmware tool. There is no supported method for updating the Dante firmware independent of the Tesira firmware update.

Attempting to load Dante firmware directly to the Dante cards via Dante Controller or Audinate's Firmware Update Manager may result in an unrecoverable device. 

If your system is up to date with the latest Tesira firmware, then your DAN-1 card / TesiraFORTÉ DAN / TC-5D is up to date with the latest Biamp-supported Dante firmware.

Dante Version 4-1-1-4.png

Источник: https://support.biamp.com/General/Networking/Dante

Forte is a music notation program that can import MIDI, MusicXML, and Karaoke files, as well as the CapXML file format of the Capella notation program. Besides, it also can export songs in MIDI and MusicXML formats for sharing with other tools such as the open-source MuseScore and LilyPond programs.

Forte 11 Basic Giveaway

Forte 11 Basic Giveaway

Key Features:

  • Extensive chord functions for entering, editing and playing back chords
  • Manual line break for quick layout adjustments
  • New measure and note selection for copying notes
  • Over 100 improvements ensure a better workflow
  • A new playback cursor provides more Overview during playback
  • Save music scores as JPEG, TIFF or EPS files
  • Record or import audio and play it in conjunction with their composition
  • The complex scores allow users to write elaborate pieces
  • Automatically transpose notated music among various keys

Supported OS: Windows 10/8/8.1/7/Vista, Windows XP (SP2 or later)

Price: $24

How to get FORTE 11 Basic license key for free?

To get FORTE 11 Basic giveaway, please follow these steps:

Step 1. Go to this GIVEAWAY PAGE

Enter your name and email address then click to “DOWNLOAD YOUR COPY!” button

Forte 11 Basic Get License

Forte 11 Basic Get License

Step 2. Click the link in the confirmation email to confirm your subscription.
After that, you will receive the download link for the full version and license code:

Forte 11 Basic License Key Adn Download Link

Forte 11 Basic License Key Adn Download Link

Step 3. Install the software on your computer. Activate and enjoy it!

Forte 11 Basic Activate

Forte 11 Basic Activate

Terms

  • This is a lifetime license for 1PC
  • Non-commercial use
  • You will get free updates
  • No free tech support
  • Register before this offer has ended
User Rating: 5(32 votes)
Источник: https://giveaway.tickcoupon.com/forte-basic-free-license-key/

EXHIBIT 10.6 FORTE SOFTWARE, INC. VALUE-ADDED RESELLER (VAR) LICENSE AND SERVICES AGREEMENT VAR CHORDIANT SOFTWARE, INC ____________________________________________________________________________ Address 20400 Stevens Creek Blvd., Ste. 400...

EXHIBIT 10.6 FORTE SOFTWARE, INC. VALUE-ADDED RESELLER (VAR) LICENSE AND SERVICES AGREEMENT VAR CHORDIANT SOFTWARE, INC ____________________________________________________________________________ Address 00000 Xxxxxxx Xxxxx Xxxx., Xxx. 000 ________________________________________________________________________ City Cupertino State CA Zip 95014 ______________________________________ _____________________ ____________ This Value-Added Reseller (VAR) License and Services Agreement (the "Agreement") is between Forte Software, Inc., a Delaware corporation located at 0000 Xxxxxxxx Xxxxxx, Xxxxxxx, Xxxxxxxxxx, 00000 ("Forte"), and the company set forth above, including any wholly or majority owned subsidiaries (the "VAR") for the purpose of setting forth the terms and conditions upon which Forte shall grant to the VAR a license to use and Sublicense the Products listed in Exhibit A attached hereto. This Agreement shall supersede and replace the Value-Added Reseller License and Services Agreement dated September 19, 1996 (and all other agreements and understandings between the parties), which superseded the Value-Added Reseller License and Services Agreement dated February 1, 1995. The Effective Date of this Agreement is the last date set forth below. FORTE: VAR: FORTE SOFTWARE, INC. CHORDIANT SOFTWARE, INC. Signature: /s/ Xxx X. Xxxxx Signature: /s/ Xxxxxx X. Xxxxxxxxxxx Name: Xxx X. Xxxxx Name: Xxxxxx X. Xxxxxxxxxxx Title: Senior Vice President Title: EVP/CFO Date: October 30, 1998 Date: October 29, 1998 [*]= CERTAIN INFORMATION IN THIS EXHIBIT HAS BEEN OMITTED AND FILED SEPARATELY WITH THE COMMISSION. CONFIDENTIAL TREATMENT HAS BEEN REQUESTED WITH RESPECT TO THE OMITTED PORTIONS. TERMS AND CONDITIONS Forte and the VAR hereby agree that the following terms and conditions will apply to each license granted and to all services provided by Forte under this Agreement. 1. DEFINITIONS 1.1 "Cumulative Sublicense Fees" shall mean the total Sublicense fees, including Full Use Sublicense Fees, accrued to Forte beginning upon the Effective Date hereto for Products Sublicensed under this Agreement. 1.2 "Delivery Partners" shall mean a system integrator or other party engaged to provide services to a Sublicensee or VAR with respect to VAR Applications. 1.3 "Designated Developer" shall mean a person within the VAR designated by VAR to develop applications with the Product. 1.4 "Distributors" shall mean Delivery Partners or other third parties appointed by the VAR to market and grant Sublicenses of the VAR Application as further set forth in Section 3.1(h) hereto. 1.5 "Documentation" shall mean the user manuals and operator instructions furnished by Forte in conjunction with the Products. 1.6 "Effective Date" shall mean the date so specified on the signature page of this Agreement or on the applicable Order Form, Sublicense report, or other document. 1.7 "Order Form" shall mean Forte's standard form by which the VAR may order licenses and services for VAR's use under this Agreement. Such Order Form is attached hereto as Exhibit B. 1.8 "Price List" shall mean Forte's then-current price list for the country in which a Product license or service is to be used. 1.9 "Product" or "Products" shall mean the computer software program(s) owned or distributed by Forte for which the VAR is granted a license pursuant to this Agreement and as further set forth in Exhibit A, whether in printed or machine readable form and includes Updates (defined in Section 1.16). Forte agrees that Exhibit A may be amended from time to time by the parties to include other software Products not currently listed on Exhibit A that Forte licenses to its customers generally. 1.10 "Runtime Users" shall mean the maximum number of logged-in persons within a Sublicensee that may use the VAR Application at any one time. 1.11 "Standard Technical Support" shall mean Product technical support services provided under Forte's policies in effect on the date such services are ordered. 1.12 "Sublicense" shall mean a nonexclusive, nontransferable right granted by the VAR or Distributor to use a VAR Application for the Sublicensee's own internal business purposes and not for any further distribution. 1.13 "Sublicensee" shall mean a third party who is granted a Sublicense by the VAR or a Distributor. 1.14 "Support Fees" shall mean the fees payable annually for Standard Technical Support. 1.15 "Supported License" shall mean a Product license for which VAR has a current order for annual Standard Technical Support. 1.16 "Updates" shall mean updated versions of the Products and Documentation which encompass logical improvements, extensions and other changes to the Products which are generally made available to Product licensees who are current in their payment of Support Fees. Updates shall be governed by the terms of this Agreement. 1.17 "VAR Application" shall mean the VAR's software program containing modifiable Product code. A VAR Application shall be developed by the VAR through use of the Products as further set forth in Section 2.1 hereto. The VAR shall provide a description of each VAR Application using the form attached as Exhibit C, and each VAR Application shall be approved in writing by Forte prior to Sublicensing which approval will not be unreasonably withheld. Forte agrees that future approved VAR Applications shall be governed by the terms of this Agreement. Forte hereby approves VAR's CCS Application as described in Exhibit C attached hereto. Notwithstanding any provision to the contrary in this Agreement, nothing stated in this Agreement shall preclude VAR from developing any VAR software program through the use of any third party product. 1.18 "VAR Price List" shall mean the VAR's then-current standard product list and fee schedule. The VAR shall attach hereto as Exhibit D the initial VAR Price List which includes the VAR Application. The VAR agrees to notify Forte of all updates and revisions to such VAR Price List. 2. VAR LICENSE AND SERVICES 2.1 VAR Development License (a) Fees. In consideration for the license described in (b) below, VAR shall pay Forte the VAR license fee set forth on Exhibit A. Additional Designated Developer and other [*]= CERTAIN INFORMATION IN THIS EXHIBIT HAS BEEN OMITTED AND FILED SEPARATELY WITH THE COMMISSION. CONFIDENTIAL TREATMENT HAS BEEN REQUESTED WITH RESPECT TO THE OMITTED PORTIONS. licenses may be obtained for the applicable fees set forth in Exhibit A. (b) License Grant. Forte grants to VAR a nonexclusive, worldwide, nontransferable and nonassignable (except as otherwise specified herein) license to use the Documentation and the Products listed on Exhibit A only for the following purposes: (i) to market and Sublicense to Sublicensees worldwide (subject to Section 7.8) VAR Application Development Systems (as defined in Exhibit A) and the right to Sublicense such rights through multiple tiers of distribution, each for the purposes described below. In connection with its license pursuant to this clause, VAR shall limit access to such Products to the number of Designated Developers indicated on the applicable Order Form. (ii) to develop or prototype the VAR Application; (iii) to demonstrate the VAR Application to potential Sublicenses; (iv) to provide training and technical support to employees and Sublicensees solely in conjunction with the VAR Application; and (v) in connection with providing consulting services and/or providing or modifying VAR Applications to Sublicensees and potential Sublicensees. In addition to the temporary Sublicenses specified in Section 3.1(c), VAR may make up to five (5) copies of the Products for demonstration and training purposes, may make a reasonable number of copies of the Products for archival or backup purposes. Except as necessary to exercise its license rights or as otherwise permitted hereunder no other copies shall be made without Forte's prior written consent. Documentation may be obtained from Forte for the fees specified in the Price List. All titles, trademarks, and copyright and restricted rights notices shall be reproduced in such copies. All copies of the Product(s) and Documentation are subject to the terms of this Agreement. (c) Limitations on Use. VAR shall not use or duplicate the Products (including the Documentation) for any purpose other than as specified in the Agreement, or make the Products available to unauthorized third parties. Transfer of a Product outside the United States for VAR Application development or support shall be permitted only with Forte's prior written consent, which shall not be unreasonably withheld, and is subject to VARs payment of Forte's then current international fee uplift. 2.2. Development License Support Subject to VAR's payment of the Support Fees set forth on Exhibit A, and so long as Forte continues to offer similar support services to its other Product licensees, Forte will provide annual Standard Technical Support to VAR as follows: (a) Telephone Support. Forte will provide telephone consultation at Forte's service location, to assist VAR in identifying, verifying and resolving problems in the use and operation of the Product. Telephone assistance services shall be limited to those VAR personnel indicated on the applicable Order Form, which may be amended from time to time by VAR upon written notice to Forte. (b) Problem Resolution. Forte will respond to problem reports concerning the Products submitted by VAR to Forte, using the form provided by Forte where possible, including backup material substantiating the Product problem. Upon proper notification of a failure of the Product to perform correctly, which failure can be reproduced at Forte's facility or via remote access to VAR's facility, Forte shall use reasonable efforts to correct the failure and to provide VAR with correcting Product, a work-around or other solution to the problem. Standard Technical Support services will be provided in accordance with the sections entitled "Types of Assistance Offered" and "How Forte Resolves Your Call" of the Forte Technical Support Users Guide ("Support Guide"), attached hereto as Exhibit F or policies that are substantially similar thereto. In the event of a conflict of inconsistency between this Section 2.2 and the Support Guide, Section 2.2 shall govern. (c) Updates. Forte will provide VAR with Updates. For a minimum of 12 months after the introduction of a new generally available release, Forte will use reasonable efforts to provide Standard Technical Support for the previous release of the Product. [*]= CERTAIN INFORMATION IN THIS EXHIBIT HAS BEEN OMITTED AND FILED SEPARATELY WITH THE COMMISSION. CONFIDENTIAL TREATMENT HAS BEEN REQUESTED WITH RESPECT TO THE OMITTED PORTIONS. (d) Renewal. Forte will notify the VAR at least 30 days before the annual support period is scheduled to expire. Fees for annual support are due annually in advance. Such fees will be those in effect at the beginning of the period for which the fees are paid. Annual support will terminate unless the VAR renews for the next year under Forte's then current policies by providing Forte with a purchase order and/or payment of the next year's fees prior to the expiration date. (e) Re-Instatement. VAR may reinstate lapsed support services only upon payment of the back Support Fees specified in the Price List, plus current year's Support Fees. 2.3 Consulting and Training Services Forte will provide on-site consulting services ordered by VAR at Forte's then-standard consulting rates under the terms and conditions of this Agreement and any relevant work order; provided, however, that Forte will consider offering Chordiant a discount on consulting orders of $100,000 or more (such consulting services to be used within six months of purchase). Scheduled service dates will be agreed upon mutually, subject to availability of Forte personnel. Forte's daily consulting rate is based on an eight-hour workday. VAR shall reimburse Forte for actual, reasonable travel and out-of-pocket expenses incurred in performing such services. VAR may also order training from Forte (scheduled classes at Forte's facilities or on-site) at Forte's then-standard rates under this Agreement. All consulting and training services must be utilized by VAR within six (6) months following the date ordered by VAR. Unless otherwise agreed by the parties in writing, Forte consulting services will be limited to transferring knowledge to and mentoring VAR's staff on "best practices" concerning the Products, and reviewing and providing input on VAR's design and implementation of applications developed and deployed using the Products. Development and deployment of applications will remain at all times under VAR's control and direction. Ultimate responsibility for development and deployment of such applications is with VAR, and Forte will not be liable to VAR or any third party for any delay in completion or non-completion of any application. 2.4 Ownership and Rights to Developments (a) Products and Documentation. VAR acquires only the right to use the Products and Documentation, and does not acquire any rights of ownership. All right, title, and interest in and to the Products and Documentation, including without limitation all intellectual property rights therein, shall at all times remain with Forte and its licensors. (b) VAR Application. Exclusive of Product, the VAR Application and all other software that VAR develops (or has developed by a third party), and all changes or modifications thereto, will remain the sole and exclusive property of VAR. Exclusive of Product, Forte shall have no interest or acquire any rights in the VAR Application or other software or in such changes or modifications. Except as may otherwise be agreed to in writing by the parties under Section 2(d)(i), Forte irrevocably assigns to VAR all right, title and interest worldwide in and to any changes or modifications to the VAR Application (exclusive of Product) and all applicable intellectual property rights related to the VAR Application (exclusive of Product), including without limitation, copyrights, trademarks, trade secrets, patents, moral rights, contract and licensing rights. Notwithstanding the foregoing and as a condition of this Agreement and in consideration for the licenses granted herein, VAR agrees that it shall not sublicense or otherwise distribute the VAR Application (containing any Product) after termination or expiration of this Agreement. Nothing in this Agreement shall restrict in any way the license by VAR, or require license or other payments to Forte with respect to products or applications which are not VAR Applications, or require VAR or any other party to license VAR Applications or Products. (c) Developments. Any ideas, know-how, or techniques concerning the Products or their use which may be developed, conceived or reduced to practice by Forte in the course of providing services under this Agreement, including without limitation any enhancements or modifications made to the Products (collectively, "Developments"), shall be the exclusive property of Forte. Forte may in its sole discretion develop, use, market, and license any Developments. Forte may create items similar or related to the VAR Developments or other products which are developed by Forte for VAR provided such items are independently developed without use of VAR's Confidential Information or trade secrets. Forte shall not be required to disclose information concerning any Developments which Forte deems to be proprietary and confidential. Any ideas, know-how, or techniques concerning the VAR Applications or Products or their use which may be developed, conceived or reduced to practice by VAR, including without limitation any enhancements or modifications made to the VAR Applications (collectively, "VAR Developments"), shall be the exclusive property of VAR. VAR may in its sole discretion develop, use, market, and license any VAR Developments. VAR may create items similar or related to the Products or Developments or other materials developed by Forte for VAR provided such items are independently developed without use of Forte's confidential information or trade secrets. VAR shall not be required to disclose to Forte any information concerning any VAR Developments. (d) Custom Work Product. Notwithstanding subsection (c) above, if consulting services rendered by Forte will by [*]= CERTAIN INFORMATION IN THIS EXHIBIT HAS BEEN OMITTED AND FILED SEPARATELY WITH THE COMMISSION. CONFIDENTIAL TREATMENT HAS BEEN REQUESTED WITH RESPECT TO THE OMITTED PORTIONS. mutual written agreement include the design or development of the VAR Application, other software, documentation, or other intellectual property specific to VAR's needs ("Custom Work Product"), then (i) the parties must agree in writing in each instance on the ownership rights in or to such Custom Work Product prior to Forte's commencement of such services or (ii) if no such agreement is reached, VAR shall have sole and exclusive ownership of the Custom Work Product. Under this subsection (ii), Forte irrevocably assigns to VAR all right, title and interest worldwide in and to the Custom Work Product and all applicable intellectual property rights related to the Custom Work Product, including without limitation, copyrights, trademarks, trade secrets, patents, moral rights, contract and licensing rights. Forte shall have the right to create items similar or related to Custom Work Product provided such items are independently developed without use of VAR's Confidential Information or trade secrets. Notwithstanding any other provision to the contrary, for any consulting services Forte provides to VAR which result in Custom Work Product that is exclusively owned by VAR under subsection (ii) above, Forte shall not be precluded from using Residuals (defined below) from such Custom Work Product. "Residuals" shall mean ideas, concepts and understandings related to the Custom Work Product which would be retained in the memory of an ordinary employee not intent on appropriating such Custom Work Product when performing such services. Notwithstanding the parties' agreement that VAR shall own any particular Custom Work Product, any Developments and any proprietary software or other items previously developed and/or owned by Forte and included in the Custom Work Product shall remain the exclusive property of Forte. Forte hereby grants to VAR a non-exclusive, perpetual, worldwide, fully paid-up license to copy, modify, Sublicense, distribute and use solely for VAR's exercise of rights granted under this Agreement all Developments and other Forte-owned items included in the Custom Work Product. All copies of any Custom Work Product which is wholly or partially owned by Forte shall include Forte's copyright notice and may not be provided to third parties without Forte's prior written consent. 3. SUBLICENSING 3.1 Terms and Conditions (a) Right to Sublicense. Forte hereby grants VAR a nonexclusive, nontransferable and nonassignable (except as expressly provided in this Agreement) license to market and Sublicense to Sublicensees worldwide (subject to Section 7.8) and the right to Sublicense such rights through multiple types of distribution (e.g., system integrators) (i) the Products as an integral part of the VAR Application, (ii) the Core System Products (as defined in Exhibit A) for use with applications other than the VAR Application (a "Full Use License"), provided that a Sublicensee has also received a license to a VAR Application and provided that a Forte Regional Sales Manager has reviewed and approved all quotations for any Products above and beyond a Forte Core System prior to being presented to the proposed Sublicensee. Each Sublicense shall be granted solely through a written Sublicense agreement which shall include terms substantially similar to those set forth on Exhibit E hereto. In the event of any Full Use License, Forte shall promptly ship such Products and Documentation directly to the applicable Sublicensee as identified on the Order Form. At Forte's request, VAR shall provide Forte with a copy of VAR's standard Sublicense agreement. VAR may only Sublicense those Products which VAR has previously licensed from Forte. (b) Sublicense Fees. VAR shall pay Forte the Sublicense fee set forth on Exhibit A. Sublicense fees shall be due and payable with each applicable Sublicense report. (c) Temporary Sublicenses. VAR and its Distributors shall be entitled to grant temporary Sublicenses of the VAR Application or Full Use Licenses at no charge, for evaluation/pilot purposes only, with no Sublicense fees owed to Forte as long as a maximum of twenty (20) such temporary Sublicenses are in effect at any one time. The term of each such temporary Sublicense shall be for a period not to exceed ninety (90) days. VAR shall terminate or pay to Forte the applicable Sublicense fees for perpetual Sublicenses for any temporary Sublicenses outstanding in excess of ninety (90) days. (d) Sublicensee Use. VAR is granted the Sublicensing rights described herein on the understanding that, except for a Full Use License or where such a restriction is not permitted by applicable law, Sublicensees will be permitted use of the Products only in connection with the VAR Application. VAR shall use reasonable commercial efforts to enforce the terms of its Sublicense agreements to the extent that they relate to the Products. If VAR is aware that a Sublicensee without a Full Use License is using a Product beyond the limited functionality set forth in the VAR Application Sublicense agreement (for example, use of any Product for development purposes outside of the scope of the VAR Application), VAR or Distributor shall immediately notify the Sublicensee of such unauthorized use. If the Sublicensee fails to discontinue such unauthorized use following notification, VAR or Distributor shall at VAR's option either terminate the sublicense, or forward to Forte one hundred percent (100%) of the applicable then current Product full use license fee. (e) Sublicensing Practices. At all times during this Agreement VAR shall: (i) avoid deceptive, misleading, illegal, or unethical practices that may be detrimental to Forte or to the Products; (ii) not make any representations, warranties, or guarantees to Sublicensees concerning the Product that are inconsistent with or in addition to those made in this Agreement and (iii) comply with all [*]= CERTAIN INFORMATION IN THIS EXHIBIT HAS BEEN OMITTED AND FILED SEPARATELY WITH THE COMMISSION. CONFIDENTIAL TREATMENT HAS BEEN REQUESTED WITH RESPECT TO THE OMITTED PORTIONS. applicable laws and regulations with respect to the VAR Application and related services rendered by VAR. (f) Sublicense Reports. Within forty-five (45) days of the last day of each quarter, VAR shall send Forte a report detailing for the quarter: (i) for each VAR Application or Product for a Full Use License shipped during the prior quarter, Sublicensee name and address, date of shipment, whether the Sublicense is temporary for evaluation purposes, and total Sublicense fees due to Forte; (ii) for each grant of additional rights to use a VAR Application previously shipped, a description of such additional rights, and a description of the applicable Sublicense fees and Support Fees due Forte for such grant; and the Distributor agreements executed during the prior month, including names and addresses of the Distributors. With each sublicense report, VAR shall simultaneously provide Forte with payment of all fees required under such report. VAR shall require its Distributors to report the information in clause (i) above to VAR on a quarterly basis and will include it in the report for the quarter in which VAR received the information. VAR hereby agrees that the information obtained by Forte pursuant to clause (i) above, with the prior written consent of the VAR Sales Director, may be used by Forte for the sole purpose of contacting such new Sublicensee to address any opportunities outside of the VAR Application solution. Such information shall be deemed to be Confidential Information as defined in Section 7.1 of this Agreement. The VAR shall be eligible for compensation on sales by Forte of Full Use Licenses above and beyond a Full Use Core System License to such customers, in accordance with the then-current `reverse royalty' or similar program maintained by Forte. (g) Sublicensee Documentation. VAR shall be responsible for providing documentation for Sublicensees. VAR shall have the right to incorporate portions of the Documentation into the VAR's documentation subject to the provisions of Section 7.4 of the Agreement at no additional charge to VAR. Forte shall provide VAR with electronic copies of all current documentation, in the form of CDs or such other means as reasonably requested by VAR. (h) Distributors. VAR may appoint Distributors to market and Sublicense the VAR Application under the terms of the Agreement. If a Distributor desires to make any Product-specific modifications to the VAR Application requiring the Product, it must do so pursuant to a development license unless such Distributor already has an appropriate license acquired directly from Forte or other third party. Each Distributor's agreement with VAR shall allow it to market and Sublicense the VAR Application only in accordance with the Sublicensing provisions of this Agreement. Forte shall be deemed a third party beneficiary of the portions of the Agreement between VAR and such Distributor that relate to the Products. VAR agrees to use all reasonable efforts to enforce its Distributor agreements and to inform Forte immediately of any known material breach thereof related to the Products. (i) VAR Audit. VAR shall maintain adequate books and records in connection with its activity under this Agreement, which shall include but not be limited to executed Sublicense agreements. Forte may at its expense, retain an independent third party to audit the relevant accounting books and records of VAR regarding shipment of VAR Applications or Products to ensure compliance with the terms of this Agreement. If an audit reveals that VAR has underpaid fees to Forte; VAR shall promptly pay such fees. Any such audit shall be conducted during regular business hours at VAR's offices and shall not interfere unreasonably with VAR's business activities. If the underpaid fees are in excess of five percent (5%) of the total fees previously paid and then payable from VAR, then VAR shall pay Forte's reasonable costs of conducting the audit. Audits shall be made no more than once annually. In addition, each Sublicensee and Distributor agreement shall permit VAR to conduct a similar audit of VARs Sublicensees and/or Distributors. VAR shall, upon reasonable evidence that an audit of a Sublicensee or Distributor is warranted, conduct such audit.. (j) Indemnification. VAR agrees to use reasonable commercial efforts to enforce the terms of its Sublicense and Distributor agreements required by this Agreement to the extent that they relate to the Products and to inform Forte of any known material breach of such Forte-related terms. VAR will defend and indemnify Forte against: (i) all direct damages to Forte arising from any use by VAR, its Distributors or its Sublicensees of any product not provided by Forte but used in combination with the Products if such claim would have been avoided by the exclusive use of the Products; and (ii) all direct damages suffered by Forte as a result of VAR's failure to include or reasonably enforce the required contractual terms set forth herein in each Sublicense and Distributor agreement, provided that: (i) Forte promptly notifies VAR in writing of the claim; (ii) VAR has sole control of the defense and all related settlement negotiations; and (iii) Forte provides VAR with the assistance, information, and authority necessary to perform the above; reasonable out-of-pocket expenses incurred by Forte in providing such assistance will be reimbursed by VAR. (k) Federal Government Sublicenses. The Products and Documentation are commercial computer software and documentation developed exclusively at private expense, and in all respects are proprietary data belonging solely to Forte. [*]= CERTAIN INFORMATION IN THIS EXHIBIT HAS BEEN OMITTED AND FILED SEPARATELY WITH THE COMMISSION. CONFIDENTIAL TREATMENT HAS BEEN REQUESTED WITH RESPECT TO THE OMITTED PORTIONS. Pursuant to DFARS 227.7202 or FAR 12.212, as applicable, the Government's right to use, reproduce or disclose the Products and Documentation acquired under this Agreement is subject to the restrictions of this Agreement. (l) Inherently Dangerous Applications. The Products are not specifically developed, or licensed for use in any nuclear, aviation, mass transit, or medical application or in any other inherently dangerous applications. VAR agrees to notify each Sublicensee of this limitation. VAR agrees, and each Sublicensee shall agree, that Forte shall not be liable for any claims or damages arising from VAR's or a Sublicensee's use of the Products for such applications. If VAR fails to notify Sublicensee of the limitations specified above, VAR agrees to indemnify and hold Forte harmless from any claims for losses, costs, damages, or liability arising out of or in connection with the use of the Products in such applications. (m) Notwithstanding Section 1.12 and Items 2 and 3 of Exhibit E and any other provision in this Agreement, VAR or Distributor shall have the right to allow a Sublicensee to transfer or assign a Sublicense granted by VAR or Distributor hereunder, upon written notice to VAR and such transferee/assignee agrees to be bound by the terms and conditions of the applicable Sublicense Agreement. 3.2 Sublicense Technical Support In consideration for the right to provide technical support services to its Sublicensees, the VAR agrees to pay Forte the applicable annual technical support services fee set forth in Exhibit X. Xxxxx shall not be required to provide any assistance needed to install the VAR Application at Sublicensee sites. Forte shall not be required to provide any Product technical support, training and consulting to Sublicensees or Distributors. The VAR shall continuously maintain Standard Technical Support services from Forte during the period during which VAR provides technical support services to any Sublicensees. Any questions from the VAR's Sublicensees or Distributors regarding VAR Applications will be referred by Forte to the VAR. 3.3 Consulting and Training Services A Sublicensee may contract directly with Forte for consulting and training services at Forte's then-current rates. VAR shall have no right to market and/or sell Forte consulting and training services, but may order Forte consulting and training to be performed on behalf of a Sublicensee and/or Distributor hereunder. Forte agrees that VAR may order Forte consulting and training services under the terms of this Agreement and that no additional agreements (subcontract or otherwise) would be required by Forte to be perform such services for VAR or on behalf of VAR for a Sublicensee or Distributor. 4. INVOICING, PAYMENT & TAXES (a) Payment Terms. Invoices for payment of fees shall be payable in U.S. dollars on the Effective Date of the Order Form or Sublicense Report, as applicable. All payment obligations identified on executed Order Forms and Sublicense Reports (as calculated in accordance with Exhibit A) are noncancellable and, upon payment, are nonrefundable. VAR will provide Forte with a written purchase order for licenses and support at the time of execution of an Order Form or submission to Forte of a Sublicense Report, as applicable. Other applicable fees shall be payable when invoiced. All fees shall be deemed overdue if they remain unpaid 30 days after the quarterly report date. If the VAR's procedures require that an invoice be submitted against a purchase order before payment can be made, the VAR will be responsible for issuing such purchase order 30 days before the payment due date. All overdue amounts shall become interest at the rate of one and one-half percent (1-1/2%) per month or the maximum legal rate, if less, however, nothing herein shall limit Forte's right to terminate this Agreement as set forth herein. (b) Taxes. The fees listed in this Agreement do not include taxes. The VAR shall pay or reimburse Forte for all sales, use, excise, personal property, value-added, or other applicable taxes, duties or assessments based on the licenses granted or the services provided under this Agreement or on the VAR's use of the Products, except that the VAR shall have no responsibility for income taxes imposed on Forte. 5. TERM AND TERMINATION 5.1 Term This Agreement shall commence on the Effective Date hereto and shall be valid for a period of three (3) years. Each Sublicense granted under this Agreement shall continue in perpetuity unless terminated as provided in Paragraph 5.2 below. 5.2 Termination Upon written notice to Forte, VAR may terminate this Agreement and any license herein at any time. Upon written notice to VAR, Forte may terminate this Agreement and any license granted herein if VAR materially breaches this Agreement and fails to correct the breach within thirty (30) days following written notice from Forte specifying the breach. Notwithstanding the previous sentence, if the material breach is of such a nature that it cannot be reasonably be corrected within such 30 days, Forte agrees not to terminate the Agreement or any license granted herein, provided VAR uses all reasonable [*]= CERTAIN INFORMATION IN THIS EXHIBIT HAS BEEN OMITTED AND FILED SEPARATELY WITH THE COMMISSION. CONFIDENTIAL TREATMENT HAS BEEN REQUESTED WITH RESPECT TO THE OMITTED PORTIONS. and good faith efforts to cure such breach in a timely manner, but not to exceed 90 days from written notice specifying the breach. Forte agrees that it may not terminate any license that was granted hereunder to a Sublicensee, provided the license to such Sublicensee was granted in accordance with the terms herein when licensed and such Sublicensee is not in material breach of the Sublicense Agreement. 5.3 Effect of Termination (a) Upon expiration or termination of this Agreement, all VAR's right to market, Sublicense, and use the Products as set forth in this Agreement shall cease, and Forte may declare all sums owed hereunder immediately due and payable. VAR also agrees that it shall not sublicense or otherwise distribute the VAR Application (which contains any Product or any portion thereof) after expiration or termination of this Agreement. (b) Unless the expiration or termination of this Agreement is due to a material breach by VAR, VAR may continue using a single copy of the most recent release of the Products then in VAR's possession solely for the purpose of continuing technical support for Sublicenses granted prior to termination. Such continued use of the Products shall be subject to all the provisions of this Agreement, including, without limitation, payment of the Support Fees specified herein. (c) The termination of this Agreement or any license acquired hereunder shall not limit either party from pursuing any other remedies available to it including injunctive relief, nor shall such termination relieve VAR's obligation to pay all fees that have accrued or that VAR has agreed to pay under any Order Form or other similar ordering document under this Agreement. The parties' rights and obligations under Sections 2.1(c), 2.4, 3.1(d),(e),(f) and (h) through (m), and Sections 4, 5, 6, and 7 shall survive termination of this Agreement. 5.4 Return of Products upon Termination Except as provided in Section 5.3(b) above, upon expiration or termination of a license hereunder, VAR shall: (i) cease using the applicable Products; and (ii) represent in writing to Forte within one month after termination that VAR has destroyed or has returned to Forte the Products, Documentation and all copies except for a reasonable number of archived copies. This requirement applies to copies and storage in all forms, partial and complete, in all types of media and computer memory, and whether or not modified or merged into other materials. 6. WARRANTIES, REMEDIES, LIMITATION OF LIABILITY 6.1 Infringement Indemnity (a) Forte will defend and indemnify VAR against all costs (including reasonable attorneys fees and Sublicense fees attributable to Sublicenses for which VAR was required to refund license fees to the applicable Sublicensee due to such infringement,) arising from a claim that Products furnished and used within the scope of this Agreement infringe a copyright, patent, trademark, or other intellectual property right provided that: (i) VAR promptly notifies Forte in writing of the claim; (ii) Forte has sole control of the defense and all related settlement negotiations; and (iii) VAR provides Forte with the assistance, information, and authority necessary to perform the above; reasonable out-of-pocket expenses incurred by VAR in providing such assistance will be reimbursed by Forte. (b) Forte shall have no liability for any claim of infringement to the extent based on: (i) use of a superseded or altered release of a Product if such infringement would have been avoided by the use of a current unaltered release of the Product that Forte provides to VAR; or (ii) the combination, operation, or use of any Products furnished under this Agreement with programs or data not furnished by Forte if such infringement would have been avoided by the use of the Products without such programs or data. (c) In the event the Products are held or are believed by Forte to infringe, Forte shall have the option, at its expense, to: (i) modify the Products to be non-infringing; (ii) obtain for VAR a license to continue using the Products; (iii) substitute the Products with other software reasonably suitable to VAR; or if (i) - (iii) are not commercially reasonable for Forte, (iv) terminate the license for the infringing Products and refund the license fees paid for those Products. This Section 6.1 states Forte's entire liability for infringement. 6.2 Product Warranty Except as stated below, for each Supported License Forte warrants that each Product will perform the functions described in the associated Documentation when operated on the specified platform for a period of 30 days from the date of shipment of such Product to VAR. Forte further warrants that the Products will fully comply with the following millennium compliance statement when configured and used according to the Documentation. The definition of compliance is the ability to: 1. correctly handle date information before, during and after 1 January 2000 accepting date input, providing date output and performing calculation on dates; [*]= CERTAIN INFORMATION IN THIS EXHIBIT HAS BEEN OMITTED AND FILED SEPARATELY WITH THE COMMISSION. CONFIDENTIAL TREATMENT HAS BEEN REQUESTED WITH RESPECT TO THE OMITTED PORTIONS. 2. function according to the Documentation, during and after 1 January 2000 without changes in operation resulting from the advent of the new century; 3. where appropriate, respond to two digit date input in a way that resolves the ambiguity as to century in a disclosed, defined and predetermined manner; 4. store and provide output of date information in ways that are unambiguous as to century; 5. manage the leap year occurring in the year 2000, following the quad-centennial rule. Forte does not warrant that each Product will meet VAR's requirements, that the Products will operate in the combinations which VAR may select for use or with all non-Forte software used by VAR, that the operation of each Product will be uninterrupted or error-free, or that all Product errors will be corrected. Forte will undertake to correct any reported error condition in accordance with its then-current Standard Technical Support policies and the terms of this Agreement, with the terms of this Agreement to prevail in the event of any conflict. Forte shall have no obligation to undertake correction of errors caused by VAR modifications to the Product. VAR's sole and exclusive remedy for Product nonconformity shall be recovery of the license fees paid to Forte for such non-conforming Product. As an accommodation to VAR, Forte may supply VAR with (i) preproduction releases of Products labeled "Alpha," "Beta" or otherwise, which are not suitable for production use or for development of the VAR Application, or (ii) shareware items such as "Fshare" containing code developed by Forte and/or its customers and partners. Notwithstanding anything to the contrary in this Agreement, such preproduction releases and shareware are provided to VAR "as is" without warranty of any kind, express or implied, and neither party will be responsible to the other for any losses, claims or damages of whatever nature arising out of VAR's use of such items. Forte shall identify at the time of release of any such preproduction or shareware releases what type of support, if any, is provided by Forte. Unless stated otherwise, however, no support shall be provided by Forte for such releases. Standard Technical Support does not include support or updating of shareware items. VAR will promptly report any error condition discovered in a preproduction release, and provide Forte with appropriate test data if necessary to resolve problems encountered by VAR with a preproduction release. 6.3 Media Warranty Forte warrants all media delivered to VAR to be free of defects in materials and workmanship under normal use for 90 days from the Effective Date. Replacement of media without charge is VAR's sole and exclusive remedy in the event of a media defect. 6.4 Services Warranty Forte warrants that its Standard Technical Support, consulting and other services will be of a professional quality conforming to generally accepted industry standards and practices. This warranty shall be valid for 90 days from completion of service. For any breach of the above warranty, VAR's exclusive remedy and Forte's entire liability shall be: (i) the re-performance of the services; or (ii) if Forte is unable to perform the services as warranted, recovery of the fees paid to Forte for such deficient services. 6.6 Limitations of Warranties THE WARRANTIES ABOVE ARE EXCLUSIVE AND IN LIEU OF ALL OTHER WARRANTIES, WHETHER EXPRESS OR IMPLIED, INCLUDING THE IMPLIED WARRANTIES OF MERCHANTABILITY AND FITNESS FOR A PARTICULAR PURPOSE. 6.7 Limitation of Liability IN NO EVENT SHALL EITHER PARTY BE LIABLE FOR LOSS OF PROFITS, REVENUE (EXCEPT AS ALLOWABLE AND DETERMINED TO BE A DIRECT DAMAGE) OR PRODUCT USE, OR LOSS OR INACCURACY OF DATA, AND IN NO EVENT SHALL EITHER PARTY BE LIABLE FOR ANY INDIRECT INCIDENTAL, SPECIAL OR CONSEQUENTIAL DAMAGES INCURRED BY EITHER PARTY OR ANY THIRD PARTY, EVEN IF THE OTHER PARTY HAS BEEN ADVISED OF THE POSSIBILITY OF SUCH DAMAGES. EXCEPT WITH RESPECT TO SECTIONS 6.1, 3.1(j) AND TO THE EXTENT LOSS OF PROFITS AND/OR REVENUE ARE ALLOWABLE AND DETERMINED TO BE DIRECT DAMAGES DUE TO THE OTHER PARTIES UNATHORIZED COPYING OR DISTRIBUTION OF THE PRODUCT OR VAR APPLICATION EITHER PARTY'S LIABILITY FOR DAMAGES HEREUNDER, WHETHER IN AN ACTION IN CONTRACT OR TORT OR BASED ON A WARRANTY, SHALL IN NO EVENT EXCEED THE AMOUNT OF FEES PAID BY VAR UNDER THIS AGREEMENT FOR THE RELEVANT LICENSE OR SERVICE. The provisions of this Section 6 allocate the risks under this Agreement between Forte and VAR. Forte's pricing reflects this allocation of risk and the limitation of liability specified herein. 7. GENERAL TERMS [*]= CERTAIN INFORMATION IN THIS EXHIBIT HAS BEEN OMITTED AND FILED SEPARATELY WITH THE COMMISSION. CONFIDENTIAL TREATMENT HAS BEEN REQUESTED WITH RESPECT TO THE OMITTED PORTIONS. 7.1 Nondisclosure By virtue of this Agreement, the parties may have access to information that is confidential to one another ("Confidential Information"). Confidential Information shall be limited to the Products and the VAR Application, information related thereto, all other information clearly marked as confidential, and other items as agreed by the parties in writing. A party's Confidential Information shall not include information which (i) is or becomes a part of the public domain through no act or omission of the other party; or (ii) was in the other party's lawful possession prior to the disclosure and had not been obtained by the other party either directly or indirectly from the disclosing party; or (iii) is lawfully disclosed to the other party by a third party without restriction on disclosure, or (iv) is independently developed by the other party. The parties agree, both during the term of this Agreement and for a period of five (5) years after termination hereof, to hold each other's Confidential Information in confidence. The parties agree not to make each other's Confidential Information available in any form to any third party or to use each other's Confidential Information for any purpose other than the implementation of this Agreement. Each party agrees to take all reasonable steps to ensure that Confidential Information is not disclosed or distributed by its employees or agents in violation of the provisions of this Agreement. 7.2 Governing Law and Jurisdiction This Agreement shall be governed and construed under the laws of the State of California, as applied to agreements executed and performed entirely in California by California residents. In no event shall this Agreement be governed by the United Nations Convention on Contracts for the International Sale of Goods. In any legal action relating to this Agreement each party agrees (i) to the exercise of jurisdiction over it by a state or federal court in San Francisco or Alameda County, California; and (ii) that if a party brings the action, it shall be instituted in one of the courts specified in subparagraph (i) above. 7.3 Copyrights VAR acknowledges that the Products and Documentation are proprietary to Forte and protected by copyright, patent and/or trade secret laws. VAR agrees to include without alteration, in all copies and reproductions of the Products, Documentation and VAR Application, reproductions of Forte's restricted rights notices, copyright notices and other proprietary legends. A copyright notice in a Product does not, by itself, constitute evidence of publication or public disclosure. 7.4 Marks All trademarks, service marks, trade names or logos identifying the Products or Forte's business (the "Marks") are the exclusive property of Forte or its licensors. VAR will not take any action that jeopardizes Forte's or its licensors' proprietary rights or acquire any right in the Marks except as specifically set forth below. VAR will not register, directly or indirectly, any trademark, service xxxx, trade name, copyright, company name or other proprietary or commercial right which is identical or confusingly similar to the Marks or which constitute a translation of a Xxxx into another language. VAR will use the Marks exclusively to identify the Products and shall not use the Marks in combination with any trademarks, service marks, or logos of VAR which would create confusion as to the ownership or identity of the Marks (e.g. "ForteCCS"). Any such use of the Marks will clearly identify Forte or its licensors as the owner of the Marks and conform to Forte's then current trademark and logo guidelines which Forte agrees to supply to VAR at VARS request. At Forte's request, VAR will deliver to Forte a sample of all advertisements or promotional materials bearing a Xxxx. If Xxxxx notifies VAR that the use of the Xxxx is inappropriate, in its reasonable judgment, VAR will not publish or otherwise disseminate the advertisement or promotional materials until they have been modified to Forte's reasonable satisfaction. VAR will immediately notify Forte if VAR learns of any potential infringement of the Marks by a Sublicensee. Forte will determine the steps to be taken under these circumstances. In connection with any such potential infringement of or by the Marks, VAR will (a) provide Forte, at Forte's expense, with the assistance that Forte may reasonably request and (b) not take steps that would prejudice Forte's rights in the Marks without Forte's prior approval. 7.5 Relationship between Parties In all matters relating to this Agreement, the VAR will act as an independent contractor. The relationship between Forte and the VAR is that of licenser/licensee. Neither party will represent that it has any authority to assume or create any obligation, express or implied, on behalf of the party, nor to represent the other party capacity. 7.6 Notice All notices relating to this Agreement shall be in writing and delivered by overnight delivery service or first class prepaid mail with return receipt requested to the address of such party specified above to the attention of its Chief Financial Officer or such other address specified by such other party in accordance with this Section. 7.7 Severability/Waiver [*]= CERTAIN INFORMATION IN THIS EXHIBIT HAS BEEN OMITTED AND FILED SEPARATELY WITH THE COMMISSION. CONFIDENTIAL TREATMENT HAS BEEN REQUESTED WITH RESPECT TO THE OMITTED PORTIONS. In the event any provision of this Agreement is held to be invalid or unenforceable, the remaining provisions of this Agreement will remain in full force and effect. The waiver by either party of any default or breach of this Agreement shall not constitute a waiver of any other or subsequent default or breach. 7.8 Export Administration; U.S. Government Rights VAR agrees to comply fully with all relevant laws, regulations and orders of the United States and other countries to which the Products or VAR Application are shipped, the U.S. Department of Commerce, and other U.S. and applicable non-U.S. agencies to assure that all Products, Developments and Custom Work Product and related media are not exported in violation of the laws of the United States and other applicable countries. 7.9 Non-assignability and Binding Effect Notwithstanding Section 2.1(b) or any other provision hereof, the Agreement, Product and Documentation licenses granted herein may be transferred or assigned by VAR upon written notice to Forte to (a) any entity that is either directly or indirectly controlled by VAR ("control" for purposes of this Agreement shall mean ownership of at least 51% of the voting capital stock of a corporation, or 51% of the voting equity of any non-corporate entity), or (b) the surviving entity of a merger, acquisition or reorganization of all or substantially all of VAR's assets, capital stock or other equity, so long as such proposed transferee or assignee agrees in writing to be bound by the terms and conditions of this Agreement. Except as provided above, any attempted assignment of the rights or delegation of the obligations under this Agreement shall be void without the prior written consent of the non-assigning or non-delegating party. In the case of any permitted assignment or transfer of or under this Agreement, this Agreement or the relevant provisions shall be binding upon, and inure to the benefit of, the successors, executors, heirs, representatives, administrators and assigns of the parties hereto. 7.10 Force Majeure Neither party shall be liable to the other for its failure to perform any of its obligations under this Agreement or any Exhibit, during any period in which such performance is delayed because rendered impracticable or impossible due to circumstances beyond its reasonable control, provided that the party experiencing the delay promptly notifies the other of the delay. 7.11 Remedies The parties stipulate that the legal remedies of any party in the event of any default or threatened default by the other party in the performance of or compliance with any of the terms of this Agreement are not and shall not be adequate, and that such terms may be specifically enforced by a decree for specific performance of any agreement contained herein or by an injunction against a violation of any of the terms of this Agreement or otherwise. Except as specifically provided in this Agreement, no remedies in this Agreement are exclusive of any other remedies but shall be cumulative and shall include all remedies available hereunder or under any other written agreement or in law or equity, including rights of offset. 7.12 Entire Agreement This Agreement constitutes the complete agreement between the parties and supersedes all previous agreements or representations, written or oral, with respect to the Products and services specified herein. This Agreement may not be modified or amended except in a writing signed by a duly authorized representative of each party. It is expressly agreed that any term and conditions of the VAR's purchase order shall be superseded by the terms and conditions of this Agreement. This Agreement shall also supersede the terms of any unsigned license agreement included in a package for Forte-furnished software. 7.13 Escrow Forte represents that it has deposited with an escrow agent copies of the source code and reasonable technical documentation for all the most recent versions of the Products licensed under the Agreement, pursuant to a Technology Escrow Agreement with such escrow agent, a copy of which has been provided to VAR. Upon VAR's execution of the instrument enrolling VAR as a party to the Technology Escrow Agreement attached as Exhibit G, VAR shall be entitled to receive a copy of the escrowed source code and documentation from the escrow agent in the event Forte becomes insolvent, is a party to a bankruptcy filing, ceases business operations generally or ceases to make available maintenance or support services for the then-current version of the licensed Product. Forte shall pay all relevant escrow fees to the escrow agent. In the event VAR receives the escrowed source code and documentation, VAR shall have the royalty-free, nonexclusive, perpetual right to use such source code solely for use in maintaining and supporting the licensed Products under the terms of this Agreement. All such source code, as delivered or modified, shall constitute Confidential Information of Forte for purposes of Section 7.1 of the Agreement, and VAR shall not disclose the source code or its modifications to others or permit others to copy the source code or modifications thereof. Forte shall update the deposited material within thirty (30) days after each major update to the licensed Product. Forte [*]= CERTAIN INFORMATION IN THIS EXHIBIT HAS BEEN OMITTED AND FILED SEPARATELY WITH THE COMMISSION. CONFIDENTIAL TREATMENT HAS BEEN REQUESTED WITH RESPECT TO THE OMITTED PORTIONS. acknowledges VAR's right to request and receive verification from the escrow agent (and/or Forte) confirmation that Forte has deposited source materials as obligated under this paragraph. [*]= CERTAIN INFORMATION IN THIS EXHIBIT HAS BEEN OMITTED AND FILED SEPARATELY WITH THE COMMISSION. CONFIDENTIAL TREATMENT HAS BEEN REQUESTED WITH RESPECT TO THE OMITTED PORTIONS. Exhibit A --------- Forte Software, Inc. ------------------- VAR Fees and Royalties ---------------------- 1. VAR License Fee. The parties agree that this Agreement supersedes the previous VAR agreement between the parties regarding distribution of the VAR Application. Forte acknowledges that VAR has previously paid all VAR license fees owed under such previous agreement. In consideration for payment of such license fees, the license to VAR pursuant to Section 2.1 is with respect to the following Products and components: Products -------- Forte Application Environment Forte Express Forte WebEnterprise (previously known as WebSDK) Components ---------- 5 Designated Developers Unlimited Client Environments Unlimited Server Environments Unlimited RDMBS Development Interfaces 1 Shared Repository 1 Documentation Set of Forte (both Hardcopy and CD ROM) 2. Additional Designated Developer and Other License Fees. The fee for ------------------------------------------------------ each additional Designated Developer license is [*]. Other items may be licensed for the fees set forth in the Price List. 3. Support Fees. Annual Support Fees for the license pursuant to Section 2.1 shall equal 18% of Forte's then-current Core System (as defined below) list price (currently $75,000). Annual Support Fees for Products or license components not listed in Section 1 above shall be the Support Fee then charged by Forte, multiplied by the then- current list price of the item acquired. 4. Sublicense Fees. Upon shipment of the VAR Application or invoicing of a Sublicensee for the license of the VAR Application, whichever occurs first, VAR agrees to pay Forte a Sublicense fee (due as described in the Agreement) as follows: a. Standard VAR Application Sublicenses. For each Standard VAR Application Sublicense (defined below) VAR agrees to pay Forte a Sublicense fee equal to: i) [*] of VAR's net license revenue from such Sublicense if the Sublicensee does not purchase a Full Use License (as defined in Section 3.1) for a Core System (as defined below) from Forte or VAR; or ii) [*] of VAR's net license revenue from such Sublicense if the Sublicensee purchases a Full Use Core System license (plus first year maintenance and support) directly from Forte or VAR prior to or simultaneously and in connection with the VAR Application license (i.e., a then-current Forte customer who does not buy a Core System license in connection with the VAR Application would not trigger this clause). b. Extended VAR Application Sublicenses. For each Extended VAR Application Sublicense (defined below) the following terms shall apply: [*]= CERTAIN INFORMATION IN THIS EXHIBIT HAS BEEN OMITTED AND FILED SEPARATELY WITH THE COMMISSION. CONFIDENTIAL TREATMENT HAS BEEN REQUESTED WITH RESPECT TO THE OMITTED PORTIONS. i) VAR shall pay Forte a Sublicense fee equal to [*] of VAR's net license revenue from such Sublicense, subject to paragraph iv below regarding Enterprise Customers; ii) the Sublicensee will be also be required to purchase at a minimum, one Full Use License for a Core System from Forte or VAR, which Forte agrees to provide at its then-current local list price, plus first year maintenance and support. This Full Use License is not required if the Sublicensee or a Delivery Partner has already acquired at least one Full Use License for a Core System and has unassigned Designated Developer seats sufficient for the applicable project. If the Sublicensee or Delivery Partner has already acquired a Core System license, but all Designated Developer seats have been assigned, the Sublicensee shall only be required to purchase additional Designated Developer licenses sufficient for the applicable project. Additional Designated Developer licenses, if needed, can be purchased by the Sublicensee, VAR and/or the Delivery Partner. If the Delivery Partner has a re-usable development license arrangement with Forte, additional development licenses could be obtained for the re-use fee due under that Delivery Partner's agreement with Forte. However, unless otherwise agreed by Forte and such Delivery Partner, such reusable development licenses are "project specific" and may not be used for non-VAR Application development. All additional Designated Developer licenses require the purchase of first year maintenance and support from Forte. iii) VAR shall not be required to obtain rights to include in the VAR Application and VAR Application-related functionality created by Sublicensees or their Delivery Partners, nor shall the Sublicensee be required to purchase Full Use and/or Runtime licenses to utilize any such new VAR Application-related functionality. Runtime licenses would, however, be required for a Sublicensee's deployment of functionality outside the scope of the VAR Application. iv) in the event VAR or a Distributor grants an Extended VAR Application Sublicense to any Enterprise Customer (defined below) during the initial three year term of this Agreement, Forte shall not be entitled to any Sublicense fees in connection with such VAR Application licenses; provided, however, that VAR shall remain liable to Forte for annual Technical Support fees for such Sublicenses on the terms set forth in Section 6 below as if such Sublicense fees had been paid to Forte. At the request of VAR, Forte shall provide information regarding a customer to indicate whether such customer is an Enterprise Customer. c. VAR Application Development System. For each Sublicense of a VAR Application Development System (defined below) VAR agrees to pay Forte a Sublicense fee [*] of VAR's net license revenue from such Sublicense. Each VAR Application Development System Sublicense will expressly state that it does not include a license to use the Products for development, and that Product licenses are available directly from Forte. d. Transaction-based or Account-based Sublicenses. For the initial three years of this Agreement, VAR shall have the right to enter into "Variable Fee" VAR Application Sublicenses under which VAR receives a recurring royalty from the Sublicensee based on the number of accounts or transactions serviced by the VAR Application. Such Variable Fee Sublicenses will have a maximum term of four years. Forte will receive a Sublicense fee equal to [*] of cash license fee collected from each such Variable Fee Sublicense for the entire term of each such Variable Fee Sublicense. On or before the expiration of such three year term, both companies will evaluate and discuss in good faith the appropriate revenue sharing and other terms for Variable Fee Sublicenses from then forward. e. Pre-paid Sublicense Fees. Forte acknowledges and agrees that VAR currently has a pre-paid Sublicense fee balance of [*], which may be applied dollar for dollar solely against Sublicense fees due Forte hereunder on Sublicenses of the VAR Application, but not Core Systems. 5. Definitions. a. "Standard VAR Application" means the current shipping standard release of the VAR Application which permits the performance of up to 90 person-days of initial development using the Products. Development performed without the Products (such as using the VAR Application Workflow editor, Non-Product generated scripts and tools, C++ programming language or any Java Software Development Environment) are not counted in the 90 days. [*]= CERTAIN INFORMATION IN THIS EXHIBIT HAS BEEN OMITTED AND FILED SEPARATELY WITH THE COMMISSION. CONFIDENTIAL TREATMENT HAS BEEN REQUESTED WITH RESPECT TO THE OMITTED PORTIONS. b. "Extended VAR Application" means the current shipping standard release of the VAR Application where more than 90 person-days of initial development using the Products will be performed. Development performed without the Products (such as using the VAR Application Workflow editor, Non-Product generated scripts and tools, C++ programming language or any Java Software Development Environment) is not counted in the 90 days. c. "VAR Application Development System" means a VAR Application licensed by VAR to its customers, global system integrator partners, and/or Delivery Partners, for end user development, training, demonstration, and/or vertical application development activities. Product Sublicenses pursuant to Section 3.1 are not deemed licenses of the VAR Application Development System. d. "Net license revenue" for Standard VAR Application, Extended VAR Application, and VAR Application Development System transactions means the net license fee amount invoiced to the applicable Sublicensee net of product returns and credits. For Variable Fee Sublicenses, it shall mean VAR's net cash receipts from the applicable Sublicensee. e. A "Core System" shall mean 1 Client Environment, 5 Designated Developers for the Forte Application Environment, 10 Runtime Users, 1 Server Environment, 1 Development Server, 1 RDBMS Interface, 1 Shared Repository, 1 Documentation Set on both hard-copy and CD-ROM, and 5 student days of training. f. "Enterprise Customer" is defined as a Forte customer which, simultaneously with or prior to Sublicensing the VAR Application from VAR, has obtained Full-Use Product licenses from Forte either (A) under a "site license" allowing use of unlimited quantities of Product licenses by such customer, or (B) in a single transaction following December 31, 1996 which included such customer's payment of at least [*] of recognizable license revenue to Forte and on which Forte and VAR worked together leading up to such single transaction. Up to once annually, VAR shall have the right to engage an independent accountant to audit the accounting books and records of Forte to verify whether a customer is an Enterprise Customer. 6. Full Use Licenses. a. For each Full Use License, VAR shall pay to Forte a "Full Use Sublicense Fee" equal to Forte's then-current Core System list price in the country or countries in which the Full Use Sublicense will be used. The current Forte Price List is attached hereto as Exhibit I. Full Use Sublicense Fees are due net 30 days from the Shipment Date of the applicable Core System Product. If VAR issues a written Full Use Sublicense quote and such quote is accepted by the applicable Sublicensee, for a period of ninety (90) days after the date of submission of the quote to the Sublicensee, the Full Use Sublicense Fee payable by VAR with respect to the Products identified in the quote shall be based on the Forte Price List in effect on such date. b. VAR is free to determine unilaterally the Full Use Sublicense Fees; provided that all Full Use Sublicenses shall otherwise comply with Forte's then current internal pricing and configuration guidelines. x. Xxxxx shall not be required to provide primary technical support to Sublicensees receiving a Full Use Sublicense in accordance with Section 3.2 of the Agreement with respect to use of the VAR Application; provided, however, that if such Sublicensee uses the Core System outside the scope of the VAR Application, such Sublicensee will be required to obtain and pay for technical support directly from Forte pursuant to a separate Support Agreement between Forte and the Sublicensee. VAR shall refer all support inquiries on projects outside the scope of the VAR Application to Forte. 7. Technical Support for Sublicenses. On September 1 of each year during the --------------------------------- term of this Agreement VAR shall pay Forte an annual technical support services fee [*] of the then current Cumulative Sublicense Fees (including Full Use Sublicense Fees) paid or owed by VAR attributable to all actively supported Sublicensees that have acquired annual technical support services for the VAR Application as of such date. 8. VAR/MCI Agreement. VAR acknowledges that on or around December 31, 1997 it ----------------- entered into an agreement with MCI Systemhouse ("MCI Agreement"). Within two months from the Effective Date of this Agreement, VAR agrees to allow Forte's counsel the one-time right to review (on VAR's premises) those portions of the MCI Agreement that are potentially relevant to the Products. Thereafter and for the term of this Agreement, VAR agrees ---------- [*]= CERTAIN INFORMATION IN THIS EXHIBIT HAS BEEN OMITTED AND FILED SEPARATELY WITH THE COMMISSION. CONFIDENTIAL TREATMENT HAS BEEN REQUESTED WITH RESPECT TO THE OMITTED PORTIONS. to allow Forte's counsel the right to review the "pre-payment" provisions of the MCI Agreement. Forte agrees that the MCI Agreement is VAR Confidential Information. 9. Joint Marketing and Seminars. The parties agree to engage in joint marketing ---------------------------- activities and to conduct joint seminars for prospective customers, pursuant to a program to be mutually defined and implemented by the parties. [*]= CERTAIN INFORMATION IN THIS EXHIBIT HAS BEEN OMITTED AND FILED SEPARATELY WITH THE COMMISSION. CONFIDENTIAL TREATMENT HAS BEEN REQUESTED WITH RESPECT TO THE OMITTED PORTIONS. Exhibit B --------- Order Form ---------- [*]= CERTAIN INFORMATION IN THIS EXHIBIT HAS BEEN OMITTED AND FILED SEPARATELY WITH THE COMMISSION. CONFIDENTIAL TREATMENT HAS BEEN REQUESTED WITH RESPECT TO THE OMITTED PORTIONS. This order is placed subject to the terms and conditions of the Value-Added Reseller License and Services Agreement dated:______. The Effective Date of this Order Form is:______________. Executed by VAR Executed by Forte Software, Inc. Signature:_________________________________ Signature:_____________________________________ Name:______________________________________ Name:__________________________________________ Title:_____________________________________ Title:_________________________________________ Exhibit C --------- VAR Application Description --------------------------- The VAR Application is VAR's CCS product, as described below. I. CHORDIANT CCS PRODUCT DESCRIPTION Chordiant CCS - Customer Communications Solution(TM) - integrates customer communications points and customer facing applications with legacy databases, the web server, email/fax systems, telephony systems and existing business critical applications to create an enterprise-wide solutions serving multiple business units and customer types. Chordiant CCS(TM) includes a set of applications, business services, distributed workflow engine called "Workflow Sequencing Object Processing - WSOP(TM)", and system services, interfaces and data management. The Chordiant CCS(TM) 1.4 and 1.5 releases are packaged and delivered as a system which includes the Chordiant CCS ChorApps(TM), Chordiant CCS ChorObjects(TM), and Chordiant CCS ChorServices(TM). The ChorObjects(TM) and ChorServices(TM) are also referenced as the Chordiant CCS Foundation System. Chordiant CCS ChorApps(TM) (Applications) consist of the customer facing applications, business management applications, operational management applications, system administration and a variety of self-serve applications designed for integration with web sites and telephony devices. Chordiant CCS(TM) applications are dynamically created at time of customer inquiry and transaction based on the customer profile and request; applicable customer and business processes; together with the supporting business services and customer data. The dynamic ability to create applications is called P3 Active(TM) and is a result of technology provided by the Chordiant CCS Workflow Sequencing Object Processing(TM) (WSOP(TM)) system. Chordiant CCS(TM) applications are role-based and cover all the functionality required by the CR (Customer Representative) for customer information, service, marketing and selling functions; the Business Analyst/Management for defining and managing business processes, workflows and transactions; Marketing Management for management of campaigns, offerings and customer information; and the call center Operational Management for data maintenance, center operations, human resource scheduling, and system administration. Chordiant applications are workflow driven and are built from the hundreds of business services and objects provided in Chordiant CCS(TM), along with third party services provided by Chordiant's customers, system integration partners and technology partners. Chordiant CCS ChorObjects(TM) (Business Services, Objects and Workflow system) contains the business objects integrating your best customer and business practices together with the WSOP(TM) system, workflow components, workflow management, a workflow editor and management functions. This layer provides the rich set of business objects that are common across industries which when attributed and data enabled for a particular company reflect the company's specific customer and business processes, policies and transactions. Chordiant CCS ChorServices(TM) provides the business services to create the IT infrastructure for Chordiant CCS(TM) and to provide connectivity to telephony systems, internet, data networks, data base systems and transaction systems. ChorServices(TM) provides the services enabling customer communications; data access, management and routing; access and data interfaces to enterprise legacy and transaction systems and the ability to create customer interfaces into third-party applications and systems to enable financial transactions, order processing, billing, payment and other financial and business services. The ChorServices(TM) commonly integrate and communicate with a customer's telephony equipment, web servers, other application servers, legacy systems and transactional applications systems. [*]= CERTAIN INFORMATION IN THIS EXHIBIT HAS BEEN OMITTED AND FILED SEPARATELY WITH THE COMMISSION. CONFIDENTIAL TREATMENT HAS BEEN REQUESTED WITH RESPECT TO THE OMITTED PORTIONS. EXHIBIT D CHORDIANT CCS - RELEASE 1.5 NORTH AMERICA PRICE LIST License Fees End-User License ---------------------------------------------------- Product Description Required Optional -------------------------------------------------------------------------------------------------------------------- Chordiant CCS Foundation (Notes 1, 3) $900,000 . Chordiant CCS ChorObjects (Business Services) . Chordiant CCS ChorServices (System Services) Includes these Components: . Server Platform . Telephony and Communications Platform . Database Management Platform . Electronic Gateways Distributed Service Centers Deployment Option (Note2) . First Additional Center $375,000 . Second & Subsequent Additional Centers $187,500 Additional Components (Note 2) . Server Platform $ 25,000 . Telephony Platform $ 50,000 . Database Platform $ 25,000 . CHORDIANT CCS - RELEASE 1.5 NORTH AMERICA PRICE LIST License Fees Global System Integrator License (GSI) -------------------------------------------------- Product Description Required Optional -------------------------------------------------------------------------------------------------------------------- Chordiant CCS Development System for GSI Centers (Note 4) $550,000 . Chordiant CCS ChorObjects (Business Services) . Chordiant CCS ChorServices (System Services) Includes these Components: . Client Platform . Server Platform . Telephony and Communications Platform . Database Management Platform . Electronic Gateways . Chordiant CCS Delivery Model (Note 5) . Chordiant CCS Developer Training Includes one developer training class for 10 developers GSI Distributed Service Centers Deployment Option (Note 6) . First Additional GSI Center $300,000 . CHORDIANT CCS - RELEASE 1.5 NORTH AMERICA PRICE LIST Description of Services Service Fees Chordiant CCS Annual Maintenance and Support (Note 7) . Premier End-User Support for Chordiant CCS 25% of Chordiant CCS Product License Fee Product License Fee (12 Months of 7 Days x 24 hours support) . Standard End-User Support for Chordiant CCS 20% of Chordiant CCS Standard Product Product License Fee (12 Months of Monday - Friday, 24 hours support) . Developer Support for Chordiant CCS $14,000. Per Client License Development System Support - 12 Months . Developer Support for Chordiant CCS $ 8,500. Per Client License Development System Support - 6 Months ------------------------------------------------------------------------------------------------------------------------------ Chordiant CCS Professional Services . Chordiant Systems Integration Quote . Chordiant Installation and Deployment Quote . Chordiant Application Consulting Quote . Chordiant Business Analysis Consulting Quote . Chordiant Development Facility Use $ 2,500 Per Day, Per Seat ------------------------------------------------------------------------------------------------------------------------------ Chordiant Gold Team Assessment Service . Chordiant Gold Team Assessment $80,000 Per Engagement ------------------------------------------------------------------------------------------------------------------------------ Chordiant CCS University (Note 3) . CCS Enablement Training $ 500 Per Day, Per Student . CCS User Training $ 325 Per Day, Per Student ------------------------------------------------------------------------------------------------------------------------------ Chordiant CCS Documentation . Complete Documentation Sets (Additional) $ 1,000 Each . Single Library Set $ 500 Each . Single Book $ 150 Each ------------------------------------------------------------------------------------------------------------------------------ 10. CHORDIANT CCS - RELEASE 1.5 NORTH AMERICA PRICE LIST PRICE LIST NOTES: 1. License Fees for Chordiant CCS Foundation and Chordiant CCS Applications Chordiant CCS Foundation is licensed for a single customer service center and a single development site within one corporate subsidiary and/or business unit. Chordiant CCS Foundation includes; ChorServices and ChorObjects and one license of the telephony, database and web/electronic services components. Each corporate subsidiary and/or business unit is required to license a complete Chordiant CCS Foundation and Reference Application license. 2. License Fees for Additional Service Center Sites Additional license(s) for second and subsequent Distributed Service Center Sites are required within a single corporate subsidiary and/or business unit where users in those sites are accessing Chordiant CCS. 3. Chordiant CCS End-User Development Tools Chordiant CCS 1.5 includes development tools for End-User development purposes. Chordiant CCS 1.5 includes the Chordiant CCS Workflow Editor, Chordiant CCS Business Services, Chordiant CCS Reference Applications and one copy of the Forte TOOL development system. Additional licenses and copies of Forte TOOL Development System and Tools are available directly from Forte Software. 4. License Fees for Chordiant CCS Development System for GSI Partners Chordiant CCS Development System License for Chordiant contracted Global System Integrator (GSI) partners is a single development center site license in support of the GSI Partner's training, demonstration and vertical application development activities. This license is not applicable to end- user development work, end-user development projects require the Chordiant CCS End-User Development System product and license. The development system software includes one copy of the Chordiant CCS supported client, server, telephony and database objects and one electronics services facility. The Forte Development System and Tools are not included with the Chordiant CCS Development System. The Forte Development System and Tools is available directly from Forte Software. 5. License of Chordiant CCS Delivery Model Chordiant CCS GSI Development System and license for use on the specified end-user development project only. 6. License Fees for Additional GSI Development Center Sites License(s) for additional GSI Development Center Sites where Chordiant CCS Development System is deployed to serve the GSI Partner's training, demonstration and vertical application development activities. 11. This license(s) is not applicable to end-user development work, end-user development projects require the Chordiant CCS End-User Development System product and license. 7. Chordiant CCS Annual Maintenance and Support Chordiant CCS Annual Maintenance and Support services are provided and billed on an annual basis under separate agreement. 8. Chordiant CCS University Training Classes The indicated fees apply to Chordiant CCS training conducted at Chordiant Software, Inc. Chordiant CCS University in Cupertino, California. Training at client locations can be made available by arrangement. 9. North America and International Price Lists This Price List is for use with customers and partners in North America. See our international price list for regions outside of North America. 12. CHORDIANT CCS - RELEASE 1.5 INTERNATIONAL PRICE LIST License Fees (U.S. Dollars) End-User License -------------------------------------------------- Product Description Required Optional -------------------------------------------------------------------------------------------------------------------- Chordiant CCS Foundation (Notes 1, 3) $1,350,000 . Chordiant CCS ChorObjects (Business Services) . Chordiant CCS ChorServices (System Services) Includes these Components: . Server Platform . Telephony Platform . Database Platform . Electronic Gateways Distributed Service Centers Deployment Option (Note2) . First Additional Center $562,500 . Second & Subsequent Additional Centers $281,250 Additional Components (Note 2) . Server Platform $ 37,500 . Telephony Platform $ 75,000 . Database Platform $ 37,500 . Electronic Gateways $ 75,000 -------------------------------------------------------------------------------------------------------------------- Chordiant CCS ChorApps (Reference Applications) (Note 1) $ 900,000 -------------------------------------------------------------------------------------------------------------------- Chordiant CCS Runtime Client Licenses 1 - 50 $ 1,625 51 - 100 $ 1,475 101- 200 $ 1.325 201- 500 $ 1,150 501 - 1,000 $ 1,075 1,001 - 2,000 $ 1,000 -------------------------------------------------------------------------------------------------------------------- 13. CHORDIANT CCS - RELEASE 1.5 INTERNATIONAL PRICE LIST Service Fees Description of Services (U.S. Dollars) ------------------------------------------------------------------------------------------------------------------------------ Chordiant CCS Annual Maintenance and Support (Note 7) . Premier End-User Support for Chordiant CCS 25% of Chordiant CCS Standard Product Product License Fee (12 Months of 7 Days x 24 hours support) . Standard End-User Support for Chordiant CCS 20% of Chordiant CCS Standard Product Product License Fee (12 Months of Monday - Friday, 24 hours support) . Developer Support for Chordiant CCS $18,000 Per Client License Development System Support - 12 Months . Developer Support for Chordiant CCS $11,250 Per Client License Development System Support - 6 Months ------------------------------------------------------------------------------------------------------------------------------ Chordiant CCS Professional Services . Chordiant Systems Integration Quote . Chordiant Installation and Deployment Quote . Chordiant Application Consulting Quote . Chordiant Business Analysis Consulting Quote . Chordiant Development Facility Use $ 2,500 Per Day, Per Seat ------------------------------------------------------------------------------------------------------------------------------ Chordiant Gold Team Assessment Service . Chordiant Gold Team Assessment $80,000 Per Engagement ------------------------------------------------------------------------------------------------------------------------------ Chordiant CCS University (Note 5) . CCS Enablement Training $ 500 Per Day, Per Student . CCS User Training $ 400 Per Day, Per Student ------------------------------------------------------------------------------------------------------------------------------ Chordiant CCS Documentation . Complete Documentation Sets (Additional) $ 1,200 Each . Single Library Set $ 500 Each . Single Book $ 150 Each ------------------------------------------------------------------------------------------------------------------------------ 14. CHORDIANT CCS - RELEASE 1.5 INTERNATIONAL PRICE LIST PRICE LIST NOTES: 1. License Fees for Chordiant CCS Foundation and Chordiant CCS Applications Chordiant CCS Foundation is licensed for a single customer service center and a single development site within one corporate subsidiary and/or business unit. Chordiant CCS Foundation includes; ChorServices and ChorObjects and one license of the telephony, database and web/electronic services components. Each corporate subsidiary and/or business unit is required to license a complete Chordiant CCS Foundation and Reference Application license. 2. License Fees for Additional Service Center Sites Additional license(s) for second and subsequent Distributed Service Center Sites are required within a single corporate subsidiary and/or business unit where users in those sites are accessing Chordiant CCS. 3. Chordiant CCS End-User Development Tools Chordiant CCS 1.5 includes development tools for End-User development purposes. Chordiant CCS 1.5 includes the Chordiant CCS Workflow Editor, Chordiant CCS Business Services, Chordiant CCS Reference Applications and one copy of the Forte TOOL development system. Additional licenses and copies of Forte TOOL Development System and Tools are available directly from Forte Software. 4. Chordiant CCS Annual Maintenance and Support Chordiant CCS Annual Maintenance and Support services are provided and billed on an annual basis under separate agreement. 5. Chordiant CCS University Training Classes The indicated fees apply to Chordiant CCS mining conducted at Chordiant Soft, rare, Inc. Chordiant CCS University in London, England and Cupertino, California. Training at client locations can be made available by arrangement. 6. International Price List This Price List is for use with customers and partners in Europe, Middle- East, Africa, South America, Pacific Rim and Asia regions. All prices are in U.S. Dollars. 15. Runtime Server Pricing To use these charts, find the number of concurrent users at runtime and then read down the column to find the runtime server pricing. This gives sites great flexibility for satisfying their server needs. For example, for 500 users, the Initial Server Runtime Charge licenses the site for up to 10 servers at an Initial Runtime Server Charge of $150,000. The customer has the option of implementing their system as a single, large server or up to 10 different servers -- all for the same price. Additional servers licenses for this site, beyond the included 10 Servers, are available for $8,000 per Runtime Server. For sites with greater than 1,000 users, the Initial Runtime Server Charge is $15,000 per 50 Runtime Users. For sites with 1000 users, the site is licensed for up to 20 servers at an Initial Server Charge of $300,000. For every additional 50 Runtime Users, the site is authorized for an additional Runtime Server. Sites with greater than the number of servers covered by the Initial Server Charge must purchase licenses for the additional servers at $8,000 per server. Note: Each Runtime Server License includes: . Right-to-copy server runtime license . Right-to-copy database runtime licenses . Right-to-copy network protocols 16. Basic Guidelines 1. Each separate development site must buy a Core System. 2. For each different platform used for deployment, at least one such development environment must be purchased. 3. Developers are "designated licenses", not "concurrent licenses". See definition of Forte Developer License. 4. The server development license included in the Core System is for development only. If the same machine will be used for deployment, Runtime Server licenses are required (per Runtime Server matrix). 5. Volume discounts on Developers and Runtime Users are only available when purchased as part of a single order. For example, if a customer purchases 200 concurrent Runtime User licenses and two years later wants to purchase another 200 Runtime User licenses, the second 200 Runtime Users would not qualify for the next highest discount rate. 6. International Uplift can be waived on deployment licenses that will be ---------- deployed outside the U.S. and Canada but will be supported internally by the customer's U.S. or Canadian support organization and Forte's U.S. tech support group. Support & Maintenance 1. Telephone support and on-going product maintenance are 18% of the list price of the product(s). Support and maintenance charges are due in advance, annually. 2. Contact with Forte telephone support must be made through one of three designated support contacts. 17. Exhibit E --------- Sublicense Agreement Required Provisions ---------------------------------------- Each Sublicense agreement shall refrain from making any warranty on Forte's behalf, and shall include, at a minimum, contractual provisions which: 1) Except for a Full Use License or where such a restriction is not permitted by applicable law, prohibit use of the Products except in connection with the Sublicensee's use of the VAR Application. 2) Prohibit duplication (beyond the number of licensed copies) of the Products except for temporary transfer in the event of CPU malfunction and a reasonable number of backup or archival copies. 3) Prohibit timesharing, except for transaction-based or account-based Sublicenses as permitted under Section 4(d) of Exhibit A; or rental of the Products. 4) Prohibit reverse engineering, disassembly, decompilation, or other attempt to derive source code of the Products, except and as to the extent permitted by applicable law. 5) Prevent title from passing to the Sublicensee. 6) To the extent legally possible, disclaim Forte's liability for any indirect, incidental, or consequential damages arising from the use of the Products. 7) Require the Sublicensee, at the termination of the Sublicense, to discontinue use and destroy or return to the VAR the Products, Documentation and all archival or other copies of the Product except for a reasonable number of archival copies. 8) Require the Sublicensee to comply fully with all relevant export laws and regulations of the United States and of other countries in which the Products will be used to assure that neither the Products, not any direct product thereof, are exported, directly or indirectly, in violation of United States or other applicable law. 9) Allow VAR to audit the Sublicensees use of the VAR Application and the Products. 10) Allow VAR to comply with Section 3.1 (l) of this Agreement. [*]= CERTAIN INFORMATION IN THIS EXHIBIT HAS BEEN OMITTED AND FILED SEPARATELY WITH THE COMMISSION. CONFIDENTIAL TREATMENT HAS BEEN REQUESTED WITH RESPECT TO THE OMITTED PORTIONS. Exhibit F --------- Forte Technical Support Users Guide ----------------------------------- [*]= CERTAIN INFORMATION IN THIS EXHIBIT HAS BEEN OMITTED AND FILED SEPARATELY WITH THE COMMISSION. CONFIDENTIAL TREATMENT HAS BEEN REQUESTED WITH RESPECT TO THE OMITTED PORTIONS. FORTE TECHNICAL SUPPORT USER'S GUIDE 1. Table of Contents Welcome to Forte Technical Support................. 3 How to Register for Technical Support......... 3 Your Technical Contacts....................... 3 How to Reach Technical Support................ 4 How to Change License Information............. 4 Types of Assistance Offered........................ 4 Problem Description/Troubleshooting........... 5 Support Limitations........................... 5 How To Make A Support Call......................... 6 Before You Call............................... 6 Describing the Problem........................ 6 Making the Call............................... 7 Call Tracking System.......................... 7 Modem Access.................................. 8 How Forte Resolves your Call....................... 8 Call Ranking and Response Time................ 8 Calling Us Back............................... 10 Call Escalation............................... 10 Call Resolution............................... 11 Making Test Cases............................. 11 Fixing a Defect............................... 11 Release Management Process.................... 12 Feedback on the Quality of Technical Support.. 12 Other Forte Services Offered....................... 12 Training...................................... 12 Consulting.................................... 13 Documentation................................. 13 Special Interface Projects.................... 14 Ordering more copies.......................... 14 Appendix Forte Technical Support Call Log Form Forte Technical Support Registration Form Forte Sales Office Locations - USA Forte Sales Office Locations - International 2. EXHIBIT F FORTE TECHNICAL SUPPORT USER'S GUIDE Welcome to Forte Technical Support At Forte, we believe that service, technical support, training, and consulting are just as important as the features and functions you receive when you purchase our software products. We can provide you with a spectrum of support--when you need it, whom you need it, and in the format that best suits your requirements. This guide provides you with everything you need to know about Forte Technical Support. How to Register for Technical Support Once you have purchased a support agreement from Forte, you will need to fill out a Technical Support Registration form and fax it to us at 510-869- 2010. This form provides us with the details of your site and the names of the personnel you have authorized to call Technical Support. This is where you will list your Primary Technical Contact (see below). This form is included in the appendix of this booklet and another form will be mailed to you after you purchase support, Your Technical Contacts You should designate one primary technical contact and two backup contacts for each Forte license. The primary contact is the focal point for contact with Forte Technical Support as well as internal support within your organization. This person should: . Be your Forte expert . Have the opportunity to gain Forte expertise over a wide range of uses . Be able to determine whether a particular issue should be referred to Forte Technical Support . Be accessible to all Forte users within your organization . Be able to provide timely response Each backup contact should be a co-worker of the primary technical contact, he at the same location, and be able to perform these duties in the absence of the primary contact. We feel it is essential that the primary and backup technical contacts (and preferably all Forte users) complete the full recommended Forte Training as outlined in the Forte Education Brochure. 3. The ability of your primary or backup contact to communicate effectively with Forte Technical Support will ultimately determine how effective our service is for your organization. These arrangements ensure your organization has information on, and control of your important technical relationship with Forte. When you contact Forte, we know you have already cried to resolve the issue and see the issue as important to your organization. How to Reach Technical Support Technical Support Hotline (000) 000-0000 The Technical Support Center is available from 8:00 a.m. to 6:00 p.m. Pacific time Monday through Friday, excluding United States public holidays. You will speak to a Technical Support dispatcher, who will take your call details and the initial problem description. The dispatcher will also tell you your call number and your call will then be transferred to a Technical Support Specialist, if one is available. If you call during a time when the Support Center is not available, you will be prompted to leave us voicemail and your call will be logged when the Support Center opens in the morning. Fax Number (000) 000-0000 This is the fax number for Forte Technical Support in case we require you to fax us some information about your problem. We recommend that you fax this information to us after you have called the Technical Support Hotline and received a call reference number, which you should include on the fax. Internet Address xxxxxxx@xxxxx.xxx This is the interact address for Forte Technical Support should you decide to e-mail your question rather than use the telephone. If you send us a question via e-mail, your Forte call number will be e-mailed back to you. Please note that Forte provides an Internet Call Form on your product release media. Please complete the form with as much detail as possible so that we will have enough information to begin working on your call. How to Change License Information If you move, change phone numbers, or have personnel changes relating to your designated Technical Support contacts, please let us know so we can update our database. To make any changes, call Forte Technical Support and give us the new information. We will update the customer database and inform the other Forte department. Types of Assistance Offered 4. Technical Support provides the following assistance to Forte licensees related to their use of the current release of the licensed software, and subject to the terms and conditions in the Forte Software License and Services Agreement. Assistance Provided Task Performed ----------------------------------- --------------------------------------------------------- Problem Determination Analyze error messages. Identify and isolate the source of the problem. Provide technical information and technical status on open problems. Problem Resolution and Recovery Provide problem workarounds. Assistance Provide advice and guidance for operating system environment workaround. Escalate problem for immediate or scheduled fix. Product Usage Questions Assist with the configuration of your operating system environment related to Forte. Product operation or functionality issues. Provide current release information such as Compatibility, enhancements, fixes, and any restrictions. Answering "product usage questions" may be limited to 30 minutes if we feel the questions could be answered by having the caller attend the relevant Forte training course. However, this time limit might be extended if the Support Center personnel have the time available, More extensive assistance for these questions is available by purchasing Forte Consulting (see section titled Other Forte Services for details). Problem Description/Troubleshooting Because the information you provide to Technical Support is vital to the process of problem resolution, it is important that you have prepared the problem description and supporting data, and reproduced the symptoms in a simple form. Forte Technical Support expects you to make a reasonable attempt to verify the error in your environment. We will always ask for the full error number that occurs; other common information that we will ask for depends on the nature of the problem. Support Limitations . We do not support Forte on uncertified hardware, compilers, or operating systems, We will talk to you about any problems you have, especially when it comes to using a new operating system. However, we do not guarantee Forte will work in environments other than those we explicitly support. 5. . We only support Forte software products. For instance, we do not support your computer's operating system. If you need help doing something on your operating system, you need to speak to whomever supports it. . We will not debug your application code, or application code that you have gotten from someone else. This restriction applies to third party software, software written by consultants, and so forth. If you believe you have run into a defect in a Forte software product, you need to establish that the problem lies in our Software. . We do not provide free training or consulting, although we do offer them as optional purchases. We can answer simple how-to questions and we can talk to you about other topics to a limited extent, but we will not answer questions such as "flow do I design my Forte application?" . We support techniques or workarounds given to you by members of Forte Technical Support, unless we tell you explicitly that they are unsupported. We can talk to you about workarounds given to you by others, including other Forte employees, and if them is a problem, we can help you to understand the cause, However, we cannot guarantee that using these workarounds will not cause other problems. How To Make A Support Call If you are using Forte Technical Support for the first time, you will find this section particularly useful. Please read it carefully so you will feel comfortable with the process we use to assist you. We advise you to keep a copy of your license and have your customer number available, in case you are asked for it when calling Technical Support. Before You Call Before you call for technical support, take a few minutes to gather The information you'll need to give the Forte Technical Support Specialist who takes your call. If you don't have the information, the resolution of your problem might be delayed. Describing the Problem Make some notes about the problem you are having. If possible, note the sequence of events leading up to the problem. Here are some questions to get you started: . What were you trying to accomplish? . What did you do? What commands did you enter? Provide exact syntax if possible. . What did you expect to happen? . What happened instead? Please provide exact syntax. 6. . Why do you think this is a problem with Forte?. . What have you tried to do to correct or understand this problem? . If your screen displayed any error messages, what xxxx they? Note the error number first then the error text, . Which manuals did you consult? Titles, publication dates, versions, and page numbers are important. Making the Call Now you are ready to call Forte Technical Support. This section describes how your call is handled. 1. The Technical Support dispatcher first asks you whether your call is new or a follow, up to a previous call. . If it is a follow-up call, give the dispatcher your call reference number. He or she attempts to connect you to the person working on the call. . If it is a new call, the dispatcher enters your name into our call tracking system, You might be asked to confirm your operating system, Forte version, or other relevant information about your site. 2. As you describe your issue or question, the dispatcher enters the details into our call tracking system. If you encountered error messages, plebe tell the dispatcher the error number first and the error message text, so that ii can be entered correctly. 3. The dispatcher discusses the impact of the problem and asks you to help determine an appropriate priority for your call. Call priority is outlined in detail in the section rifled How Forte Resolves Your Call. 4. The dispatcher tells you your call number and either connects you directly with a Technical Support Specialist, or gives you the timeframe during which you should expect a call back. All this usually takes only a few minutes. While you are on the phone with the dispatcher, please use your Forte Technical Support Call Log Form (locked in the Appendix) to record the details of your question and call number for your own reference. Call Tracking System Forte's call tracking system tracks information about each customer call. Afar verifying your customer information, the dispatcher enters the problem information into the system. From then on any of our Technical Support Specialists or dispatchers can view: 7. . A permanent record of your initial problem statement . Details of subsequent research carried out . Detail of further communication with you . The current status of your call Modem Access We recommend that our customers provide us with modem access to their machines. This access, with the ability to transmit the troublesome code to Forte machines, can speed up the resolution of the problem. How Forte Resolves your Call After speaking with you, the Technical Support Specialist establishes if the problem is: . the result of a Forte product error . the result of a user type error . a product usage question We might ask you to send us a test case to assist in the diagnosis. If the problem is identified as being the result of a Forte product error, the test case and the diagnostic notes are immediately sent to Forte Engineering. Call Ranking and Response Time Forte Technical Support prioritizes calls based on the urgency of need, We have three ranking: of calls: Standard (Rank 3), Time Critical (Rank 2) and Emergency (Rank 1). Calls generally arise from two very different kinds of situations: . One or more programmers experience a problem during the application development process. . An established production installation suddenly loses some or all of its functionality, threatening data integrity or data access. Problems at production installations usually take top priority, but not always. The problems a team of programmers encounters during a development could conceivably outweigh the problems a single user encounters in a production environment. Please assist us by letting us know the impact of the problem on your business and inform us of what you think the priority should be. Response time goals are listed for each priority of call, but if a Technical Support Specialist is available at the time of your call, we will try to respond immediately. 8. Standard Calls (Rank 3) Standard calls generally occur while using Forte during development, including "what if" and "how to" questions. The product Software is usable, but one or more functions might not operate as you expected. The problem may be one related to understanding Forte features or documentation. If a workaround exists, it is comparatively easy for you to implement. A production example of a Rank 3: The workstation for one of many end users is failing to properly redraw the screen A development example of a Rank 3: A programmer needs help understanding syntax errors encountered while developing an application. The "save" option does not work, and the workaround is to use the "save as" option. Our response time goal for Rank 3 calls is 24 business hours. Time Critical Calls (Rank 2) In time critical calls, the product software is usable, but functionality is degraded or restricted. In the case of production systems, the applications and some Forte modules remain usable, but the use of the production application itself is restricted. In the case of development systems, Forte and the development applications are unusable, or inaccessible. If a work, around exists, it is somewhat inconvenient to implement and will not be sufficient for the long term. A production example of a Rank 2: You can use parts of the production application and parts of the Forte product. A development example of a Rank 2: Development has been reduced to a minimum due to problems with the Forte development environment Our response time goal for Rank 2 calls is eight (8) business hours. Emergency Calls (Rank 1) Emergency calls take the highest priority. These are urgent cases where immediate he{p is needed. The production software is totally or partially inoperative, and the inability to use the software has a critical impact on your production operations. If there are known workarounds, they would be quite costly to implement. A production example of a Rank 1: 9. Your financial transaction system is inoperable. A development example of a Rank 1: Your development environment is totally corrupted, thus placing critical short term projects in jeopardy. Our response time goal for Rank I calls is four (4) business hours. However, we will make every effort to respond immediately. NOTE: In a Rank I situation, the first actions taken by the Technical Support Specialist, in agreement with you, are to judge whether the most critical action is to get the system up and working. If both parties agree that getting the system up and working is the top priority, be aware that you might lose diagnostic information that could help establish the cause of the problem, thus making the process of determining the cause more difficult. In the event that this diagnostic information is lost, Forte Technical Support will still make reasonable efforts to help you to determine the cause of the problem. If You and the Technical Support Specialist agree that there is time to collect the diagnostic information, this action will be carried out immediately. Calling Us Back Although we make every effort to keep you updated about the progress of your call, we also invite you to call to get the latest information and status. When you return a call to Forte Technical Support, please give us your call number so that we can retrieve your call status, If your call has changed in priority, please let us know so your call can be upgraded. If you have been able to solve the problem on your own, and the call can be closed, we would appreciate that information, tool. Call Escalation When a call is not being fixed within the agreed-upon time frame, the Director of Services and Support can activate the following procedure: . Assign sufficient skilled personnel to investigate the problem. . Notify senior Forte personnel that the error has been reported and that the escalation procedure has been activated. Technical Support will notify the relevant Forte Sales Representative, Sales Manager, and senior Pre-sales Representative, and will work with these people to ensure that a business focus as well as a technical focus is maintained until the error is brought under control. . Work with the customer to build an action plan to resolve the issues. During the period of the escalation Forte will provide regular updates to the customer at both a management and a technical level. 10. Call Resolution We close a call when we have confirmed with you that the call is resolved. A call is considered resolved when: . The problem is known not to recur or the defect has been rectified. . The apparent problem has been found to not really exist -- a misunderstanding or short term difficulty has ceased m exist. . The call occurred because of user inexperience and this is in the process of being rectified. In this instance. Forte strongly recommends the user attend the appropriate Font Training course, Making Test Cases In the process of diagnosing your problem, you might need to create a test case, especially if you think you have found a defect in our product. Please make the test case as small as possible and design it for portability. A test case should not include an entire application. It should be a subset of the application code -- for example, five to fifty lines -- and contain a small amount of data. In the come of narrowing down the problem, you isolate the code that causes the defect and you might realize that the problem is not a defect, but rather user error. When the Technical Support Specialist reports to Forte Engineering, the test case helps to ensure that when a fix is made, the fix will address your specific problem. Any changes to our code will be tested against your test case, Fixing a Defect Should a defect occur in a release, Forte will attempt to find a workaround for the problem. If a workaround exists, we will supply it immediately, The defect will be logged to the attention of Engineering and we will request that a fix be made in the next new feature production release, maintenance release, or customized emergency patch. When requesting a fix from Engineering, the Technical Support Specialist may ask you for help with certain information, such as: . How docs the defect affect your site? . What turnaround time do you request for the fix? . Have you tried all suggested workarounds, and if so, have they proven to be to difficult to implement? 11. This information ensures that Engineering understands the impact on customer business, as well as the technical nature of the problem. Out Engineering resources can then be allocated on a priority basis. If you should discover a defect of a "showstopper" type and a workaround is not available, we can "emergency patch" the codeline for your site, Due to time constrains, this patch will undergo minimal testing, but it will be tested against your submitted test case to ensure that it meets your requirements. This patch will also be made available to or. her customers who have experienced the same reported problem. Release Management Process Forte's product plan provides for a new feature product release every 15 months or so, with a maintenance release in between. With this schedule, a great deal of dine and effort goes into testing for product quality. Therefore, it is our policy to emergency patch the codeline as little as possible, since required changes will normally be made in the maintenance and new feature releases, which are then made available to our full customer base. It is important that you understand the release model outlined above, and use it in the planning of your own application development schedules. You should plan to do some level of testing as early as possible before each maintenance or new feature production release. You need to work proactively with Forte Technical Support to ensure that your issues are raised and fixed within a timeframe that allows them to be incorporated into the new release schedule. In this way, we can work together to ensure your success. Feedback on the Quality of Technical Support The management and staff of the Forte Technical Support Center are committed to providing you with world class quality and responsive service. We are always interested in meeting your needs and expectations. Your suggestions for enhancing the function and effectiveness of our service are always welcome. Any comments or suggestions may be sent to the Director of Customer Services and Support or to your local sales representative. Other Forte Services Offered There are other services that Forte can provide to complement Forte Technical Support. If you would like to order any of these services or need additional information about them, please contact your local Forte Sales Office. Training The Education Services group provides Forte users with an ever-expanding range of instruction. Classes are taught at our training centers or at customer locations. Course descriptions and current schedules are available by calling the Training Registrar at: 12. (000) 000-0000 or by calling your Forte sales office. Consulting Forte provides a number of on-site consulting services. In addition, Forte works closely with many integrator companies who are skilled in providing Forte application development services. Our consulting staff can assist you directly or in conjunction with an integrator. We offer product installation, a range of quality assurance services, technical product consulting, and Forte performance tuning, all of which are designed to help you achieve success in your system development projects. The Forte Consulting group can also provide specialist services and on-site technical product consulting as a partner of both the integrator and your organization. The benefits of using Forte Consulting Services are: . We provide you with an independent, experienced evaluation of your application architecture and system design to ensure that your business objectives are achieved by: . Correcting design problems prior to major system development to reduce costs and development time, and increase flexibility. . Evaluating your design techniques and approaches. Our consultants can offer ideas that might not have been considered. . We ask the "hard" questions and raise issues which might be difficult for your project team m address, While you retain the responsibility for the ultimate decision, alternative recommendations provide a basis for resolution. . We recommend design techniques for improving performance, flexibility, and productivity. . We assist your management with strategic planning as well as technical direction. . We provide on-the-job knowledge transfer to your staff by working with you on design problems. This type of training enhances the current project and the techniques you learn will be valuable in future design efforts. To discuss how Forte Consulting can help you, please contact your Forte Sales Office or the Director of Services and Support. We will discuss your requirements and develop a "deliverables schedule/" /to meet your objectives. Documentation 13. The Forte Technical Publications group, which is part of our Engineering organization, writes and publishes all documentation manuals which are distributed with the product. Problems with documentation and suggestions to improve the manual set can be addressed to Forte Technical Support. If you need more copies of any Forte documentation or want pricing information, please contact your local Forte Sales office. Forte Manuals Forte has an ever-expanding list of product manuals. The manuals currently available are: . Accessing Databases . A Guide to the Forte Workshops . Building International Applications . Display Library . Forte Installation Guide . Framework Library . Integrating with External Systems . System Management Guide . SystemMonitor Library . TOOL Reference Manual . Using Forte Express (available in early 1996) Special Interface Projects Our experienced specialists can help you with any Forte specific technical issues not covered in the services outlined above. If you require a special Forte interface for your site, or other specialized assistance with Forte we can help. For more information, please call your local Sales Office. Ordering more copies If you would like more copies of this guide, please call Forte Technical Support at: (000) 000-0000 or fax us at (000) 000-0000 In this section: 14. . Forte Technical Support Call Log Forms . Forte Technical Support Registration Form . Forte Sales Office Locations Forte Technical Support Call Log Form Call Ref. Forte Technical Support Registration Form Please complete and fax co Technical Support at (000) 000-0000. Forte Sales Office Location - USA CALIFORNIA MINNESOTA Forte Software, Inc. Forte Software, Inc. Corporate Headquarters 0000 Xxxxxxxxxx Xxxx Xxxx., Xxxxx 000 Xxxxxxxx Xxxxxx Xxxxxxxxxxx, XX 00000 Xxxxxxx, XX 00000 000-000-0000 000-000-0000 Forte Software, Inc. NEW JERSEY 00 Xxxxxxx Xxxxxxxxx Xxxxx Xxxxx Xxxxxxxx, Inc. Xxxxx 000 00 Xxxx Xxxxxx Xxxxx, Xxxxx 000 Xxx Xxxxxxx, XX 00000 Xxxxxx, XX 00000 643-4494 000-000-0000 COLORADO NEW YORK Forte Software, Inc. Forte Software, Inc. Interstate North Parkway 00 Xxxx Xxxxxx, Xxx. 0000 Xxxxx 000 Xxx Xxxx, XX 1600 Xxxxxxx, XX 00000 000-000-0000 980-6745 GEORGIA TEXAS Forte Software, Inc. Forte Software, Inc. Interstate North Parkway, Ste. 700 0000 XXX Xxxxxxx, Xxxxx 000 Xxxxxxx, XX 00000 Xxxxxx, XX 00000 980-6745 000-000-0000 ILLINOIS XXXXXXXX Xxxxx Software, Inc. Forte Software, Inc. W. 22nd Street 0000 Xxxxxxxxx Xxxxx, 0xx Xxxxx Xxxxx Xxxxx XxXxxx, XX 00000 Xxxxxxxx, XX 00000 000-000-0000 684-2255 MASSACHUSETTS WASHINGTON Forte Software, Inc. Forte Software, Inc. Burlington Mall Road 000 000xx X.X., Xxxxx 000 Xxxxx 000 Xxxxxxxx, XX 00000 Xxxxxxxxx, XX 00000 000-000-0000 000-0000 18. Forte Sales Office Location - International FRANCE GERMANY Forte Software, Inc. Forte Software, Inc. Avenue Xxxxxxx de Gaulle XXXXXXXXXXXXXX 00 Xxxxxxx xxx Xxxxx Xxxxxxxxx xx Xxxx Xxxxxx Germany 00-0-00-00-00-00 00-000-000-0000 UNITED KINGDOM Forte Software (UK) Ltd. Xxxxxx Xxxx Xxxxxxxxx Xxxxxx Xxxxxxx 44-1344-4821-00 19. Exhibit G --------- Technology Escrow Agreement Enrollment -------------------------------------- [*]= CERTAIN INFORMATION IN THIS EXHIBIT HAS BEEN OMITTED AND FILED SEPARATELY WITH THE COMMISSION. CONFIDENTIAL TREATMENT HAS BEEN REQUESTED WITH RESPECT TO THE OMITTED PORTIONS. TECHNOLOGY ESCROW AGREEMENT THIS TECHNOLOGY ESCROW AGREEMENT including any Appendices and Exhibits ("Agreement") is effective this 12th day of July 1995, by and among FILESAFE, a California limited partnership ("Escrow Agent"), FORTE SOFTWARE, INC., a California
Источник: https://www.lawinsider.com/contracts/eDnTZD00NG7

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Scouting Najee Harris: Alabama RB reminiscent of Matt Forte

I've known about Najee Harris since his high school career began in Antioch, California. He was one of the most coveted recruits in the country and was strongly endorsed by my NFL Network colleague, former All-Pro running back Maurice Jones-Drew. Harris has lived up to his lofty recruiting status during his career at Alabama. While he's shared the load with a stable of talented backs, he always finds a way to make his presence felt in the biggest games. Here's my scouting report on the senior rusher.

Height, weight: 6-foot-2, 230 pounds (school measurements).

2019 statistics: 209 carries for 1,224 yards (5.9 average), 13 touchdowns; 27 catches for 304 yards (11.3 average), seven TDs.

Game tape watched: Texas A&M (Oct. 12, 2019), Tennessee (Oct. 19, 2019), LSU (Nov. 9, 2019).

What I liked: Harris has a tall, athletic frame for the running back position. He's a smooth, fluid runner with a gliding gate. He's very patient on inside runs and has the ability to get skinny through traffic. He drops his pads on contact and possesses tremendous contact balance. He's elusive in the open field and can deploy a nasty stiff-arm.

The 2019 second-team All-SEC selection is very valuable as a pass catcher in this offense, too. He excels in the screen game, where he understands how to patiently set up blocks and pile up big yardage. He sets up defenders on angle routes underneath and can track and high-point the ball down the field. His hands are outstanding. He's very aware in pass protection and is willing to stick his face in the fan (still one of my favorite scouting phrases) versus blitzing linebackers.

Where he needs to improve: The major knock on Harris is his lack of top-end speed. He doesn't possess ideal explosiveness or burst. However, his long stride can be a little deceiving and he might time a little better than anticipated when he tests prior to next year's draft. Also, while I love his awareness and willingness in pass protection, he's too narrow and gives up too much ground. If he learns to sink his weight and create a more balanced platform, he should improve in this area.

Biggest takeaway: I loved watching Harris on tape. His game is so smooth and effortless. He has a natural running style and his feel/instincts make up for his lack of elite speed. He isn't going to be a home-run hitter at the next level, but he's going to pile up a bunch of doubles. What does that mean? Well, it means he's going to routinely turn 2- and 3-yard runs into 12- and 15-yard runs. He is going to excel in short yardage and he'll be an asset out of the backfield on third down.

He reminds me of: I wrote down Matt Forte at the top of my notes about 10 plays into my study of the LSU game. The two players share the same build and smooth/easy running style. Forte had a little more juice, but they are both physical, instinctive runners with added value in the passing game. Another name that popped into my mind was Eddie George. However, George was bigger and more violent as a runner. It will be interesting to see how the league values Harris in the draft. My advice: Ignore the 40-yard-dash time. He's going to be an excellent pro.

Источник: https://www.nfl.com/news/scouting-najee-harris-alabama-rb-reminiscent-of-matt-forte

EXHIBIT 10.6 FORTE SOFTWARE, INC. VALUE-ADDED RESELLER (VAR) LICENSE AND SERVICES AGREEMENT VAR CHORDIANT SOFTWARE, INC ____________________________________________________________________________ Address 20400 Stevens Creek Blvd., Ste. 400.

EXHIBIT 10.6 FORTE SOFTWARE, INC. VALUE-ADDED RESELLER (VAR) LICENSE AND SERVICES AGREEMENT VAR CHORDIANT SOFTWARE, INC ____________________________________________________________________________ Address 00000 Xxxxxxx Xxxxx Xxxx., Xxx. 000 ________________________________________________________________________ City Cupertino State CA Zip 95014 ______________________________________ _____________________ ____________ This Value-Added Reseller (VAR) License and Services Agreement (the "Agreement") is between Forte Software, Inc., a Delaware corporation located at 0000 Xxxxxxxx Xxxxxx, Xxxxxxx, Xxxxxxxxxx, 00000 ("Forte"), and the company set forth above, including any wholly or majority owned subsidiaries (the "VAR") for the purpose of setting forth the terms and conditions upon which Forte shall grant to the VAR a license to use and Sublicense the Products listed in Exhibit A attached hereto. This Agreement shall supersede and replace the Value-Added Reseller License and Services Agreement dated September 19, 1996 (and all other agreements and understandings between the parties), which superseded the Value-Added Reseller License and Services Agreement dated February 1, 1995. The Effective Date of this Agreement is the last date set forth below. FORTE: wise 365 activation key - Crack Key For U VAR: FORTE SOFTWARE, INC. CHORDIANT SOFTWARE, INC. Signature: /s/ Xxx X. Xxxxx Signature: /s/ Xxxxxx X. Xxxxxxxxxxx Name: Xxx X. Xxxxx Name: Xxxxxx X. Xxxxxxxxxxx Title: Senior Vice President Title: EVP/CFO Date: October 30, 1998 Date: October 29, 1998 [*]= CERTAIN INFORMATION IN THIS EXHIBIT HAS BEEN OMITTED AND FILED SEPARATELY WITH THE COMMISSION. CONFIDENTIAL TREATMENT HAS BEEN REQUESTED WITH RESPECT TO THE OMITTED PORTIONS. TERMS AND CONDITIONS Forte and the VAR hereby agree that the following terms and conditions will apply to each license granted and to all services provided by Forte under this Agreement. 1. DEFINITIONS 1.1 "Cumulative Sublicense Fees" shall mean the total Sublicense find mediamonkey license key - Free Activators, including Full Use Sublicense Fees, accrued to Forte beginning upon the Effective Date hereto for Products Sublicensed under this Agreement. 1.2 "Delivery Partners" shall mean a system integrator or other party engaged to provide services to a Sublicensee or VAR with respect to VAR Applications. 1.3 "Designated Developer" shall mean a person within the VAR designated by VAR to develop applications with the Product. 1.4 "Distributors" shall mean Delivery Partners or other third parties appointed by the VAR to market and grant Sublicenses of the VAR Application as further set forth in Section 3.1(h) hereto. 1.5 "Documentation" shall mean the user manuals and operator instructions furnished by Forte in conjunction with the Products. 1.6 "Effective Date" shall mean the date so specified on the signature page of this Agreement or on the applicable Order Form, Sublicense report, or other document. 1.7 "Order Form" shall mean Forte's standard form by which the VAR may order licenses and services for VAR's use under this Agreement. Such Order Form is attached hereto as Exhibit B. 1.8 "Price List" shall mean Forte's then-current price list for the country in which a Product license or service is to be used. 1.9 "Product" or "Products" shall mean the computer software program(s) owned or distributed by Forte for which the VAR is granted a license pursuant to this Agreement and as further set forth in Exhibit A, whether in printed or machine readable form and includes Updates (defined in Section 1.16). Forte agrees that Exhibit A may be amended from time to time by the parties to include other software Products not currently listed on Exhibit A that Forte licenses to its customers generally. 1.10 "Runtime Users" shall mean the maximum number of logged-in persons within a Sublicensee that may use the VAR Application at any one time. 1.11 remo recover 4.0 license key generator - Free Activators "Standard Technical Support" shall mean Product technical support services provided under Forte's policies in effect on the date such services are ordered. 1.12 "Sublicense" shall mean a nonexclusive, nontransferable right granted by the VAR or Distributor to use a VAR Application for the Sublicensee's own internal business purposes and not for any further distribution. 1.13 "Sublicensee" shall mean a third party who is granted a Sublicense by the VAR or a Distributor. 1.14 "Support Fees" shall mean the fees payable annually for Standard Technical Support. 1.15 "Supported License" shall mean a Product license for which VAR has a current order for annual Standard Technical Support. 1.16 "Updates" shall mean updated versions of the Products and Documentation which encompass logical improvements, extensions and other changes to the Products which are generally made available to Product licensees who are current in their payment of Support Fees. Updates shall be governed by the terms of this Agreement. 1.17 "VAR Application" shall mean the VAR's software program containing modifiable Product code. A VAR Application shall be developed by the VAR through use of the Products as further set forth in Section 2.1 hereto. The VAR shall provide a description of each VAR Application using the form attached as Exhibit C, and each VAR Application shall be approved in writing by Forte prior to Sublicensing which approval will not be unreasonably withheld. Forte agrees that future approved VAR Applications shall be governed by the terms of this Agreement. Forte hereby approves VAR's CCS Application as described in Exhibit C attached hereto. Notwithstanding any provision to the contrary in this Agreement, nothing stated in this Agreement shall preclude VAR from developing any VAR software program through the use of any third party product. 1.18 "VAR Price List" August 23, 2021 - Free Activators mean the VAR's then-current standard product list and fee schedule. The VAR shall attach hereto as Exhibit D the initial VAR Price List which includes the VAR Application. The VAR agrees to notify Forte of all updates and revisions to such VAR Price List. 2. VAR LICENSE AND SERVICES 2.1 VAR Development License (a) Fees. In consideration for the license described in (b) below, VAR shall pay Forte the VAR license fee set forth on Exhibit A. Additional Designated Developer and other [*]= CERTAIN INFORMATION IN THIS EXHIBIT HAS BEEN OMITTED AND FILED SEPARATELY WITH THE COMMISSION. CONFIDENTIAL TREATMENT HAS BEEN REQUESTED WITH RESPECT TO THE OMITTED PORTIONS. licenses may be obtained for the applicable fees set forth in Exhibit A. (b) License Grant. Forte grants to VAR a nonexclusive, worldwide, nontransferable and nonassignable (except as otherwise specified herein) license to use the Documentation and the Products listed on Exhibit A only for the following purposes: (i) to market and Sublicense to Sublicensees worldwide (subject to Section 7.8) VAR Application Development Systems (as defined in Exhibit A) and the right to Sublicense such rights through multiple tiers of distribution, each for the purposes described below. In connection with its license pursuant to this clause, VAR shall limit access to such Products to the number of Designated Developers indicated on the synthesia unlock key code applicable Order Form. (ii) to develop or prototype the VAR Application; (iii) to demonstrate the VAR Application to potential Sublicenses; (iv) to provide training and technical support to employees and Sublicensees solely in conjunction with the VAR Application; and (v) in connection with providing consulting services and/or providing or modifying VAR Applications to Sublicensees and potential Sublicensees. In addition to the temporary Sublicenses specified in Section 3.1(c), VAR may make up to five (5) copies of the Products for demonstration and training purposes, may make a reasonable number of copies of the Products for archival or backup purposes. Except as necessary to exercise its license rights or as otherwise permitted hereunder no other copies shall be made without Forte's prior written Mailbird 2.5.20.0 Full Download - Free Activators. Documentation may be obtained from Forte for the fees specified in the Price List. All titles, trademarks, and copyright and restricted rights notices shall be reproduced in such copies. All copies of the Product(s) and Documentation are subject to the terms of this Agreement. (c) Limitations on Use. VAR shall not use or duplicate the Products (including the Documentation) for any purpose other than as specified in the Agreement, or make the Products available to unauthorized third parties. Transfer of a Product outside the United States for VAR Application development or support shall be permitted only with Forte's prior written consent, which shall not be unreasonably withheld, and is subject to VARs payment of Forte's then current international fee uplift. 2.2. Development License Support Subject to VAR's payment of the Support Fees set forth on Exhibit A, and so long as Forte continues to offer similar support services to its other Product licensees, Forte will provide annual Standard Technical Support to VAR as follows: (a) Telephone Support. Forte will provide telephone consultation at Forte's service location, to assist VAR in identifying, verifying and resolving problems in the use and operation of the Product. Telephone assistance services shall be limited to those VAR personnel indicated on the applicable Order Form, which may be amended from time to time by VAR upon written notice to Forte. (b) Problem Resolution. Forte will respond to problem reports concerning the Products submitted by VAR to Forte, using the form provided by Forte where possible, Izotope Ozone Free Activate backup material substantiating the Product problem. Upon proper notification of a failure of the Product to perform correctly, which failure can be reproduced at Forte's facility or via remote access to VAR's facility, Forte shall use reasonable efforts to correct the failure and to provide VAR with correcting Product, a work-around or other solution to the problem. Standard Technical Support services will be provided in accordance with the sections entitled "Types of Assistance Offered" and "How Forte Resolves Your Call" of the Forte Technical Support Users Guide ("Support Guide"), attached hereto as Exhibit F or policies that are substantially similar thereto. In the event of a conflict of inconsistency between this Section 2.2 and the Support Guide, Section 2.2 shall govern. (c) Updates. Forte will provide VAR with Updates. For a minimum of 12 months after the introduction of a new generally available release, Forte will use reasonable efforts to provide Standard Technical Support for the previous release of the Product. [*]= CERTAIN INFORMATION IN THIS EXHIBIT HAS BEEN OMITTED AND FILED SEPARATELY WITH THE COMMISSION. CONFIDENTIAL TREATMENT HAS BEEN REQUESTED WITH RESPECT TO THE OMITTED PORTIONS. (d) Renewal. Forte will notify the VAR at least 30 days before the annual support period is scheduled to expire. Fees for annual support are due annually in advance. Such fees will be those in effect at the beginning of the period for which the fees are paid. Annual support will terminate unless the VAR renews for the next year under Forte's then current policies by providing Forte with a purchase order and/or payment of the next year's fees prior to the expiration date. (e) Re-Instatement. VAR may reinstate lapsed support services only upon payment of the back Support Fees specified in the Price List, plus current year's Support Fees. 2.3 Consulting and Training Services Forte will provide on-site consulting services ordered by VAR at Forte's then-standard consulting rates under the terms and conditions of this Agreement and any relevant work order; provided, however, that Forte will consider offering Chordiant a discount on consulting orders of $100,000 or more (such consulting services to be used within six months of purchase). Scheduled service dates will be agreed upon mutually, subject to availability of Forte personnel. Forte's daily consulting rate is based on an eight-hour workday. VAR shall reimburse Forte for actual, reasonable travel and out-of-pocket expenses incurred in performing such services. VAR may also order training from Forte (scheduled classes at Forte's facilities or on-site) at Forte's then-standard rates under this Agreement. All consulting and training services must be utilized by VAR within six (6) months following the date ordered by VAR. Unless otherwise agreed by the parties in writing, Forte consulting services will be limited to transferring knowledge to and mentoring VAR's staff on "best practices" concerning the Products, and reviewing and providing input on VAR's design and implementation of applications developed and deployed using the Products. Development and deployment of applications will remain at all times under VAR's control and direction. Ultimate responsibility for development and deployment of such applications is with VAR, and Forte will not be liable to VAR or any third party for any delay in completion or non-completion of any application. 2.4 Ownership and Rights to Developments (a) Products and Documentation. VAR acquires only the right to use the Products and Documentation, and does not acquire any rights of ownership. All right, title, and interest in and to the Products and Documentation, including without limitation all intellectual property rights therein, shall at all times remain with Forte and its licensors. (b) VAR Application. Exclusive of Product, the VAR Application and all other software that VAR develops (or has developed by a third party), and all changes or modifications thereto, will remain the sole and exclusive property of VAR. Exclusive of Product, Forte shall have no interest or acquire any rights in the VAR Application or other software or in such changes or modifications. Except as may otherwise be agreed to in writing by the parties under Section 2(d)(i), Forte irrevocably assigns to VAR all right, title and interest worldwide in and to any changes or modifications to the VAR Application (exclusive of Product) and all applicable intellectual property rights related to the VAR Application (exclusive of Product), including without limitation, copyrights, trademarks, trade secrets, patents, moral rights, contract and licensing rights. Notwithstanding the foregoing and as a condition of this Agreement and in consideration for the licenses granted herein, VAR agrees that it shall not sublicense or otherwise distribute the VAR Application (containing any Product) after termination or expiration of this Agreement. Nothing in this Agreement shall restrict in any way the license by VAR, or require license or other payments to Forte with respect to products or applications which are not VAR Applications, or require VAR or any other party to license VAR Applications or Products. (c) Developments. Any ideas, know-how, or techniques concerning the Products or their use which may be developed, conceived or reduced to practice by Forte in the course of providing services under this Agreement, including without limitation any enhancements or modifications made to the Products (collectively, "Developments"), shall be the exclusive property of Forte. Forte may in its sole discretion develop, use, market, and license any Developments. Forte may create items similar or related to the VAR Developments or other products which are developed by Forte for VAR provided such items are independently developed without use of VAR's Confidential Information or trade secrets. Forte shall not be required to disclose information concerning any Developments which Forte deems to be proprietary and confidential. Any ideas, know-how, or techniques concerning the VAR Applications or Products or kmspico windows 7 use which may be developed, conceived or reduced to practice by VAR, including without limitation any enhancements or modifications made to the VAR Applications (collectively, "VAR Developments"), shall be the exclusive property of VAR. VAR may in its sole discretion develop, use, market, and license any VAR Developments. VAR may create items similar or related to the Products or Developments or other materials developed by Forte for VAR provided such items are independently developed without use of Forte's confidential information or trade secrets. VAR shall not be required to disclose to Forte any information concerning any VAR Developments. (d) Custom Work Product. Notwithstanding subsection (c) above, if consulting services rendered by Forte will by [*]= CERTAIN INFORMATION IN THIS EXHIBIT HAS BEEN OMITTED AND FILED SEPARATELY WITH THE COMMISSION. CONFIDENTIAL TREATMENT HAS BEEN REQUESTED WITH RESPECT TO THE OMITTED PORTIONS. mutual written agreement include the design or development of the VAR Application, other software, documentation, or other intellectual property specific to VAR's needs ("Custom Work Product"), then (i) the parties must agree in writing in each instance on the ownership rights in or to such Custom Work Product prior to Forte's commencement of such services or (ii) if no such agreement is reached, VAR shall have sole and exclusive ownership of the Custom Work Product. Under this subsection (ii), Forte irrevocably assigns to VAR all right, title and interest worldwide in and to the Custom Work Product and all applicable intellectual property rights related to the Custom Work Product, including without limitation, copyrights, trademarks, trade secrets, patents, moral rights, contract and licensing rights. Forte shall have the right to create items similar or related to Custom Work Product provided such items are independently developed without use of VAR's Confidential Information or trade secrets. Notwithstanding any other provision to the contrary, for any consulting services Forte provides to VAR which result in Custom Work Product that is exclusively owned by VAR under subsection (ii) above, Forte shall not be precluded from using Residuals (defined below) from such Custom Work Product. "Residuals" shall mean ideas, concepts and understandings related to Forte Notation FORTE 11 Free Activate Custom Work Product which would be retained in the memory of an ordinary employee not intent on appropriating such Custom Work Product when performing such services. Notwithstanding the parties' agreement that VAR shall own any particular Custom Work Product, any Developments and any proprietary software or other items previously developed and/or owned by Forte and included in the Custom Work Product shall remain the exclusive property of Forte. Forte hereby grants to VAR a non-exclusive, perpetual, worldwide, fully paid-up license to copy, modify, Sublicense, distribute and use solely for VAR's exercise of rights granted under this Agreement all Developments and other Forte-owned items included in the Custom Work Product. All copies of any Custom Work Product which is wholly or partially owned by Forte shall include Forte's copyright notice and may not be provided to third parties without Forte's prior written consent. 3. SUBLICENSING 3.1 Terms and Conditions (a) Right to Sublicense. Forte hereby grants VAR a nonexclusive, nontransferable and nonassignable (except as expressly provided in this Agreement) license to market and Sublicense to Sublicensees worldwide (subject to Section 7.8) and the right to Sublicense such rights through multiple types of distribution (e.g., system integrators) (i) the Products as an integral part of the VAR Application, (ii) the Core System Products (as defined in Exhibit A) for use with applications other than the VAR Application (a "Full Use License"), provided that a Sublicensee has also received a license to a VAR Application and provided that a Forte Regional Sales Manager has reviewed and approved all quotations for any Products above and beyond a Forte Core System prior to being presented to the proposed Sublicensee. Each Sublicense shall be granted solely through a written Sublicense agreement which shall include terms substantially similar to those set forth on Exhibit E hereto. In the event of any Full Use License, Forte shall promptly ship such Products and Documentation directly to the applicable Sublicensee as identified on the Order Form. At Forte's request, VAR shall provide Forte with a copy of VAR's standard Sublicense agreement. VAR may only Sublicense those Products which VAR has previously licensed from Forte. (b) Sublicense Fees. VAR shall pay Forte the Sublicense fee set forth on Exhibit A. Sublicense fees shall be due and payable with each applicable Sublicense report. (c) Temporary Sublicenses. VAR and its Distributors shall be entitled to grant temporary Sublicenses of the VAR Application or Full Use Licenses at no charge, for evaluation/pilot purposes only, with no Sublicense fees owed to Forte as long as a maximum of twenty (20) such temporary Sublicenses are in effect at any one time. The term of each such temporary Sublicense shall be for a period not to exceed ninety (90) days. VAR shall terminate or pay to Forte the applicable Sublicense fees for perpetual Sublicenses for any temporary Sublicenses outstanding in excess of ninety (90) days. (d) Sublicensee Use. VAR is granted the Sublicensing rights described herein on the understanding that, except for a Full Use License or where such a restriction is not permitted by applicable law, Sublicensees will be permitted use of the Products only in connection with the VAR Application. VAR shall use reasonable commercial efforts to enforce the terms of its Sublicense agreements to the extent that they relate to the Products. If VAR is aware that a Sublicensee without a Full Use License is using a Product beyond the limited functionality set forth in the VAR Application Sublicense agreement (for example, use of any Product for development purposes outside of the scope of the VAR Application), VAR or Distributor shall immediately notify the Sublicensee of such unauthorized use. If the Sublicensee fails to discontinue such unauthorized use following notification, VAR or Distributor shall at VAR's option either terminate the sublicense, or forward to Forte one hundred percent (100%) of the applicable then current Product full use license fee. (e) Sublicensing Practices. At all times during this Agreement VAR shall: (i) avoid deceptive, misleading, illegal, or unethical practices that may be detrimental to Forte or to the Products; (ii) not make any representations, warranties, or guarantees to Sublicensees concerning the Product that are inconsistent with or in addition to those made in this Agreement and (iii) comply with all [*]= CERTAIN INFORMATION IN THIS EXHIBIT HAS BEEN OMITTED AND FILED SEPARATELY WITH THE COMMISSION. CONFIDENTIAL TREATMENT HAS BEEN REQUESTED WITH RESPECT TO THE OMITTED PORTIONS. applicable laws and regulations with respect to the VAR Application and related services rendered by VAR. (f) Sublicense Reports. Within forty-five (45) days of the last day of each quarter, VAR shall send Forte a report detailing for the quarter: (i) for each VAR Application or Product for a Full Use License shipped during the prior quarter, Sublicensee name and address, date of shipment, whether the Sublicense is temporary for evaluation purposes, and total Sublicense fees due to Forte; (ii) for each grant of additional rights to use a VAR Application previously shipped, a description of such additional rights, and a description of the applicable Sublicense fees and Support Fees due Forte for such grant; and the Distributor agreements executed during the prior month, including names and addresses of the Distributors. With each sublicense report, VAR shall simultaneously provide Forte with payment of all fees required under such report. VAR shall require its Distributors to report the information in clause (i) above to VAR on a quarterly basis and will include it in the report for the quarter in which VAR received the information. VAR hereby agrees that the information obtained by Forte pursuant to clause (i) above, with the prior written consent of the VAR Sales Director, may be used by Forte for the sole purpose of contacting such new Sublicensee to address any opportunities outside of the VAR Application solution. Such information shall be deemed to be Confidential Information as defined in Section 7.1 of this Agreement. The VAR shall be eligible for compensation on sales by Forte of Full Use Licenses above and beyond a Full Use Core System License to such customers, in accordance with the then-current `reverse royalty' or similar program maintained by Forte. (g) Sublicensee Documentation. VAR shall be responsible for providing documentation for Sublicensees. VAR shall have the right to incorporate portions of the Documentation into the VAR's documentation subject to the provisions of Section 7.4 of the Agreement at no additional charge to VAR. Forte shall provide VAR with electronic copies of all current documentation, in the form of CDs or such other means as reasonably requested by VAR. (h) Distributors. VAR may appoint Distributors to market and Sublicense the VAR Application under the terms of the Agreement. If a Distributor desires to make any Product-specific modifications to the VAR Application requiring the Product, it must do so pursuant to a development license unless such Distributor already has an appropriate license acquired directly from Forte or other third party. Each Distributor's agreement with VAR shall allow it to market and Sublicense the VAR Application only in accordance with the Sublicensing provisions of this Agreement. Forte shall be deemed a third party beneficiary of the portions of the Agreement between VAR and such Distributor that relate to the Products. VAR agrees to use all reasonable efforts to enforce its Distributor agreements and to inform Forte immediately of any known material breach thereof related to the Products. (i) VAR Audit. VAR shall maintain adequate books and records in connection with its activity under this Agreement, which shall include but not be limited to executed Sublicense agreements. Forte may at its expense, retain an Forte Notation FORTE 11 Free Activate third party to audit the relevant accounting books and records of VAR regarding shipment of VAR Applications or Products to ensure compliance with the terms of this Agreement. If an audit reveals that VAR has underpaid fees to Forte; VAR shall promptly pay such fees. Any such audit shall be conducted during regular business hours at VAR's offices and shall not interfere unreasonably with VAR's business activities. If the underpaid fees are in excess of five percent (5%) of the total fees previously paid and then payable from VAR, then VAR shall pay Forte's reasonable costs of conducting the audit. Audits shall be made no more than once annually. In addition, each Sublicensee and Distributor agreement shall permit VAR to conduct a similar audit of VARs Sublicensees and/or Distributors. VAR shall, upon reasonable evidence that an audit of a Sublicensee or Distributor is warranted, conduct such audit. (j) Indemnification. VAR agrees to use reasonable commercial efforts to enforce the terms of its Sublicense and Distributor agreements required by this Agreement to the extent that they relate to the Products and to inform Forte of any known material breach of such Forte-related terms. VAR will defend and indemnify Forte against: (i) all direct damages to Forte arising from any use by VAR, its Distributors or its Sublicensees of any product not provided by Forte but used in combination with the Products if such claim would have been avoided by the exclusive use of the Products; and (ii) all direct damages suffered by Forte as a result of VAR's failure to include or reasonably enforce the required contractual terms set forth herein in each Sublicense and Distributor agreement, provided that: (i) Forte promptly notifies VAR in writing of the claim; (ii) VAR has sole control of the defense and all related settlement negotiations; and (iii) Forte provides VAR with the assistance, information, and authority necessary to perform the above; reasonable out-of-pocket expenses incurred by Forte in providing such assistance will be reimbursed by VAR. (k) Federal Government Sublicenses. The Products and Documentation are commercial computer software and documentation developed exclusively at private expense, and in all respects are proprietary data belonging solely to Forte. [*]= CERTAIN INFORMATION IN THIS EXHIBIT HAS BEEN OMITTED AND FILED SEPARATELY WITH THE COMMISSION. CONFIDENTIAL TREATMENT HAS BEEN REQUESTED WITH RESPECT TO THE OMITTED PORTIONS. Pursuant to DFARS 227.7202 or FAR 12.212, as applicable, the Government's right to use, reproduce or disclose the Products and Documentation acquired under this Agreement is subject to the restrictions of this Agreement. My Notes Keeper - Personal Information Manager - Free Activators Inherently Dangerous Applications. The Products are not specifically developed, or licensed for use in any nuclear, aviation, mass transit, or medical application or in any other inherently dangerous applications. VAR agrees to notify each Sublicensee of this limitation. VAR agrees, and each Sublicensee shall agree, that Forte shall not be liable for any claims or damages arising from VAR's or a Sublicensee's use of the Products for such applications. If VAR fails to notify Sublicensee of the limitations specified above, VAR agrees to indemnify and hold Forte harmless from any claims for losses, costs, damages, or liability arising out of or in connection with the use of the Products in such applications. (m) Notwithstanding Section 1.12 and Items 2 and 3 of Exhibit E and any other provision in this Agreement, VAR or Distributor shall have the right to allow a Sublicensee to transfer or assign a Sublicense granted by VAR or Distributor hereunder, upon written notice to VAR and such transferee/assignee agrees to be bound by the terms and conditions of the applicable Sublicense Agreement. 3.2 Sublicense Technical Support In consideration for the right to provide technical support services to its Sublicensees, the VAR agrees to pay Forte the applicable annual technical support services fee set forth in Exhibit X. Xxxxx shall not be reimage pc repair offline download - Activators Patch to provide any assistance needed to install the VAR Application at Sublicensee sites. Forte shall not be required to provide any Product technical support, training and consulting to Sublicensees or Distributors. The VAR shall continuously maintain Standard Technical Support services from Forte during the period during which VAR provides technical support services Stardock WindowBlinds For Windows any Sublicensees. Any questions from the VAR's Sublicensees or Distributors regarding VAR Applications will be referred by Forte to the VAR. 3.3 Consulting and Training Services A Sublicensee may contract directly with Forte for consulting and training services at Forte's then-current rates. VAR shall have no right to market and/or sell Forte consulting and training services, but may order Forte consulting and training to be performed on behalf of a Sublicensee and/or Distributor hereunder. Forte agrees that VAR may order Forte consulting and training services under the terms of this Agreement and that no additional agreements (subcontract or otherwise) would be required by Forte to be perform such services for VAR or on behalf of VAR for a Sublicensee or Distributor. 4. INVOICING, PAYMENT & TAXES (a) Payment Terms. Invoices for payment of fees shall be payable in U.S. dollars on the Effective Date of the Order Form or Sublicense Report, as applicable. All payment obligations identified on executed Order Forms and Sublicense Reports (as calculated in accordance with Exhibit A) are noncancellable and, upon payment, are nonrefundable. VAR will provide Forte with a written purchase order for licenses and support at the time of execution of an Order Form or submission to Forte of a Sublicense Report, as applicable. Other applicable fees shall be payable when invoiced. All fees shall be deemed overdue if they remain unpaid 30 days after the quarterly report date. If the VAR's procedures require that an invoice Vectric Aspire 9.514 Crack Incl License Code Keygen {Portable} submitted against a purchase order before payment can be made, the VAR will be responsible for issuing such purchase order 30 days before the payment due date. All overdue amounts shall become interest at the rate of one and one-half percent (1-1/2%) per month or the maximum legal rate, if less, however, nothing herein shall limit Forte's right to terminate this Agreement as set forth herein. (b) Taxes. The fees listed in this Agreement do not include taxes. The VAR shall pay or reimburse Forte for all sales, use, excise, personal property, value-added, or other applicable taxes, duties or assessments based on the licenses granted or the services provided under this Agreement or on the VAR's use of the Products, except that the VAR shall have no responsibility for income taxes imposed on Forte. 5. TERM AND TERMINATION 5.1 Term This Agreement shall commence on the Effective Date hereto and shall be valid for a period of three (3) years. Each Sublicense granted under this Agreement shall continue in perpetuity unless terminated as provided in Paragraph 5.2 below. 5.2 Termination Upon written notice to Forte, VAR may terminate this Agreement and any license herein at any time. Upon written notice to VAR, Forte may terminate this Agreement and any license granted herein if VAR materially breaches this Agreement and fails to correct the breach within thirty (30) days following written notice from Forte specifying the breach. Notwithstanding the previous sentence, if the material breach is of such a nature that it cannot be reasonably be corrected within such 30 days, Forte agrees not to terminate the Agreement or any license granted herein, provided VAR uses all reasonable [*]= CERTAIN INFORMATION IN THIS EXHIBIT HAS BEEN OMITTED AND FILED SEPARATELY WITH THE COMMISSION. CONFIDENTIAL TREATMENT HAS BEEN REQUESTED WITH RESPECT TO THE OMITTED PORTIONS. and good faith efforts to cure such breach in a timely manner, but not to exceed 90 days from written notice specifying the breach. Forte agrees that it may not terminate any license that was granted hereunder to a Sublicensee, provided the license to such Sublicensee was granted in accordance with the terms herein when licensed and such Sublicensee is not in material breach of the Sublicense Agreement. 5.3 Effect of Termination (a) Upon expiration or termination of this Agreement, all VAR's right to market, Sublicense, and use the Products as set forth in this Agreement shall cease, and Forte may declare all sums owed hereunder immediately due and payable. VAR also agrees that it shall not sublicense or otherwise distribute the VAR Application (which contains any Product or any portion thereof) after expiration or termination of this Agreement. (b) Unless the expiration or termination of this Agreement is due to a material breach by VAR, VAR may continue using a single copy of the most recent release of the Products then in VAR's possession solely for the purpose of continuing technical support for Sublicenses granted prior to termination. Such continued use of the Products shall be subject to all the provisions of this Agreement, including, without limitation, payment of the Support Fees specified herein. (c) The termination of this Agreement or any license acquired hereunder shall not limit either party from pursuing any other remedies available to it including injunctive relief, nor shall such termination relieve VAR's obligation to pay all fees that have accrued or that VAR has agreed to pay under any Order Form or other similar ordering document under this Agreement. The parties' rights and obligations under Sections 2.1(c), 2.4, 3.1(d),(e),(f) and (h) through (m), and Sections 4, 5, 6, and 7 shall survive termination of this Agreement. 5.4 Return of Products upon Termination Except as provided in Section 5.3(b) above, upon expiration or termination of a license hereunder, VAR shall: (i) cease using the applicable Products; and (ii) represent in writing to Forte within one month after termination that VAR has destroyed or has returned to Forte the Products, Documentation and all copies except for a reasonable number of archived copies. This requirement applies to copies and storage in bootstrap studio 4.3.7 crack - Crack Key For U forms, partial and complete, in all types of media and computer memory, and whether or not modified or merged into other materials. 6. WARRANTIES, REMEDIES, LIMITATION OF LIABILITY 6.1 Infringement Indemnity (a) Forte will defend and indemnify VAR against all costs (including reasonable attorneys fees and Sublicense fees attributable to Sublicenses for which VAR was required to refund license fees to the applicable Sublicensee due to such infringement,) arising from a claim that Products furnished and used within the scope of this Agreement infringe a copyright, patent, trademark, or other intellectual property right provided that: (i) VAR promptly notifies Forte in writing of the claim; (ii) Forte has sole control of the defense and all related settlement negotiations; and (iii) VAR provides Forte with the assistance, information, and authority necessary to perform the above; reasonable out-of-pocket expenses incurred by VAR in providing such assistance will be reimbursed by Forte. (b) Forte shall have no liability for any claim of infringement to the extent based on: (i) use of a superseded or altered release of a Product if such infringement would have been avoided by the use of a current unaltered release of the Product that Forte provides to VAR; or (ii) the combination, operation, or use of any Products furnished under this Agreement with programs or data not furnished by Forte if such infringement would have been avoided by the use of the Products without such programs or data. (c) In the event the Products are held or are believed by Forte to infringe, Forte shall have the option, at its expense, to: (i) modify the Products to be non-infringing; (ii) obtain for VAR a license to continue using the Products; (iii) substitute the Products with other software reasonably suitable to VAR; or if (i) - (iii) are not commercially reasonable for Forte, (iv) terminate the license for the infringing Products and refund the license fees paid for those Products. This Section 6.1 states Forte's entire liability for infringement. 6.2 Product Warranty Except as stated below, for each Supported License Forte warrants that each Product will perform the functions described in the associated Documentation when operated on the specified platform for a period of 30 days from the date of shipment of such Product to VAR. Forte further warrants that the Products will fully comply with the following millennium compliance statement when configured and used according to the Documentation. The definition of compliance is the ability to: 1. correctly handle date information before, during and after 1 January 2000 accepting date input, providing date output and performing calculation on dates; [*]= CERTAIN INFORMATION IN THIS EXHIBIT HAS BEEN OMITTED AND FILED SEPARATELY WITH THE COMMISSION. CONFIDENTIAL TREATMENT HAS BEEN REQUESTED WITH RESPECT TO THE OMITTED PORTIONS. 2. function according to the Documentation, during and after 1 January 2000 without changes in operation resulting from the advent of the new century; 3. where appropriate, respond to two digit date input in a way that resolves the ambiguity as to century in a disclosed, defined and predetermined manner; 4. store and provide output of date information in ways that are unambiguous as to century; 5. manage the leap year occurring in the year 2000, following the quad-centennial rule. Forte does not warrant that each Product IDimager Photo Supreme 6.4.1.3885 Crack + Serial Number Free 2021 meet VAR's requirements, that the Products will operate in the combinations which VAR may select for use or with all non-Forte software used by VAR, that the operation of each Product will be uninterrupted or error-free, or that all Product errors will be corrected. Forte will undertake to correct any reported error condition in accordance with its then-current Standard Technical Support policies and the terms of this Agreement, with the terms of this Agreement to prevail in the event of any conflict. Forte shall have no obligation to undertake correction of errors caused by VAR modifications to the Product. VAR's sole and exclusive remedy for Product nonconformity shall be recovery of the license fees paid to Forte for such non-conforming Product. As an accommodation to VAR, Forte may supply VAR with (i) preproduction releases of Products labeled "Alpha," "Beta" or otherwise, which are not suitable for production use or for development of the VAR Application, or (ii) shareware items such as "Fshare" containing code developed by Forte and/or its customers and partners. Notwithstanding anything to the contrary in this Agreement, such preproduction releases and shareware are provided to VAR "as is" without warranty of any kind, express or implied, and neither party will be responsible to the other for any losses, claims or damages of whatever nature arising out of VAR's use of such items. Forte shall identify at the time of release of any such preproduction or shareware releases what type of support, if any, is provided by Forte. Unless stated otherwise, however, no support shall be provided by Forte for such releases. Standard Adobe acrobat pro free download - Crack Key For U Support does not include support or updating of shareware items. VAR will promptly report any error condition discovered in a preproduction release, and provide Forte with appropriate test data if necessary to resolve problems encountered by VAR with a preproduction release. 6.3 Media Warranty Forte warrants all media delivered to VAR to be free of defects in materials and workmanship under normal use for 90 days from the Effective Date. Replacement of media without charge is VAR's sole and exclusive remedy in the event of a media defect. 6.4 Services Warranty Forte warrants that its Standard Technical Support, consulting and other services will be of a professional quality conforming to generally accepted industry standards and practices. This warranty shall be valid for 90 days from completion of service. For any breach of the above warranty, VAR's exclusive remedy and Forte's entire liability shall be: (i) the re-performance of the services; or (ii) if Forte is unable to perform the services as warranted, recovery of the fees paid to Forte for such deficient services. 6.6 Limitations of Warranties THE WARRANTIES ABOVE ARE EXCLUSIVE AND IN LIEU OF ALL OTHER WARRANTIES, WHETHER EXPRESS OR IMPLIED, INCLUDING THE IMPLIED WARRANTIES OF MERCHANTABILITY AND FITNESS FOR A PARTICULAR PURPOSE. 6.7 Limitation of Liability IN NO EVENT SHALL EITHER PARTY BE LIABLE FOR LOSS OF PROFITS, REVENUE (EXCEPT AS ALLOWABLE AND DETERMINED TO BE A DIRECT DAMAGE) OR PRODUCT USE, OR LOSS OR INACCURACY OF DATA, AND IN NO EVENT SHALL EITHER PARTY BE LIABLE FOR ANY INDIRECT INCIDENTAL, SPECIAL OR CONSEQUENTIAL DAMAGES INCURRED BY EITHER PARTY OR ANY THIRD PARTY, EVEN IF THE OTHER PARTY HAS BEEN ADVISED OF THE POSSIBILITY OF SUCH DAMAGES. EXCEPT WITH RESPECT TO SECTIONS 6.1, 3.1(j) AND TO THE EXTENT LOSS OF PROFITS AND/OR REVENUE ARE ALLOWABLE AND DETERMINED TO BE DIRECT DAMAGES DUE TO THE OTHER PARTIES UNATHORIZED COPYING OR DISTRIBUTION OF THE PRODUCT OR VAR APPLICATION EITHER PARTY'S LIABILITY FOR DAMAGES HEREUNDER, WHETHER IN AN ACTION IN CONTRACT OR TORT OR BASED ON A WARRANTY, SHALL IN NO EVENT EXCEED THE AMOUNT OF FEES PAID BY VAR UNDER THIS AGREEMENT FOR THE RELEVANT LICENSE OR SERVICE. The provisions of this Section 6 allocate the risks under this Agreement between Forte and VAR. Forte's pricing reflects this allocation of risk and the limitation of liability specified herein. 7. GENERAL TERMS [*]= CERTAIN INFORMATION IN THIS EXHIBIT HAS BEEN OMITTED AND FILED SEPARATELY WITH THE COMMISSION. CONFIDENTIAL TREATMENT HAS BEEN REQUESTED WITH RESPECT TO THE OMITTED PORTIONS. 7.1 Nondisclosure By virtue of this Agreement, the parties may have access to information that is confidential to one another ("Confidential Information"). Confidential Information shall be limited to the Products and the VAR Application, information related thereto, all other information clearly marked as confidential, and other items as agreed by the parties in writing. A party's Confidential Information shall not include information which (i) is or becomes a part of the public domain through no act or omission of the other party; or (ii) was in the other party's lawful possession prior to the disclosure and had not been obtained by the other party either directly or indirectly from the disclosing party; or (iii) is lawfully disclosed to the other party by a third party without restriction on disclosure, or (iv) is independently developed by the other party. The parties agree, both during the term of this Agreement and for a period of five (5) years after termination hereof, to hold each other's Capture One Pro 21 Activation key Information in confidence. The parties agree not to make each other's Confidential Information available in any form to any third party or to use each other's Confidential Information for any purpose other than the implementation of this Agreement. Each party agrees to take all reasonable steps to ensure that Confidential Information is not disclosed or distributed by its employees or agents in violation of the provisions of this Agreement. 7.2 Governing Law and Jurisdiction This Agreement shall be governed and construed under the laws of the State of California, as applied to agreements executed and performed entirely in California by California residents. In no event shall this Agreement be governed by the United Nations Convention on Contracts for the International Sale of Goods. In any legal action relating to this Agreement each party agrees (i) to the exercise of jurisdiction over it by a state or federal court in San Francisco or Alameda County, California; and (ii) that if a party brings the action, it shall be instituted in one of the courts specified in subparagraph (i) above. 7.3 Copyrights VAR acknowledges that the Products and Documentation are proprietary to Forte and protected by copyright, patent and/or trade secret laws. VAR agrees to include without alteration, in all copies and reproductions of the Products, Documentation and VAR Application, reproductions of Forte's restricted rights notices, copyright notices and other proprietary legends. A copyright notice in a Product does not, by itself, constitute evidence of publication or public disclosure. 7.4 Marks All trademarks, service marks, trade names or logos identifying the Products or Forte's business (the "Marks") are the exclusive property of Forte or its licensors. VAR will not take any action that jeopardizes Forte's or its licensors' proprietary rights or acquire any right in the Marks except as specifically set forth below. VAR will not register, directly or indirectly, any trademark, service xxxx, trade Forte Notation FORTE 11 Free Activate, copyright, company name or other proprietary or commercial right which is identical or confusingly similar to the Marks or which constitute a translation of a Xxxx into another language. VAR will use the Marks exclusively to identify the Products and shall not use the Marks in combination with any trademarks, service marks, or logos of VAR which would create confusion as dvdfab 11 crack download - Activators Patch the ownership or identity of the Marks (e.g. "ForteCCS"). Any such use of the Marks will clearly identify Forte or its licensors as the owner of the Marks and conform to Forte's then current trademark and logo guidelines which Forte agrees to supply to VAR at Brave browser download - Crack Key For U request. At Forte's request, VAR will deliver to Forte a sample of all advertisements or promotional materials bearing a Xxxx. If Xxxxx notifies VAR that the use of the Xxxx is inappropriate, in its reasonable judgment, VAR will not publish or otherwise disseminate the advertisement or promotional materials until they have been modified to Forte's reasonable satisfaction. VAR will immediately notify Forte if VAR learns of any potential infringement of the Marks by a Sublicensee. Forte will determine the steps to be taken under these circumstances. In connection with any such potential infringement of or by the Marks, VAR will (a) provide Forte, at Forte's expense, with the assistance that Forte may reasonably request and (b) not take steps that would prejudice Forte's rights in the Marks without Forte's prior approval. 7.5 Relationship between Parties In all matters relating to this Agreement, the VAR will act as an independent contractor. The relationship between Forte and the VAR is that of licenser/licensee. Neither party will represent that it has any authority to assume or create any obligation, express or implied, on behalf of the party, nor to represent the other party capacity. 7.6 Notice All notices relating to this Agreement shall be in writing and delivered by overnight delivery service or first class prepaid mail with return receipt requested to the address of such party specified above to the attention of its Chief Financial Officer or such other address specified by such other party in accordance with this Section. 7.7 Severability/Waiver [*]= CERTAIN INFORMATION IN THIS EXHIBIT HAS BEEN OMITTED AND FILED SEPARATELY WITH THE COMMISSION. CONFIDENTIAL TREATMENT HAS BEEN REQUESTED WITH RESPECT TO THE OMITTED PORTIONS. In the event any provision of this Agreement is held to be invalid or unenforceable, the remaining provisions of this Agreement will remain in full force and effect. The waiver by either party of any default or breach of this Agreement shall not constitute a waiver of any other or subsequent default or breach. 7.8 Export Administration; U.S. Government Rights VAR agrees to comply fully with all relevant laws, regulations and orders of the United States and other countries to which the Products or VAR Application are shipped, the U.S. Department of Commerce, and other U.S. and applicable non-U.S. agencies to assure that all Products, Developments and Custom Work Product and related media are not exported in violation of the laws of the United States and other applicable countries. 7.9 Non-assignability and Binding Effect Notwithstanding Section 2.1(b) or any other provision hereof, the Agreement, Product and Documentation licenses granted herein may be transferred or assigned by VAR upon written notice to Forte to (a) any entity that is either directly or indirectly controlled by VAR ("control" for purposes of this Agreement shall mean ownership of at least 51% of the voting capital stock of a corporation, or 51% of the voting equity of any non-corporate entity), or (b) the surviving entity of a merger, acquisition or reorganization of all or substantially all of VAR's assets, capital stock or other equity, so long as such proposed transferee or assignee agrees in writing to be bound by the terms and conditions of this Agreement. Except as provided above, any attempted assignment of the rights or delegation of the obligations under this Agreement shall be void without the prior written consent of the non-assigning or non-delegating party. In the case of any permitted assignment or transfer of or under this Agreement, this Agreement or the relevant provisions shall be binding upon, and inure to the benefit of, the successors, executors, heirs, representatives, administrators and assigns of the parties hereto. 7.10 Force Majeure Neither party shall be liable to the other for its failure to perform any of its obligations under this Agreement or any Exhibit, during any period in which such performance is delayed because rendered impracticable or impossible due to circumstances beyond its reasonable control, provided that the party experiencing the delay promptly notifies the other of the delay. 7.11 Remedies The parties stipulate that the legal remedies of any party in the event of any default or threatened default by the other party in the performance of or compliance with any of the terms of this Agreement are not and shall not be adequate, and that such terms may be specifically enforced by a decree for specific performance of any agreement contained herein or by an injunction against a violation of any of the terms of this Agreement or otherwise. Except as specifically provided in this Agreement, no remedies in this Agreement are exclusive of any other remedies but shall be cumulative and shall include all remedies available hereunder or under any other written agreement or in law or equity, including rights of offset. 7.12 Entire Agreement This Agreement constitutes the complete agreement between the parties and supersedes all previous agreements or representations, written or oral, with respect to the Products and services specified herein. This Agreement may not be modified or amended except in a writing signed by a duly authorized representative of each party. It is expressly agreed that any term and conditions of the VAR's purchase order shall be superseded by the terms and conditions of this Agreement. This Agreement shall also supersede the terms of any unsigned license agreement included in a package for Forte-furnished software. 7.13 Escrow Forte represents that it has deposited with an escrow agent copies of the source code and reasonable technical documentation for all the most recent versions of the Products licensed under the Agreement, pursuant to a Technology Escrow Agreement with such escrow agent, a copy of which has been provided to VAR. Upon VAR's execution of the instrument enrolling VAR as a party to the Technology Escrow Agreement attached as Exhibit G, VAR shall be entitled to receive a copy of the escrowed source code and documentation from the escrow agent in the event Forte becomes insolvent, is a party to a bankruptcy filing, ceases business operations generally or ceases to make available maintenance or support services for the then-current version of the licensed Product. Forte shall pay all relevant escrow fees to the escrow agent. In the event VAR receives the escrowed source code and documentation, VAR shall have the royalty-free, nonexclusive, perpetual right to use such source code solely for use in maintaining and supporting the licensed Products under the terms of this Agreement. All such source code, as delivered or modified, shall constitute Confidential Information of Forte for purposes of Section 7.1 of the Agreement, and VAR shall not disclose the source code or its modifications to others or permit others to copy the source code or modifications thereof. Forte shall update the deposited material within thirty (30) days after each major update to the licensed Product. Forte [*]= CERTAIN INFORMATION IN THIS EXHIBIT HAS BEEN OMITTED AND FILED SEPARATELY WITH THE COMMISSION. CONFIDENTIAL TREATMENT HAS BEEN REQUESTED WITH RESPECT TO THE OMITTED PORTIONS. acknowledges VAR's right to request and receive verification from the escrow agent (and/or Forte) confirmation that Forte has deposited source materials as obligated under this paragraph. [*]= CERTAIN INFORMATION IN THIS EXHIBIT HAS BEEN OMITTED AND FILED SEPARATELY WITH THE COMMISSION. CONFIDENTIAL TREATMENT HAS BEEN REQUESTED WITH RESPECT TO THE OMITTED PORTIONS. Exhibit A --------- Forte Software, Inc. ------------------- VAR Fees and Royalties ---------------------- 1. VAR License Fee. The parties agree that this Agreement supersedes the previous VAR agreement between the parties regarding distribution of the VAR Application. Forte acknowledges that VAR has previously paid all VAR license fees owed under such previous agreement. In consideration for payment of such license fees, the license to VAR pursuant to Section 2.1 is with respect to the following Products and components: Products -------- Forte Application Environment Forte Express Forte WebEnterprise (previously known as WebSDK) Components ---------- 5 Designated Developers Unlimited Client Environments Unlimited Server Environments Unlimited RDMBS Development Interfaces 1 Shared Repository 1 Documentation Set of Forte (both Hardcopy and CD ROM) 2. Additional Designated Developer and Other License Fees. The fee for ------------------------------------------------------ each additional Designated Developer license is [*]. Other items may be licensed for the fees set forth in the Price List. 3. Support Fees. Annual Support Fees for the license pursuant to Section 2.1 shall equal 18% of Forte's then-current Core System (as defined below) list price (currently $75,000). Annual Support Fees for Products or license components not listed in Section 1 above shall be the Support Fee then charged by Forte, multiplied by the then- current list price of the item acquired. 4. Sublicense Fees. Upon shipment of the VAR Application or invoicing of a Sublicensee for the license of the VAR Application, whichever occurs first, VAR agrees to pay Forte a Sublicense fee (due as described in the Agreement) as follows: a. Standard VAR Application Sublicenses. For each Standard VAR Application Sublicense (defined below) VAR agrees to pay Forte a Sublicense fee equal to: i) [*] of VAR's net license revenue from such Sublicense if the Sublicensee does not purchase a Full Use License (as defined in Section 3.1) for a Core System (as defined below) from Forte or VAR; or ii) [*] of VAR's net license revenue from such Sublicense if the Sublicensee purchases a Full Use Core System license (plus first year maintenance and support) directly from Forte or VAR prior to or simultaneously and in connection with the VAR Application license (i.e., a then-current Forte customer Disk Sorter Activation key does not buy a Core System license in connection with the VAR Application would not trigger this clause). b. Extended VAR Application Sublicenses. For each Extended VAR Application Sublicense (defined below) the following terms shall apply: [*]= CERTAIN INFORMATION IN THIS EXHIBIT HAS BEEN OMITTED AND FILED SEPARATELY WITH THE COMMISSION. CONFIDENTIAL TREATMENT HAS BEEN REQUESTED WITH RESPECT TO THE OMITTED PORTIONS. i) VAR shall pay Forte a Sublicense fee equal to [*] of VAR's net license revenue from such Sublicense, subject to paragraph iv below regarding Enterprise Customers; ii) the Sublicensee will be also be required to purchase at a minimum, one Full Use License for a Core System from Forte or VAR, which Forte agrees to provide at its then-current local list price, plus first year maintenance and support. This Full Use License is not required if the Sublicensee or a Delivery Partner has already acquired at least one Full Use License for a Core System and has unassigned Designated Developer seats sufficient for the applicable project. If the Sublicensee or Delivery Partner has already acquired a Core System license, but all Designated Developer seats have been assigned, the Sublicensee shall only be required to purchase additional Designated Developer Windows 8.1 Pro Product key + Free Activation 2020 sufficient for the applicable project. Additional Designated Developer licenses, if needed, can be purchased by the Sublicensee, VAR and/or the Delivery Partner. If the Delivery Partner has a re-usable development license arrangement with Forte, additional development licenses could be obtained for the re-use fee due under that Delivery Partner's agreement with Forte. However, unless otherwise agreed by Forte and such Delivery Partner, such reusable development licenses are "project specific" and may not be used for non-VAR Application development. All additional Designated Developer licenses require the purchase of first year maintenance and support from Forte. iii) VAR shall not be required to obtain rights to include in the VAR Application and VAR Application-related functionality created by Sublicensees or their Delivery Partners, nor shall the Sublicensee be required photo supreme multi core - Activators Patch purchase Full Use and/or Runtime licenses to utilize any such new VAR Application-related functionality. Runtime licenses would, however, be required for a Sublicensee's deployment of functionality outside the scope of the VAR Application. iv) in the event VAR or a Distributor grants an Extended VAR Application Sublicense to any Enterprise Customer (defined below) during the initial three year term of this Agreement, Forte shall not be entitled to any Sublicense fees in connection with such VAR Application licenses; provided, however, that VAR shall remain liable to Forte for annual Technical Support fees for such Sublicenses on the terms set forth in Section 6 below as if such Sublicense fees had been paid to Forte. At the request of VAR, Forte shall provide information regarding a customer to indicate whether such customer is an Enterprise Customer. c. VAR Application Development System. For each Sublicense of a VAR Application Development System (defined below) VAR agrees to pay Forte a Sublicense fee [*] of VAR's net license revenue from such Sublicense. Each VAR Application Development System Sublicense will expressly state that it does not include a license to use the Products for development, and that Product licenses are available directly from Forte. d. Transaction-based or Account-based Sublicenses. For the initial three years of this Agreement, VAR shall have the right to enter into "Variable Fee" VAR Application Sublicenses under which VAR receives a recurring royalty from the Sublicensee based on the number of accounts or transactions serviced by the VAR Application. Such Variable Fee Sublicenses will have a maximum term of four years. Forte will receive a Sublicense fee equal to [*] of cash license fee collected from each such Variable Fee Sublicense for helium streamer entire term of each such Variable Fee Sublicense. On or before the expiration of such three year term, both companies will evaluate and discuss in good faith the appropriate revenue sharing and other terms for Variable Fee Sublicenses from then forward. e. Pre-paid Sublicense Fees. Forte acknowledges and agrees that VAR currently has a pre-paid Sublicense fee balance of [*], which may be applied dollar for dollar solely against Sublicense fees due Forte hereunder on Sublicenses of the VAR Application, but not Core Systems. 5. Definitions. a. "Standard VAR Application" means the current shipping standard release of the VAR Application which permits the performance of up to 90 person-days of initial development using the Products. Development performed without the Products (such as using the VAR Application Workflow editor, Non-Product generated scripts and tools, C++ programming language or any Java Software Development Environment) are not counted in the 90 days. [*]= CERTAIN INFORMATION IN THIS EXHIBIT HAS BEEN OMITTED AND FILED SEPARATELY WITH THE COMMISSION. CONFIDENTIAL TREATMENT HAS BEEN REQUESTED WITH RESPECT TO THE OMITTED PORTIONS. b. "Extended VAR Application" means the current shipping standard release of the VAR Application where more than 90 person-days of initial development using the Products will be performed. Development performed without the Products (such as using the VAR Application Workflow editor, Non-Product generated scripts and tools, C++ programming language or any Java Software Development Environment) is not counted in the 90 days. c. "VAR Application Development System" means a VAR Application licensed by VAR to its customers, global system integrator partners, and/or Delivery Partners, for end user development, training, demonstration, and/or vertical application development activities. Product Sublicenses pursuant to Section 3.1 are not deemed licenses of the VAR Application Development System. d. "Net license revenue" for Standard VAR Application, Extended VAR Application, and VAR Application Development System transactions means the net license fee amount invoiced to the applicable Sublicensee net of product returns and credits. For Variable Fee Sublicenses, it shall mean VAR's net cash receipts from the applicable Sublicensee. e. A "Core System" shall mean 1 Client Environment, 5 Designated Developers for the Forte Application Environment, 10 Runtime Users, 1 Server Environment, 1 Development Server, 1 RDBMS Interface, 1 Shared Repository, 1 Documentation Set on both hard-copy and CD-ROM, and 5 student days of training. f. "Enterprise Customer" is defined as a Forte customer which, simultaneously with or prior to Sublicensing the VAR Application from VAR, has obtained Full-Use Product licenses from Forte either (A) under a "site license" allowing use of unlimited quantities of Product licenses by such customer, or (B) in a single transaction following December 31, 1996 which included such customer's payment of at least [*] of recognizable license revenue to Forte and on which Forte and VAR worked together leading up to such single transaction. Up to once annually, VAR shall have the right to engage an independent accountant to audit the accounting books and records of Forte to verify whether a customer is an Enterprise Customer. 6. Full Use Licenses. a. For each Full Use License, VAR shall pay to Forte a "Full Use Sublicense Fee" equal to Forte's then-current Core System list price in the country or countries in Reason 10 Crack - Free Activators the Full Use Sublicense will be used. The current Forte Price List is attached hereto as Exhibit I. Full Use Sublicense Fees are due net 30 days from the Shipment Date of the applicable Core System Product. If VAR issues a written Full Use Sublicense quote and such quote is accepted by the applicable Sublicensee, for a period of ninety (90) days after the date of submission of the quote to the Sublicensee, the Full Use Sublicense Fee payable by VAR with respect to the Products identified in the quote shall be based on the Forte Price List in effect on such date. b. VAR is free to determine unilaterally the Full Use Sublicense Fees; provided that all Full Use Sublicenses shall otherwise comply with Forte's then current internal pricing and configuration guidelines. x. Xxxxx shall not be required to provide primary technical support to Sublicensees receiving a Full Use Sublicense in accordance with Section 3.2 of the Agreement with respect to use of the VAR Application; provided, however, that if such Sublicensee uses the Core System outside the scope of the VAR Application, such Sublicensee will be required to obtain and pay for technical support directly from Forte pursuant to a separate Support Agreement between Forte and the Sublicensee. VAR shall refer all support inquiries on projects outside the scope of the VAR Application to Forte. 7. Technical Support for Sublicenses. On September 1 of each year during the --------------------------------- term of this Agreement VAR shall pay Forte an annual technical support services fee [*] of the then current Cumulative Sublicense Fees (including Full Use Sublicense Fees) paid or owed by VAR attributable to all actively supported Sublicensees that have acquired annual technical support services for the VAR Application as of such date. 8. VAR/MCI Agreement. VAR acknowledges that on or around December 31, 1997 it ----------------- entered into an agreement with MCI Systemhouse ("MCI Agreement"). Within two months from the Effective Date of this Agreement, VAR agrees to allow Forte's counsel the one-time right to review (on VAR's premises) those portions of the MCI Agreement that are potentially relevant to the Products. Thereafter and for the term of this Agreement, VAR agrees ---------- [*]= CERTAIN INFORMATION IN THIS EXHIBIT HAS BEEN OMITTED AND FILED SEPARATELY WITH THE COMMISSION. CONFIDENTIAL TREATMENT HAS BEEN REQUESTED WITH RESPECT TO THE OMITTED PORTIONS. to allow Forte's counsel the right to review the "pre-payment" provisions of the MCI Agreement. Forte agrees that the MCI Agreement is VAR Confidential Information. 9. Joint Marketing and Seminars. The parties agree to engage in joint marketing ---------------------------- activities and to conduct joint seminars for prospective customers, pursuant to a program to be mutually defined and implemented by the parties. [*]= CERTAIN INFORMATION IN THIS EXHIBIT HAS BEEN OMITTED AND FILED SEPARATELY WITH THE COMMISSION. CONFIDENTIAL TREATMENT HAS BEEN REQUESTED WITH RESPECT TO THE OMITTED PORTIONS. Exhibit B --------- Order Form ---------- [*]= CERTAIN INFORMATION IN THIS EXHIBIT HAS BEEN OMITTED AND FILED SEPARATELY WITH THE COMMISSION. CONFIDENTIAL TREATMENT HAS BEEN REQUESTED WITH RESPECT TO THE OMITTED PORTIONS. This order is placed subject to the terms and conditions of the Value-Added Reseller License and Services Agreement dated:______. The Effective Date of this Order Form is:______________. reason 10 license number and registration code - Crack Key For U Executed by VAR Executed by Forte Software, Inc. Signature:_________________________________ Signature:_____________________________________ Name:______________________________________ Name:__________________________________________ Title:_____________________________________ Title:_________________________________________ Exhibit C WavePad Sound Editor 12.20 Crack + Registration Code Full Download 2021 --------- VAR Application Description --------------------------- The VAR Application is VAR's CCS product, as described below. I. CHORDIANT CCS PRODUCT DESCRIPTION Chordiant CCS - Customer Communications Solution(TM) - integrates customer communications points and customer facing applications with legacy databases, the web server, email/fax systems, telephony systems and existing business critical applications to create an enterprise-wide solutions serving multiple business units and customer types. Chordiant CCS(TM) includes a set of applications, business services, distributed workflow engine called "Workflow Sequencing Object Processing - WSOP(TM)", and system services, interfaces and data management. The Chordiant CCS(TM) 1.4 and 1.5 releases are packaged and delivered as a system which includes the Chordiant CCS ChorApps(TM), Chordiant CCS ChorObjects(TM), and Chordiant CCS ChorServices(TM). The ChorObjects(TM) and ChorServices(TM) are also referenced as the Chordiant CCS Foundation System. Chordiant CCS ChorApps(TM) (Applications) consist of the customer facing applications, business management applications, operational management applications, system administration and a variety of self-serve applications designed for integration with web sites and telephony devices. Chordiant CCS(TM) applications are dynamically created at time of customer inquiry and transaction based on the customer profile and request; applicable customer and business processes; easeus data recovery wizard 12.9.0 crack - Crack Key For U with the supporting business services and customer data. The dynamic ability to create applications is called P3 Active(TM) and is a result of technology provided by the Chordiant CCS Workflow Sequencing Object Processing(TM) (WSOP(TM)) system. Chordiant CCS(TM) applications are role-based and cover all the functionality required by the CR (Customer Representative) for customer information, service, marketing and selling functions; the Business Analyst/Management for defining and managing business processes, workflows and transactions; Marketing Management for management of campaigns, offerings and customer information; and the call center Operational Management for data maintenance, center operations, human resource scheduling, and system administration. Chordiant applications are workflow driven and are built from the hundreds of business services and objects provided in Chordiant CCS(TM), along with third party services provided by Chordiant's customers, system integration partners and technology partners. Chordiant CCS ChorObjects(TM) (Business Services, Objects and Workflow system) contains the business objects integrating your best customer and business practices together with the WSOP(TM) system, workflow components, workflow management, a workflow editor and management functions. This layer provides the rich set of business objects that are common across industries which when attributed and data enabled for a particular company reflect the company's specific customer and business processes, policies and transactions. Chordiant CCS ChorServices(TM) provides the business services to create the IT infrastructure for Chordiant CCS(TM) and to provide connectivity to telephony systems, internet, data networks, data base systems and transaction systems. ChorServices(TM) provides the services enabling customer communications; data access, management and routing; access and data interfaces to enterprise legacy and transaction systems and the ability to create customer interfaces into third-party applications and systems to enable financial transactions, order processing, billing, payment and other financial and business services. The ChorServices(TM) commonly integrate and communicate with a customer's telephony equipment, web servers, other application servers, legacy systems and transactional applications systems. [*]= CERTAIN INFORMATION IN THIS EXHIBIT HAS BEEN OMITTED AND FILED SEPARATELY WITH THE COMMISSION. CONFIDENTIAL TREATMENT HAS BEEN REQUESTED WITH RESPECT TO THE OMITTED PORTIONS. EXHIBIT D CHORDIANT CCS - RELEASE 1.5 easeus data recovery wizard license key generator - Crack Key For U NORTH AMERICA PRICE LIST License Fees End-User License ---------------------------------------------------- Product Description Required Optional -------------------------------------------------------------------------------------------------------------------- Chordiant CCS Foundation (Notes 1, 3) $900,000 . Chordiant CCS ChorObjects (Business Services) . Chordiant CCS ChorServices (System Services) Little Snitch Activation Key Includes these Components: . Server Platform . Telephony and Communications Platform . Database Management Platform . Electronic Gateways Distributed Service Centers Deployment Option (Note2) . First Additional Center $375,000 . Second & Subsequent Additional Centers $187,500 Additional Components (Note 2) . Server Platform $ 25,000 . Telephony Platform $ 50,000 . Database Platform $ 25,000 . CHORDIANT CCS - RELEASE 1.5 NORTH AMERICA PRICE LIST License Fees Global System Integrator License (GSI) -------------------------------------------------- Product Description Required Optional -------------------------------------------------------------------------------------------------------------------- Chordiant CCS Development System for GSI Centers (Note 4) $550,000 . Chordiant CCS ChorObjects (Business Services) . Chordiant CCS ChorServices (System Services) Includes these Components: . Client Platform . Server Platform . Telephony and Communications Platform . Database Management Platform . Electronic Gateways . Chordiant CCS Delivery Model (Note 5) . Chordiant CCS Developer Training Includes one developer training class for 10 developers GSI Distributed Service Centers Deployment Option (Note 6) . First Additional GSI Center $300,000 . CHORDIANT CCS - RELEASE 1.5 NORTH AMERICA PRICE LIST Description of Services Service Fees Chordiant CCS Annual Maintenance and Support (Note 7) Smadav 2020 Crack + Serial Code Free Download. Premier End-User Support for Chordiant CCS 25% of Chordiant CCS Product License Fee Product License Fee (12 Months of 7 Days x 24 hours support) . Standard End-User Support for Chordiant CCS 20% of Chordiant CCS Standard Product Product License Fee (12 Months of Monday - Friday, 24 hours support) . Developer Support for Chordiant CCS $14,000. Per Client License Development System Support - 12 Months . Developer Support for Chordiant CCS $ 8,500. Per Client License Development System Support - 6 Months ------------------------------------------------------------------------------------------------------------------------------ Chordiant CCS Professional Services . Chordiant Systems Integration Quote . Chordiant Installation and Deployment ez cd audio converter free windows 10 - Free Activators Quote . Chordiant Application Consulting Quote . Chordiant Business Analysis Consulting Glary Utilities Pro 5.173.0.201 Crack Plus Key {Lifetime} Quote . Chordiant Development Facility Use $ 2,500 Per Day, Per Seat ------------------------------------------------------------------------------------------------------------------------------ Chordiant Gold Team Assessment Service . Chordiant Gold Team Assessment $80,000 Per Engagement ------------------------------------------------------------------------------------------------------------------------------ Chordiant CCS University (Note 3) . CCS Enablement Training $ 500 Per Day, Per Student . CCS User Training $ 325 Per Day, Per Student ------------------------------------------------------------------------------------------------------------------------------ Chordiant CCS Documentation . Complete Documentation Sets (Additional) $ 1,000 Each . Single Library Set $ 500 Each . Single Book $ 150 Each ------------------------------------------------------------------------------------------------------------------------------ 10. CHORDIANT CCS - RELEASE 1.5 NORTH AMERICA PRICE LIST PRICE LIST NOTES: 1. License Fees for Chordiant CCS Foundation and Chordiant CCS Applications Chordiant CCS Foundation is licensed for a single customer service center and a single development site within one corporate subsidiary and/or business unit. Chordiant CCS Foundation includes; ChorServices and ChorObjects and one license of the telephony, database and web/electronic services components. Each corporate subsidiary and/or business unit is required to license a complete Chordiant CCS Foundation and Reference Application license. 2. License Fees for Additional Service Center Sites Additional license(s) for second and subsequent Distributed Service Center Sites are required within a single corporate subsidiary and/or business unit where users in those sites are accessing Chordiant CCS. 3. Chordiant CCS End-User Development Tools Chordiant CCS 1.5 includes development tools for End-User development purposes. Chordiant CCS 1.5 includes the Chordiant CCS Workflow Editor, Chordiant CCS Business Services, Chordiant CCS Reference Applications and one copy of the Forte TOOL development system. Additional licenses and copies of Forte TOOL Development System and Tools are available directly from Forte Software. 4. License Fees for Chordiant CCS Development System for GSI Partners Chordiant CCS Development System License for Chordiant contracted Global System Integrator (GSI) partners is a single development center site license in support of the GSI Partner's training, demonstration and vertical application development activities. This license is not applicable to end- user development work, end-user development projects require the Chordiant CCS End-User Development System product and license. The development system software includes one copy of the Chordiant CCS supported client, server, telephony and database objects and one electronics services facility. The Forte Development System and Tools are not included with the Chordiant CCS Development System. The Forte Development System and Tools is available directly from Forte Software. 5. License of Chordiant CCS Delivery Model Chordiant CCS GSI Development System and license for use on the specified end-user development project only. 6. License Fees for Additional GSI Development Center Sites License(s) for additional GSI Development Center Sites where Chordiant CCS Development System is deployed to serve the GSI Partner's training, demonstration and vertical application development activities. 11. This license(s) is not applicable to end-user development work, end-user development projects require the Chordiant CCS End-User Development System product and license. 7. Chordiant CCS Annual Maintenance and Support Chordiant CCS Annual Maintenance and Support services are provided and billed on an annual basis under separate agreement. 8. Chordiant CCS University Training Classes The indicated fees apply to Chordiant CCS training conducted at Chordiant Software, Inc. Chordiant CCS University in Cupertino, California. Training at client locations can be made available by arrangement. 9. North America and International Price Lists This Price List is for use with customers and partners in North America. See our international price list for regions outside of North America. 12. CHORDIANT CCS - RELEASE 1.5 INTERNATIONAL PRICE LIST License Fees ultraedit portable crack - Crack Key For U (U.S. Dollars) End-User License -------------------------------------------------- Product Description Required Optional -------------------------------------------------------------------------------------------------------------------- Chordiant CCS Foundation (Notes 1, 3) $1,350,000 . Chordiant CCS ChorObjects (Business Services) . Chordiant CCS ChorServices (System Services) Includes these Components: vsdc video editor pro license key free - Crack Key For U. Server Platform . Telephony Platform . Database Platform . Electronic Gateways Distributed Service Centers Deployment Option (Note2) . First Additional Center $562,500 . Second & Subsequent Additional Centers $281,250 Additional Components (Note 2) . Server Platform $ 37,500 . Telephony Platform $ 75,000 . Database Platform $ 37,500 . Electronic Gateways $ 75,000 -------------------------------------------------------------------------------------------------------------------- Chordiant CCS ChorApps (Reference Applications) (Note 1) $ 900,000 -------------------------------------------------------------------------------------------------------------------- Chordiant CCS Runtime Client Licenses 1 - 50 $ 1,625 51 - 100 $ 1,475 101- 200 $ 1.325 201- 500 Avast Internet Security 20.9.5758 Crack license key - Activators Patch $ 1,150 501 - 1,000 $ 1,075 1,001 - 2,000 $ 1,000 -------------------------------------------------------------------------------------------------------------------- 13. CHORDIANT CCS - RELEASE 1.5 MakeMKV 1.16.4 Crack + Product Code Free Download 2021 INTERNATIONAL PRICE LIST Service Fees Description of Services (U.S. Dollars) ------------------------------------------------------------------------------------------------------------------------------ Chordiant CCS Annual Maintenance and Support (Note 7) . Premier End-User Support for Chordiant CCS Wondershare Data Recovery 9.0.6.20 Crack+ Serial Key Free 2020 25% of Chordiant CCS Standard Product Product License Fee (12 Months of 7 Days x 24 hours support) . Standard End-User Support for Chordiant CCS 20% of Chordiant CCS Standard Product Product License Fee (12 Months of Monday - Friday, 24 hours support) . Developer Support for Chordiant CCS $18,000 Per Client License Development System Support - 12 Months . Developer Support for Chordiant CCS $11,250 Per Client License Development System Support - 6 Months ------------------------------------------------------------------------------------------------------------------------------ Chordiant CCS Professional Services . Chordiant Systems Integration Quote . Chordiant Installation and Deployment Quote . Chordiant Application Consulting Quote . Chordiant Business Analysis Consulting Quote . Chordiant Development Facility Use $ 2,500 Per Day, Per Seat ------------------------------------------------------------------------------------------------------------------------------ Chordiant Gold Team Assessment Service . Chordiant Gold Team Assessment $80,000 Per Engagement ------------------------------------------------------------------------------------------------------------------------------ Chordiant CCS University (Note 5) . CCS Enablement Training $ 500 Per Day, Per Student . CCS User Training $ 400 Per Day, Per Student ------------------------------------------------------------------------------------------------------------------------------ Chordiant CCS Documentation . Complete Documentation Sets (Additional) $ 1,200 Each . Single Library Set $ 500 Each . Single Book $ 150 Each ------------------------------------------------------------------------------------------------------------------------------ 14. CHORDIANT CCS - RELEASE 1.5 INTERNATIONAL PRICE LIST PRICE LIST NOTES: 1. License Fees for Chordiant CCS Foundation and Chordiant CCS Applications Chordiant CCS Foundation is licensed for a single customer service center and a single development site within one corporate subsidiary and/or business unit. Chordiant CCS Foundation includes; ChorServices and ChorObjects and one license of the telephony, database and web/electronic services components. Each corporate subsidiary and/or business unit is required to license a complete Chordiant CCS Foundation and Reference Application license. 2. License Fees for Additional Service Center Sites Additional license(s) for second and subsequent Distributed Service Center Sites are required within a single corporate subsidiary and/or business unit where users in those sites are accessing Chordiant CCS. 3. Chordiant CCS End-User Development Tools Chordiant CCS 1.5 includes development tools for End-User development purposes. Chordiant CCS 1.5 includes the Chordiant CCS Workflow Editor, Chordiant CCS Business Services, Chordiant CCS Reference Applications and one copy of the Forte TOOL development system. Additional licenses and copies of Forte TOOL Development System and Tools are available directly from Forte Software. 4. Chordiant CCS Annual Maintenance and Support Chordiant CCS Annual Maintenance and Support services are provided and billed on an annual basis under separate agreement. 5. Chordiant CCS University Training Classes The indicated fees apply to Chordiant CCS mining conducted at Chordiant Soft, rare, Inc. Chordiant CCS University in London, England and Cupertino, California. Training at client locations can be made available by arrangement. 6. International Price List This Price List is for use with customers and partners in Europe, Middle- East, Africa, South America, Pacific Rim and Asia regions. All prices are in U.S. Dollars. 15. Runtime Server Pricing To use these charts, find the number of concurrent users at runtime and then read down the column to find the runtime server pricing. This gives sites great flexibility for satisfying their server needs. For example, for 500 users, the Initial Server Runtime Charge licenses the site for up to 10 servers at an Initial Runtime Server Charge of $150,000. The customer has the option of implementing their system as a single, large server or up to 10 different servers -- all for the same price. Additional servers licenses for this site, beyond the included 10 Servers, are available for $8,000 per Runtime Server. For sites with greater than 1,000 users, the Initial Runtime Server Charge is $15,000 per 50 Runtime Users. For sites with 1000 users, the site is licensed for up to 20 servers at an Initial Server Charge of $300,000. For every additional 50 Runtime Users, the site is authorized for an additional Runtime Server. Sites with greater than the number of servers covered by the Initial Server Charge must purchase licenses for the additional servers at $8,000 per server. Note: Each Runtime Server License includes: . Right-to-copy server runtime license . Right-to-copy database runtime licenses . Right-to-copy network protocols 16. Basic Guidelines 1. Each separate development site must buy a Core System. 2. For each different platform used for deployment, at least one such development environment must be purchased. 3. Developers are "designated licenses", not "concurrent mobaxterm professional 11 crack - Activators Patch. See definition of Forte Developer License. 4. The server development license included in the Core System is for development only. If the same machine will be used for deployment, Runtime ReFX Nexus VST 3.4.4 Crack+ Serial And License Key Free 2021 Server licenses are required (per Runtime Server matrix). 5. Volume discounts on Developers and Runtime Users are only available when purchased as part of a single order. For example, if a customer purchases 200 concurrent Runtime User licenses and two years later wants to purchase another 200 Runtime User licenses, the second 200 Runtime Users would not qualify for the next highest discount rate. 6. International Uplift can be waived on deployment licenses that will be ---------- deployed outside the U.S. and Canada but will be supported internally by the customer's U.S. or Canadian support organization and Forte's U.S. tech support group. Support & Maintenance 1. Telephone support and on-going product maintenance are 18% of the list price of the product(s). Support and maintenance charges are due in advance, annually. 2. Contact with Forte telephone support must be made through one of three designated support contacts. 17. Exhibit E --------- Sublicense Agreement Required Provisions ---------------------------------------- Each Sublicense agreement shall refrain from making any warranty on Forte's behalf, and shall include, at a minimum, contractual provisions which: 1) Except for a Full Use License or where such a restriction is not permitted by applicable law, prohibit use of the Products except in connection with the Sublicensee's use of the VAR Application. 2) Prohibit duplication (beyond the number of licensed copies) of the Products except for temporary transfer in the event of CPU malfunction and a reasonable number of backup or archival copies. 3) Prohibit timesharing, except for transaction-based or account-based Sublicenses as permitted under Section 4(d) of Exhibit A; or rental of the Products. 4) Prohibit reverse engineering, disassembly, decompilation, or other attempt to derive source code of the Products, except and as to the extent permitted by applicable law. 5) Prevent title from passing to the Sublicensee. 6) To the extent legally possible, disclaim Forte's liability for any indirect, incidental, or consequential damages arising from the use of the Products. 7) Require the Sublicensee, DS CATIA Composer For Windows the termination of the Sublicense, to discontinue use and destroy or return to the VAR the Products, Documentation and all archival or other copies of the Product except for a reasonable number of archival copies. 8) Require the Sublicensee to comply fully with all relevant export laws and regulations of the United States and of other countries in which the Products will be used to assure that neither the Products, not any direct product thereof, are exported, directly or indirectly, in violation of United States or other applicable law. 9) Allow VAR to audit the Sublicensees use of the VAR Application and the Products. 10) Allow VAR to comply with Section 3.1 (l) of this Agreement. [*]= CERTAIN INFORMATION IN THIS EXHIBIT HAS BEEN OMITTED AND FILED SEPARATELY WITH THE COMMISSION. CONFIDENTIAL TREATMENT HAS BEEN REQUESTED WITH RESPECT TO THE OMITTED PORTIONS. Exhibit F --------- Forte Technical Support Users Guide ----------------------------------- [*]= CERTAIN INFORMATION IN THIS EXHIBIT HAS BEEN OMITTED AND FILED SEPARATELY WITH THE COMMISSION. CONFIDENTIAL TREATMENT HAS BEEN REQUESTED WITH RESPECT TO THE OMITTED PORTIONS. FORTE TECHNICAL SUPPORT CadSoft EAGLE Pro 9.7.1 Crack + Keygen Free Download Latest USER'S GUIDE 1. Table of Contents Welcome to Forte Technical Support. Forte Notation FORTE 11 Free Activate 3 How to Register for Technical Support. 3 Your Technical Contacts. 3 How to Reach Technical Support. 4 How to Change License Information. 4 Types of Assistance Offered. 4 Problem Description/Troubleshooting. 5 Support Limitations. 5 How To Make A Support Call. 6 Before You Call. 6 Describing the Problem. 6 Making the Call. 7 Call Tracking System. 7 Modem Access. 8 How Forte Resolves your Call. 8 Call Ranking and Response Time. 8 Calling Us Back. 10 Call Escalation. 10 Call Resolution. 11 Making Test Cases. 11 Fixing a Defect. 11 Release Management Process. 12 Feedback on the Quality of Technical Support. 12 Other Forte Services Offered. 12 Training. 12 Consulting. 13 Documentation. 13 Special Interface Projects. 14 Ordering more copies. 14 Appendix Forte Technical Support Call Log Form Forte Technical Support Registration Form Forte Sales Office Locations - USA Forte Sales Office Locations - International 2. EXHIBIT F FORTE TECHNICAL SUPPORT USER'S GUIDE Welcome to Forte Technical Support At Forte, we believe that service, technical support, training, and consulting are just as important as the features and functions you receive when you purchase our software products. We can provide you with a spectrum of support--when you need it, whom you need it, and in the format that best suits your requirements. This guide provides you with everything you need to know about Forte Technical Support. How to Register for Technical Support Once you have purchased a support agreement from Forte, you will need to fill out a Technical Support Registration form and fax it to us at 510-869- 2010. This form provides us with the details of your site and the names of the personnel you have authorized to call Technical Support. This is where you will list your Primary Technical Contact (see below). This form is included in the appendix of this booklet and another form will be mailed to you after you purchase support, Your Technical Contacts You should designate one primary technical contact and two backup contacts for each Forte license. The primary contact is the focal point for contact with Forte Technical Support as well as internal support within your organization. This person should: . Be your Forte expert . Have the opportunity to gain Forte expertise over a wide range of uses . Be able to determine whether a particular issue should be referred to Forte Technical Support . Be accessible to all Forte users within your organization . Be able to provide timely response Each backup contact should be a co-worker of the primary technical contact, he at the same location, and be able to perform these duties in the absence of the primary contact. We feel it is essential that the primary and backup technical contacts (and preferably all Forte users) complete the full recommended Forte Training as outlined in the Forte Education Brochure. WinRAR 6.00 Crack + Keygen Code 2021 - Free Activators 3. The ability of your primary or backup contact to communicate effectively with Forte Technical Support will ultimately determine how effective our service is for your organization. These arrangements ensure your organization has information on, and control of your important technical relationship with Forte. When you contact jaksta media recorder alternative Forte, we know you have already cried to resolve the issue and see the issue as important to your organization. How to Reach Technical Support Technical Support Hotline (000) 000-0000 Panda Dome Essential Download - Crack Key For U The Technical Support Center is available from 8:00 a.m. to 6:00 p.m. Pacific time Monday through Friday, excluding United States public holidays. You will speak to a Technical Support dispatcher, who will take your call details and the initial problem description. The dispatcher will also tell you your call number and your call will then be transferred to a Technical Support Specialist, if one is available. If you call during a time when the Support Center is not available, you will be prompted to leave us voicemail and your call will be logged when the Support Center opens in the morning. Fax Number (000) 000-0000 This is the fax number for Forte Technical Support in case we require you to fax us some information about your problem. We recommend that you fax this information to us after you have called the Technical Support Hotline and received a call reference number, which you should include on the fax. Internet Address xxxxxxx@xxxxx.xxx This is the interact address for Forte Technical Support should you decide to e-mail your question rather than use the telephone. If you send us a Foxit PhantomPDF 10.1.1.37576 Crack Activation key question via e-mail, your Forte call number will be e-mailed back to you. Please note that Forte provides an Internet Call Form on your product release media. Please complete the form with as much detail as possible so that we will have enough information to begin working on your call. How to Change License Information If you move, change phone numbers, or have personnel changes relating to your designated Technical Support contacts, please let us know so we can update our database. To make any changes, call Forte Technical Support and give us the new information. We will update the customer database and inform the other Forte department. Types of Assistance Offered 4. Technical Support provides the following assistance to Forte licensees related to their use of the current release of the licensed software, and subject to the terms and conditions in the Forte Software License and Services Agreement. Assistance Provided Task Performed ----------------------------------- --------------------------------------------------------- Problem Determination Analyze error messages. Identify and isolate the source of the problem. Provide technical information and technical status on open problems. Problem Resolution and Recovery Provide problem workarounds. Assistance wps premium crack for pc Provide advice and guidance for operating system environment workaround. Escalate problem for immediate or scheduled fix. Product Usage Questions Assist with the configuration of your operating anydesk premium 4.2.3 crack - Free Activators system environment related to Forte. Product operation or functionality issues. Provide current release information such as Compatibility, enhancements, fixes, and any restrictions. Answering "product usage questions" may be limited to 30 minutes if we feel the questions could be answered by having the caller attend the relevant Forte training course. However, this time limit might be extended if the Support Center personnel have the time available, More extensive assistance for these questions is available by purchasing Forte Consulting (see section titled Other Forte Services for details). Problem Description/Troubleshooting Because the information you provide to Technical Support is vital to the process of problem resolution, it is important that you have prepared the problem description and supporting data, and reproduced the symptoms in a simple form. Forte Technical Support expects you to make a reasonable attempt to verify the error in your environment. We will always ask for the full error number that occurs; other common information that we will ask for depends on the nature of the problem. Support Limitations . We do not support Forte on uncertified hardware, compilers, or operating systems, We will talk to you about any problems you have, especially when it comes to using a new operating system. However, we do not guarantee Forte will work in environments other than those we explicitly support. 5. . We only support Forte software products. For instance, we do not support your computer's operating system. If you need help doing something on your operating system, you need to speak to whomever supports it. . We will not debug your application code, or application code that you have gotten from someone else. This restriction applies to third party software, software written by consultants, and so forth. If you believe you have run into a defect in a Forte software product, you need to establish that the problem lies in our Software. . We do not provide free training or consulting, although we do offer them as optional purchases. We can answer simple how-to questions and we can talk to you about other topics to a limited extent, but we will not answer questions such as "flow do I design my Forte application?" . We support techniques or workarounds given to you by members of Forte Technical Support, unless we tell you explicitly that they are unsupported. We can talk to you about workarounds given to you by others, including other Forte employees, and if them is a problem, we can help you to understand audials tunebite 2019 crack - Activators Patch cause, However, we cannot guarantee that using these workarounds will not cause other problems. How To Make A Support Call If you are using Forte Technical Support for the first time, you will find this section particularly useful. Please read it carefully so you will feel comfortable with the process we use to assist you. We advise you to keep a copy of your license and have your customer number available, in case you are asked for it when calling Technical Support. Before You Call Before you call for technical support, take a few minutes to gather The information you'll need to give the Forte Technical Support Specialist who takes your call. If you don't have the information, the resolution of your problem might be delayed. Describing the Problem Make some notes about the problem you are having. If possible, note the sequence of events leading up to the problem. Here are some questions to get you started: . What were you trying to accomplish? . What did you do? What commands did you enter? Provide exact syntax if possible. . What did you expect to happen? . What happened instead? Please provide exact syntax. 6. . Why do you think this is a problem with Forte?. . What have you tried to do to correct or understand this problem? . If your screen displayed any error messages, what xxxx they? Note the error number first then the error text, . Which manuals did you consult? Titles, publication dates, versions, and page numbers are important. Making the Call Now you are ready to call Forte Technical Support. This section describes how your call is handled. 1. The Technical Support dispatcher first asks you whether your call is new or a follow, up to a previous call. . If it is a follow-up call, give the dispatcher your call reference number. He or she attempts to connect you to the person working on the call. . If it is a new call, the dispatcher enters your name into our call tracking system, You might be asked to confirm your operating system, Forte version, or other relevant information about your site. 2. As you describe your issue or question, the dispatcher enters the details into our call tracking system. If you encountered error messages, plebe tell the dispatcher the error number first and the error message text, so that ii can be entered correctly. 3. The dispatcher discusses the impact of the problem and asks you to help determine an appropriate priority for your call. Call priority is outlined in detail in the section rifled How Forte Resolves Your Call. 4. The dispatcher tells you your call number and either connects you directly with a Technical Support Specialist, or gives you the timeframe during which you should expect a call back. All this usually takes only a few minutes. While you are on the phone with the dispatcher, please use your Forte Technical Support Call Log Form (locked in the Appendix) to record the details of your question and call number for your own reference. Call Tracking System Forte's call tracking system tracks information about each customer call. Afar verifying your customer information, the dispatcher enters the problem information into the system. From then on any of our Technical Support Specialists or dispatchers can view: revo uninstaller pro free download 7. . A permanent record of your initial problem statement . Details of subsequent research carried out . Detail of further communication with you . The current status of your call Modem Access We recommend that our customers provide us with modem access to their machines. This access, with the ability to transmit the troublesome code to Forte machines, can speed up the resolution of the problem. How Forte Resolves your Call After speaking with you, the Technical Support Specialist establishes if the problem is: . the result of a Forte product error . the result of a user type error . a product usage question We might ask you to send us a test case to assist in the diagnosis. If the problem is identified as being the result of a Forte product error, the test case and the diagnostic notes are immediately sent to Forte Engineering. Call Ranking and Response Time Forte Technical Support prioritizes calls based on the urgency of need, We have three ranking: of calls: Standard (Rank 3), Time Critical (Rank 2) and Emergency (Rank 1). Calls generally arise from two very different kinds of situations: . One or more programmers experience a problem during the application development process. . An established production installation suddenly loses some or all of its functionality, threatening data integrity or data access. Problems at production installations usually take top priority, but not always. The problems a team of programmers encounters during a development could conceivably outweigh the problems a single user encounters in a production environment. Please assist us by letting us know the impact of the problem on your business and inform us of what you think the priority should be. Response time goals are listed for each priority of call, but if a Technical Support Specialist is available at the time of your call, we will try to respond immediately. 8. Standard Calls (Rank 3) Standard calls generally occur while using Forte during development, including "what if" and "how to" questions. The product Software is usable, but one or more functions might not operate as you expected. The problem may be one related to understanding Forte features or documentation. If a workaround exists, it is comparatively easy for you to implement. A production example of a Rank 3: The workstation for one of many end users is failing to properly redraw the screen A development example of a Rank 3: A programmer needs help understanding syntax errors encountered while developing an application. The "save" option does not work, and the workaround is to use the "save as" option. Our response time goal for Rank 3 calls is 24 business hours. Time Critical Calls (Rank 2) In time critical calls, the product software is usable, but functionality is degraded or restricted. In the case of production systems, the applications and some Forte modules remain usable, but the use of the production application itself is restricted. In the case of development systems, Forte and the development applications are unusable, or inaccessible. If a work, around exists, it is somewhat inconvenient to implement and will not be sufficient for the long term. A production example of a Rank 2: You can use parts of the production application and parts of the Forte product. A development example of a Rank 2: Development has been reduced to a minimum due to problems with the Forte development environment Our response time goal for Rank 2 calls is eight (8) business hours. Emergency Calls (Rank 1) Emergency calls take the highest priority. These are urgent cases where immediate he{p is needed. The production software is totally or partially inoperative, and the inability to use the software has a critical impact on your production operations. If there are known workarounds, they would be quite costly to implement. A production example of a Rank 1: 9. Your financial transaction system is inoperable. A development example of a Rank 1: Your development environment is totally corrupted, thus placing critical short term projects in jeopardy. Our response time goal for Rank I calls is four (4) business hours. However, we will make every effort to respond immediately. NOTE: In a Rank I situation, the first actions taken by the Technical Support Specialist, in agreement with you, are to judge whether the most critical action is to get the system up and working. If both parties agree that getting the system up and working is the top priority, be aware that you might lose diagnostic information that could help establish the cause of the problem, thus making the process of determining the cause more difficult. In the event that this diagnostic information is lost, Forte Technical Support will still make reasonable efforts to help you to determine the cause of the problem. If You and the Technical Support Specialist agree that there is time to collect the diagnostic information, this action will be carried out immediately. Calling Us Back Although we make every effort to keep you updated about the progress of your call, we also invite you to call to get the latest information and status. When you return a call to Forte Technical Support, please give us your call number so that we can retrieve your call status, If your call has changed in priority, please let us know so your call can be upgraded. If you have been able to solve the problem on your own, and the call can be closed, we would appreciate that information, tool. Call Escalation When a call is not being fixed within the agreed-upon time frame, the Director of Services and Support can activate the following procedure: . Assign sufficient skilled personnel to investigate the problem. . Notify senior Forte personnel that the error has been reported and that the escalation procedure has been activated. Technical Support will notify the relevant Forte Sales Representative, Sales Manager, and senior Pre-sales Representative, and will work with these people to ensure that a business focus as well as a technical focus is maintained until the error is brought under control. . Work with the customer to build an action plan to resolve the issues. During the period of the escalation Forte will provide regular updates to the customer at both a management and a technical level. 10. Call Resolution how to use charles proxy We close a call when we have confirmed with you that the call is resolved. A call is considered resolved when: . The problem is known not to recur or the defect has been rectified. . The apparent problem has been found to not really exist -- a misunderstanding or short term difficulty has ceased m exist. . The call occurred because of user inexperience and this is in the process of being rectified. In this instance. Forte strongly recommends the user attend the appropriate Font Training course, Making Test Cases In the process of diagnosing your problem, you might need to create a test case, especially if you think you have found a defect in our product. Please make the test case as small as Unity Pro 2020 Crack with License Key Generator and design it for portability. A test case should not include an entire application. It should be a subset of the application code -- for example, five to fifty lines -- and contain a small amount of data. In the come of narrowing down the problem, you isolate the code that causes the defect and you might realize that the problem is not a defect, but rather user error. When the Technical Support Specialist reports to Forte Engineering, the test case helps to ensure that when a fix is made, the fix will address your specific problem. Any changes to our code will be tested against your test case, Fixing a Defect Should a defect occur in a release, Forte will attempt to find a workaround for the problem. If a workaround exists, we will supply it NVIDIA GeForce Experience 3.23.0.74 Crack With License Key Download, The defect will be logged to the attention of Engineering and we will request that a fix be made in the next new feature production release, maintenance release, or customized emergency patch. When requesting a fix from Engineering, the Technical Support Specialist may ask you for help with certain information, such as: . How docs the defect affect your site? . What turnaround time do you request for the fix? . Have you tried all suggested workarounds, and if so, have they proven to be to difficult to implement? 11. This information ensures that Engineering understands the impact on customer business, as well as the technical nature of the problem. Out Engineering resources can then be allocated on a priority basis. If you should discover a defect of a "showstopper" type and a workaround is not available, we can "emergency patch" the codeline for your site, Due to time constrains, this patch will undergo minimal testing, but it will be tested against your submitted test case to ensure that it meets your requirements. This patch will also be made available to or. her customers who have experienced the same reported problem. Release Management Process Forte's product plan provides for a new feature product release every 15 months or so, with a maintenance release in between. With this schedule, a great deal of dine and effort goes into testing for product quality. Therefore, it is our policy to emergency patch the codeline as little as possible, since required changes will normally be made in the maintenance and new feature releases, which are then made available to our full customer base. It is important that you understand the release model outlined above, and use it in the planning of your own application development schedules. You should plan to do some level of testing as early as possible before each maintenance or new feature production release. You need to work proactively with Forte Technical Support to ensure that your issues are raised and fixed within a timeframe that allows them to be incorporated into the new release schedule. In this way, we can work together to ensure your success. Feedback on the Quality of Technical Support The management and staff of the Forte Technical Support Center are committed to providing you with world class quality and responsive service. We are always interested in meeting your needs and expectations. Your suggestions for enhancing the function and effectiveness of our service are always welcome. Any comments or suggestions may be sent to the Director of Customer Services and Support or to your local sales representative. Other Forte Services Offered There are other services that Forte can provide to complement Forte Technical Support. If you would like to order any of these services or need additional information about them, please contact your local Forte Sales Office. Training The Education Services group provides Forte users with an ever-expanding range of instruction. Classes are taught at our training centers or at customer locations. Course descriptions and current schedules are available by calling the Training Registrar at: 12. (000) 000-0000 or by calling your Forte sales office. Consulting Forte provides a number of on-site consulting services. In addition, Forte works closely with many integrator Forte Notation FORTE 11 Free Activate who are skilled in providing Forte application development services. Our consulting staff can assist you directly or in conjunction with an integrator. We offer product installation, a range of quality assurance services, technical product consulting, and Forte performance tuning, all of which are designed to help you achieve success in your system development projects. The Forte Consulting group can also provide specialist services and on-site technical product consulting as a partner of both the integrator and your organization. The benefits of using Forte Consulting Services are: . We provide you with an independent, experienced evaluation of your application architecture and system design to ensure that your business objectives are achieved by: . Correcting design problems prior to major system development to reduce costs and development time, and increase flexibility. . Evaluating your design techniques and approaches. Our consultants can offer ideas that might not have been considered. . We ask the "hard" questions and raise issues which might be difficult for your project team m address, While you retain the responsibility for the ultimate decision, alternative recommendations provide a basis for resolution. . We recommend design techniques for improving performance, flexibility, and productivity. . We assist your management with strategic planning as well as technical direction. . We provide on-the-job knowledge transfer to your staff by working with you on design Forte Notation FORTE 11 Free Activate. This type of training enhances the current project and the techniques you learn will be valuable in future design efforts. To discuss how Forte Consulting can help you, please contact your Forte Sales Office or the Director of Services and Support. We will discuss your requirements and develop a "deliverables schedule/" /to meet your objectives. Documentation 13. The Forte Technical Publications group, which is part of our Engineering organization, writes and publishes all documentation manuals which are distributed with the product. Problems with documentation and suggestions to improve the manual set can be addressed to Forte Technical Support. If you need more copies of any Forte documentation or want pricing information, please contact your local Forte Sales office. Forte Manuals Forte has an ever-expanding list of product manuals. The manuals currently available are: . Accessing Databases . A Guide to the Forte Workshops . Building International Applications . Display Library . Forte Installation Guide . Framework Library . Integrating with External Systems . System Management Guide . SystemMonitor Library . TOOL Reference Manual . Using Forte Express (available in early 1996) Special Interface Projects Our experienced specialists can help you with any Forte specific technical issues not covered in the services outlined above. If you require a special Forte interface for your site, or other specialized assistance with Forte we can help. For more information, please call your local Sales Office. Ordering more copies If you would like more copies of this guide, please call Forte Technical Support at: (000) 000-0000 or fax us at (000) 000-0000 In this section: Kaspersky 2019 Crack - Crack Key For U 14. . Forte Technical Support Call Log Forms . Forte Technical Support Registration Form . Forte Sales Office Locations Forte Technical Support Call Log Form Call Ref. Forte Technical Support Registration Form Please complete and fax co Technical Support at (000) 000-0000. Forte Sales Office Location - USA CALIFORNIA MINNESOTA Forte Software, Inc. Forte Software, Inc. Corporate Headquarters 0000 Xxxxxxxxxx Xxxx Xxxx., Xxxxx 000 Xxxxxxxx Xxxxxx Xxxxxxxxxxx, XX 00000 Xxxxxxx, XX 00000 000-000-0000 000-000-0000 Forte Software, Inc. NEW JERSEY 00 Xxxxxxx Xxxxxxxxx Xxxxx Xxxxx Xxxxxxxx, Inc. Xxxxx 000 00 Xxxx Xxxxxx Xxxxx, Xxxxx 000 Xxx Xxxxxxx, XX 00000 Xxxxxx, XX 00000 643-4494 000-000-0000 COLORADO NEW YORK Forte Software, Inc. Forte Software, Inc. Interstate North Parkway 00 Xxxx Xxxxxx, Xxx. 0000 Xxxxx 000 Xxx Xxxx, XX 1600 Xxxxxxx, XX 00000 000-000-0000 980-6745 GEORGIA TEXAS Forte Software, Inc. Forte Software, Inc. Interstate North Parkway, Ste. 700 0000 XXX Xxxxxxx, Xxxxx 000 Xxxxxxx, XX 00000 Xxxxxx, XX 00000 980-6745 000-000-0000 ILLINOIS XXXXXXXX Xxxxx Software, Inc. Forte Software, Inc. W. 22nd Street 0000 Xxxxxxxxx Xxxxx, 0xx Xxxxx Xxxxx Xxxxx XxXxxx, XX 00000 Xxxxxxxx, XX 00000 000-000-0000 684-2255 MASSACHUSETTS WASHINGTON Forte Software, Inc. Forte Software, Inc. Burlington Mall Road 000 000xx X.X., Xxxxx 000 Xxxxx 000 Xxxxxxxx, XX 00000 Xxxxxxxxx, XX 00000 000-000-0000 000-0000 18. Forte Sales Office Location - International FRANCE GERMANY Forte Software, Inc. Forte Software, Inc. Avenue Xxxxxxx de Gaulle XXXXXXXXXXXXXX 00 Xxxxxxx xxx Xxxxx Xxxxxxxxx xx Xxxx Xxxxxx Germany 00-0-00-00-00-00 00-000-000-0000 UNITED KINGDOM Forte Software (UK) Ltd. Xxxxxx Xxxx Xxxxxxxxx Xxxxxx Xxxxxxx 44-1344-4821-00 19. Exhibit G --------- Technology Escrow Agreement Enrollment -------------------------------------- [*]= CERTAIN INFORMATION IN THIS EXHIBIT HAS BEEN OMITTED AND FILED SEPARATELY WITH THE COMMISSION. CONFIDENTIAL TREATMENT HAS BEEN REQUESTED WITH RESPECT TO THE OMITTED PORTIONS. TECHNOLOGY ESCROW AGREEMENT THIS TECHNOLOGY ESCROW AGREEMENT including any Appendices and Exhibits ("Agreement") is effective this 12th day of July 1995, by and among FILESAFE, a California limited partnership ("Escrow Agent"), FORTE SOFTWARE, INC., a California
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Harpsichord

Plucked-string keyboard instrument

This harpsichord is the work of two celebrated makers: originally constructed by Andreas Ruckersin Antwerp (1646), it was later remodeled and expanded by Pascal Taskinin Paris (1780).

A harpsichord (Italian: clavicembalo, French: clavecin, German: Cembalo, Spanish: clavecín, Portuguese: cravo, Dutch: klavecimbel) is a musical instrument played by means of a keyboard. This activates a row of levers that turn a trigger mechanism that plucks one or more strings with a small plectrum made from quill or plastic. The strings are under tension on a soundboard, which is mounted in a wooden case; the soundboard amplifies the vibrations from the strings so that the listeners can hear it. Like a pipe organ, a harpsichord may have more than one keyboard manual,[1] and even a pedal board. Harpsichords may also have stop buttons which add or remove additional octaves. Some harpsichords may have a buff stop, which brings a strip of buff leather or other material in contact with the strings, muting their sound to simulate the sound of a plucked lute.[2]

The term denotes the whole family of similar plucked-keyboard instruments, including the smaller virginals, muselar, and spinet. The harpsichord was widely used in Renaissance and Baroque music, both as an accompaniment instrument and as a soloing instrument. During the Baroque era, the harpsichord was a standard part of the continuo group. The basso continuo part acted as the foundation for many musical pieces in this era. During the late 18th century, with the development of the fortepiano (and then the increasing use of the piano in the 19th century) the harpsichord gradually disappeared from the musical scene (except in opera, where it continued to be used to accompany recitative). In the 20th century, it made a resurgence, being used in historically informed performances of older music, in new compositions, and, in rare cases, in certain styles of popular music (e.g., Baroque pop).

History[edit]

An early diagram of a vertical harpsichord (clavicytherium) by Arnault de Zwolle, c. 1430

Main article: History of the harpsichord

The harpsichord was most likely invented in the late Middle Ages. By the 16th century, harpsichord makers in Italy were making lightweight instruments with low string tension. A different approach was taken in the Southern Netherlands starting in the late 16th century, notably by the Ruckers family. Their harpsichords used a heavier construction and produced a more powerful and distinctive tone. They included the first harpsichords with two keyboards, used for transposition.

The Flemish instruments served as the model for 18th-century harpsichord construction in other nations. In France, the double keyboards were adapted to control different choirs of strings, making a more musically flexible instrument. Instruments from the peak of the French tradition, by makers such as the Blanchet family and Pascal Taskin, are among the most widely admired of all harpsichords, and are frequently used as models for the construction of modern instruments. In England, the Kirkman and Shudi firms produced sophisticated harpsichords of great power and sonority. German builders extended the sound repertoire of the instrument by adding sixteen-foot and two-foot choirs; these instruments have recently served as models for modern builders.

Around the year 1700 the first piano was built.[3] The piano uses percussion, the strings being struck with muffled wooden hammers instead of being plucked. The piano is capable of a quieter sound, which is why it has the name it has. The piano also allows variation in volume, which the harpsichord did not.[4] By the late 18th century the harpsichord was supplanted by the piano and almost disappeared from view for most of the 19th century: an exception was its continued use in opera for accompanying recitative, but the piano sometimes displaced it even there.

Twentieth-century efforts to revive the harpsichord began with instruments that used piano technology, with heavy strings and metal frames. Starting in the middle of the 20th century, ideas about harpsichord making underwent a major change, when builders such as Frank Hubbard, William Dowd, and Martin Skowroneck sought to re-establish the building traditions of the Baroque period. Harpsichords of this type of historically informed building practice dominate the current scene.

Mechanism[edit]

Harpsichords vary in size and shape, but all have the same basic mechanism. The player depresses a key that rocks over a pivot in the middle of its length. The other end of the key lifts a jack (a long strip of wood) that holds a small plectrum (a wedge-shaped piece of quill, often made of plastic in the 21st century), which plucks the string. When the player releases the key, the far end returns to its rest position, and the jack falls back; the plectrum, mounted on a tongue mechanism that can swivel backwards away from the string, passes the string without plucking it again. As the key reaches its rest position, a felt damper atop the jack stops the string's vibrations. These basic principles are explained in detail below.

Figure 1. Schematic view of a 2 × 8' single manual harpsichord
  • The keylever is a simple pivot, which rocks on a balance pin that passes through a hole drilled through the keylever.
  • The jack is a thin, rectangular piece of wood that sits upright on the end of the keylever. The jacks are held in place by the registers. These are two long strips of wood (the upper movable, the lower fixed), which run in the gap between pinblock and bellyrail. The registers have rectangular mortises (holes) through which the jacks pass as they can move up and down. The registers hold the jacks in the precise location needed to pluck the string.
    Figure 2. Upper part of a jack
  • In the jack, a plectrum juts out almost horizontally (normally the plectrum is angled upwards a tiny amount) and passes just under the string. Historically, plectra were made of bird quill or leather; many modern harpsichords have plastic (delrin or celcon) plectra.
  • When the front of the key is pressed, the back of the key rises, the jack is lifted, and the plectrum plucks the string.
  • The vertical motion of the jack is then stopped by the jackrail (also called the upper rail), which is covered with soft felt to muffle the impact.
    Figure 3: how the harpsichord action works
  • When the vuescan 9 x32 serial number free - Crack Key For U is released, the jack falls back down under its own weight, and the plectrum passes back under the string. This is made possible by having the plectrum held in a tongue attached with a pivot and a spring to the body of the jack. The bottom surface of the plectrum is cut at a slant; thus when the descending plectrum touches the string from above, the angled lower surface provides enough force to push the tongue backward.
  • When the jack arrives in fully lowered position, the felt damper touches the string, causing the note to cease.

Strings, tuning, and soundboard[edit]

Sound board of a harpsichord with Chladnipatterns
Detail of the harpsichord by Karl Conrad Fleischer; Hamburg, 1720 in Museu de la Música de Barcelona. A decorative rose descends below the soundboard in which it is mounted; the soundboard itself is adorned with floral painting around the rose. The bridge is at lower right.

Each string is wound around a tuning pin (also known as a wrest pin) at the end nearest the player. When rotated with a wrench or tuning hammer, the tuning pin adjusts the tension so that the string sounds the correct pitch. Tuning pins are held tightly in holes drilled in the pinblock or wrestplank, an oblong hardwood plank. Proceeding from the tuning pin, a string next passes over the nut, a sharp edge that is made of hardwood and is normally attached to the wrestplank. The section of the string beyond the nut forms its vibrating length, which is plucked and creates sound.

At the other end of its vibrating length, the string passes over the bridge, another sharp edge made of hardwood. As with the nut, the horizontal position of the string along the bridge is determined by a vertical metal pin inserted into the bridge, against which the string rests. The bridge itself rests on a soundboard, a thin panel of wood usually made of spruce, fir or—in some Italian harpsichords—cypress. The soundboard efficiently transmits the vibrations of the strings into vibrations in the air; without a soundboard, the strings would produce only a very feeble sound. A string is attached at its far end by a loop to Euro Truck Simulator 3 Crack + Product Key Free Download 2021 hitchpin that secures it to the case.

Multiple manuals and choirs of strings[edit]

While many harpsichords have one string per note, more elaborate harpsichords can have two or more strings for each note. When there are multiple strings for each note, these additional strings are called "choirs" of strings. This provides two advantages: the ability to vary volume and ability to vary tonal quality. Volume is increased when the mechanism of the instrument is set up by the player (see below) so that the press of a single key plucks more than one string. Tonal quality can be varied in two ways. First, different choirs of strings can be designed to have distinct tonal qualities, usually by having one set of strings plucked closer to the nut, which emphasizes the higher harmonics, and produces a "nasal" sound quality. The mechanism of the instrument, called "stops" (following the use of the term in pipe organs) permits the player to select one choir or the other. Second, having one key pluck two strings at once changes not just volume but also tonal quality; for instance, when two strings tuned to the same pitch are plucked simultaneously, the note is not just louder but also richer and more complex.

A particularly vivid effect is obtained when the strings plucked simultaneously are an octave apart. This is normally heard by the ear not as two pitches but as one: the sound of the higher string is blended with that of the lower one, and the VideoSolo Video Converter Ultimate keygen - Crack Key For U hears the lower pitch, enriched in tonal quality by the additional strength in the upper harmonics of the note sounded by the higher string.

When describing a harpsichord it is customary to specify its choirs of strings, often called its disposition. To describe the pitch of the choirs of strings, pipe organ terminology is used. Strings at eight-foot pitch (8') sound at the normal expected pitch, strings at four-foot pitch (4') sound an octave higher. Harpsichords occasionally include a sixteen-foot (16') choir (one octave lower than eight-foot) or a two-foot (2') choir (two octaves higher; quite rare). When there are multiple choirs of strings, the player is often able to control which choirs sound. This is usually done by having a set of jacks for each choir, and a mechanism for "turning off" each set, often by moving the upper register (through which the jacks slide) sideways a short distance, so that their plectra miss the strings. In simpler instruments this is done by manually moving the registers, but as the harpsichord evolved, builders invented levers, knee levers and pedal mechanisms to make it easier to change registration.

Harpsichords with more than one keyboard (this usually means two keyboards, stacked one on top of the other in a step-wise fashion, as with pipe organs) provide flexibility in selecting which strings play, since each manual can be set to control the plucking of a different set of strings. This means that a player can have, for instance, an 8' manual and a 4' manual ready for use, enabling him to switch between them to obtain higher (or lower) pitches or different tone. In addition, such harpsichords often have a mechanism (the "coupler") that couples manuals together, so that a single manual plays both sets of strings.

The most flexible system is the French "shove coupler", in which the lower manual slides forward and backward. In the backward position, "dogs" attached to the upper surface of the lower manual engage the lower surface of the upper manual's keys. Depending on choice of keyboard and coupler position, the player can select any of the sets of jacks labeled in "figure 4" as A, or B and C, or all three.

Figure 4. French shove coupler. To the left: uncoupled keyboards. The depressed upper key lifts the jack A upwards. The depressed lower key lifts jacks B and C. To the right: The upper keyboard is coupled to the lower one by pulling the latter. The depressed upper key lifts the jack A upwards. The depressed lower key lifts jacks A, B and C.

The English "dogleg" jack system (also used in Baroque Flanders) does not require a coupler. The jacks labeled A in Figure 5 have a "dogleg" shape Actual Multiple Monitors Activation key permits either keyboard to play A. If the player wishes to play the upper 8' from the upper manual only and not from the lower manual, a stop handle disengages the jacks labeled A and engages instead an alternative row of jacks called "lute stop" (not shown in the Figure). A lute stop is used to imitate the gentle sound of a plucked lute.[6]

Figure 5. Dogleg jack, English coupler system. When depressed, the upper key lifts the "dogleg" jack (jack A) upwards. The lower key lifts all three jacks A, B, and C.

The use of multiple manuals in a harpsichord was not originally provided for the flexibility in choosing which strings would sound, but rather for transposition of the instrument to play in different keys (see History of the harpsichord).

Some early harpsichords and organs had a short octavein the lowest register. It replaced rarely used bass notes with more widely used notes.

Some early harpsichords used a short octave for the lowest register. The rationale behind this system was that the low notes F♯ and G♯ are seldom needed in early music. Deep bass notes typically form the root of the chord, and F♯ and G♯ chords were seldom used at this time. In contrast, low C and D, both roots of very common chords, are sorely missed if a harpsichord with lowest key E is tuned to match the keyboard layout. When scholars specify the pitch range of instruments with this kind of short octave, they write "C/E", meaning that the lowest note is a C, played on a key that normally would sound E. In another arrangement, known as "G/B', the apparent lowest key B is tuned to G, and apparent C-sharp and D-sharp are tuned to A and B respectively.

Case[edit]

The wooden case holds in position all of the important structural members: pinblock, soundboard, hitchpins, keyboard, and the jack action. It usually includes a solid bottom, and also internal bracing to maintain its form without warping under the tension of the strings. Cases vary greatly in weight and sturdiness: Italian harpsichords are often of light construction; heavier construction is found in the later Flemish instruments and those derived from them.

A false inner–outer harpsichord from the Deutsches Museumin Munich. The false inner case begins to the right of the keyboard, and continues backward only far enough to provide a slot to support the jack rail.

The case also gives the harpsichord its external appearance and protects the instrument. A large harpsichord is, in a sense, a piece of furniture, as it stands alone on legs and may be styled in the manner of other furniture of its place and period. Early Italian instruments, on the other hand, were so light in construction that they were treated rather like a violin: kept for storage in a protective outer case, and played after taking it out of its case and placing it on a table.[7] Such tables were often quite high – until the late 18th century people usually played standing up.[7] Eventually, harpsichords came to be built with just a single case, though an intermediate stage also existed: the false inner–outer, which for purely Forte Notation FORTE 11 Free Activate reasons was built to look as if the outer case contained an inner one, in the old style.[8] Even after harpsichords became self-encased objects, they often were supported by separate stands, and some modern harpsichords have separate legs for improved portability.

Many harpsichords have a lid that can be raised, a cover for the keyboard, and a music stand for holding sheet music and scores.

Harpsichords have been decorated in a great many different ways: with plain buff paint (e.g. some Flemish instruments), with paper printed with patterns, with leather or velvet coverings, with chinoiserie, or occasionally with highly elaborate painted artwork.[9]

Variants[edit]

Virginals[edit]

Main article: Virginals

The virginal is a smaller and simpler rectangular form of the harpsichord having only one string per note; the strings run parallel to the keyboard, which is on the long side of the case.

Spinet[edit]

Main article: Spinet

A spinet is a harpsichord with the strings set at an angle (usually about 30 degrees) to the keyboard. The strings are too close together for the jacks to fit between them. Instead, the strings are arranged in pairs, and the jacks are in the larger gaps between the pairs. The two jacks in each gap face in opposite directions, and each plucks a string adjacent to the gap.

The English diarist Samuel Pepys mentions his "tryangle" several times. This was not the percussion instrument that we call triangle today; rather, it was a name for octave-pitched spinets, which were triangular in shape.

Clavicytherium[edit]

Main article: Clavicytherium

A clavicytherium is a harpsichord with the soundboard and strings mounted vertically facing the player, the same space-saving principle as an upright piano. In a clavicytherium, the jacks move horizontally without the assistance of gravity, so that clavicytherium actions are more complex than those of other harpsichords.

An ottavino built by Arnold Dolmetschin 1923, and modeled after a 1698 instrument by Joannes Carcassi

Ottavino[edit]

Ottavini are small spinets or virginals at four-foot pitch. Harpsichords at octave pitch were more common in the early Renaissance, but lessened in popularity later on. However, the ottavino remained very popular as a domestic instrument in Italy until the 19th century. In the Low Countries, an ottavino was commonly paired with an 8' virginals, encased in a small cubby under the soundboard of the larger instrument. The ottavino could be removed and placed on top of the virginal, making, in effect, a double manual instrument. These are sometimes called 'mother-and-child' or 'double' virginals.[12][13]

Pedal harpsichord[edit]

Occasionally, harpsichords were built which included another set or sets of strings underneath and played by foot-operated pedal keyboard which trigger the plucking of the lowest-pitched keys of the harpsichord. Although there are no known extant pedal harpsichords from the 18th century or before, from Adlung (1758): the lower set of usually 8' strings ".is built like an ordinary harpsichord, but with an extent of two octaves only. The jacks are similar, but they will benefit from being arranged back to back, since the two [bass] octaves take as much space as four in an ordinary harpsichord[14] Prior to 1980 when Keith Hill introduced his design for a pedal harpsichord, most pedal harpsichords were built based on the designs of extant pedal pianos from the 19th century, in which the instrument is as wide as the pedalboard.[15] While these were mostly intended as practice instruments for organists, a few pieces are believed to have been written specifically for the pedal harpsichord. However, the set of pedals can augment the sound from any piece performed on the instrument, as demonstrated on several albums by E. Power Biggs.[16]

Other variants[edit]

The archicembalo, built in the 16th century, had an unusual keyboard layout, designed to accommodate variant tuning systems demanded by compositional practice and theoretical experimentation. More common were instruments with split sharps, also designed to accommodate the tuning systems of the time.

The folding harpsichord was an instrument that could be folded up to make it more compact, thus facilitating travelling with it.

Compass and pitch range[edit]

On the whole, earlier harpsichords have smaller ranges than later ones, although there are many exceptions. The largest harpsichords have a range of just over five octaves, and the smallest have under four. Usually, the shortest keyboards were given extended range in the bass with a "short octave". The traditional pitch range for a 5-octave instrument is F1–F6 (FF–f‴).

Tuning pitch is often taken to be A4 = 415 Hz, roughly a semitone lower than the modern standard concert pitch of A4 = 440 Hz. An accepted exception is for French baroque repertoire, which is often performed with a = 392 Hz, approximately a semitone lower again. See Jean-Philippe Rameau's Treatise on Harmony (1722) [Dover Publications], Book One, chapter five, for insight into French baroque tuning; "Since most of these semitones are absolutely necessary in the tuning of organs and other similar instruments, the following chromatic system has been drawn up." Tuning an instrument nowadays usually starts with setting an A; historically it would commence from a C or an F.

Some modern instruments are built with keyboards that can shift sideways, allowing the player to align the mechanism with strings at either A = 415 Hz or A = 440 Hz. If a tuning other than equal temperament is used, the instrument requires retuning once the keyboard is shifted.[17]

Music[edit]

Classical period[edit]

The great bulk of the standard repertoire for the harpsichord was written during its first historical flowering, the Renaissance and Baroque eras.

The first music written specifically for solo harpsichord was published around the early 16th century. Composers who wrote solo harpsichord music were numerous during the whole Baroque era in European countries including Italy, Germany, England and France. Solo harpsichord compositions included dance suites, fantasias, and fugues. Among the most famous composers who wrote for the harpsichord were the members of English virginal school of the late Renaissance, notably William Byrd (ca. 1540–1623). In France, a great number of highly characteristic solo works firefox cracker - Crack Key For U created and compiled into four books of ordres by François Couperin (1668–1733). Domenico Scarlatti (1685–1757) began his career in Italy but wrote most of his solo harpsichord works in Spain; his most famous work is his series of 555 harpsichord sonatas. Perhaps the most celebrated composers who wrote for the harpsichord were Georg Friedrich Händel (1685–1759), who composed numerous suites for harpsichord, and especially J. S. Bach (1685–1750), whose solo works (for instance, the Well-Tempered Clavier and the Goldberg Variations), continue to be performed very widely, often on the piano. Bach was also a pioneer of the harpsichord concerto, both in works designated as such, and in the harpsichord part of his Fifth Brandenburg Concerto.

Two of the most prominent composers of the Classical era, Joseph Haydn (1732–1809) and Wolfgang Amadeus Mozart (1756–1791), wrote harpsichord music. For both, the instrument featured in the earlier period of their careers, and although they had come into contact with the piano later on, they nonetheless continued to play the harpsichord and clavichord for the rest of their lives. Mozart was noted to have played his second last keyboard concerto (the "Coronation") on the harpsichord.[citation needed]

Revival[edit]

Main article: Contemporary harpsichord

Through the 19th century, the harpsichord was almost completely supplanted by the piano. In the 20th century, composers returned to the instrument, as they sought out variation in the sounds available to them. Under the influence of Arnold Dolmetsch, the harpsichordistsViolet Gordon-Woodhouse (1872–1951) and in France, Wanda Landowska (1879–1959), were at the forefront of the instrument's renaissance. Concertos for the instrument were written by Francis Poulenc (the Concert champêtre, 1927–28), and Manuel de Falla. Elliott Carter's Double Concerto is scored for harpsichord, piano and two chamber orchestras. For a detailed account of music composed for the revived harpsichord, see Contemporary harpsichord.

See also[edit]

Notes[edit]

  1. ^In virtually all instances, "more than one" means two. For the one known three-manual instrument, see Hieronymus Albrecht Hass. For forged three-manual instruments, Swiftshader Crack 6.0 Plus Serial Key Full Version Free Download (2021) Leopoldo Franciolini.
  2. ^Ripin, Edwin M.; Koster, John (2001). "Buff stop [harp stop and (erroneously) lute stop]". Grove Music Online. doi:10.1093/gmo/9781561592630.article.04266. ISBN . Retrieved 18 April 2021.
  3. ^Erlich, Cyril (1990). The Piano: A History. Oxford University Press, USA; Revised edition. ISBN .
  4. ^Wraight, Denzil (2006). "Recent Approaches in Understanding Cristofori's Fortepiano". Early Music. 34 (4): 635–644. doi:10.1093/em/cal050. ISSN 0306-1078. JSTOR 4137311. S2CID 191481821.
  5. ^Find full details in Hubbard 1967, p. 133 ff., Russell 1973, p. 65 ff., Kottick 2003.
  6. ^ abHubbard 1967, p. 19
  7. ^Hubbard 1967, p. 20
  8. ^Hubbard 1967, various locations
  9. ^Marchand, Leslie Alexis (1973). Byron's letters and journals: 1816–1817 : 'So late into the night'. Harvard: Harvard University Press. p. 75. ISBN . "Model IX is the famous double virginal. An ottavino of model VIII is inserted into the case of the virginal like a drawer slipping into a bureau."
  10. ^Ottavino at rawbw.com
  11. ^"Pedal Harpsichords". Harpsichord.org.uk. Archived from the original on 23 May 2013. Retrieved 22 May 2013.
  12. ^"About Leith Hill". Keith Hill – Instrument Maker. Retrieved 2018-04-30.
  13. ^"Bach on the Pedal Harpsichord by E. Power Biggs at". Jsbach.org. 20 May 1995. Archived from the original on 12 September 2018. Retrieved 22 May 2013.
  14. ^"The Transposing Keyboard". Hubharp.com. Retrieved 22 May 2013.

References[edit]

  • Dearling, Robert, ed. (1996). The Ultimate Encyclopedia of Musical Instruments. London: Carlton. ISBN .
  • Hubbard, Frank freemake video converter 4.1.10 keygen - Activators Patch. Three Centuries of Harpsichord Making (2 ed.). Harvard University Press. ISBN . An authoritative survey by a leading builder of how early harpsichords were built and how the harpsichord evolved over time in different national traditions.
  • Kottick, Edward (1987). The Harpsichord Owner's Guide. Chapel Hill: University of North Carolina Press.
  • Kottick, Edward (2003). A History of the Harpsichord. Indiana University Press. ISBN . An extensive survey by a leading contemporary scholar.
  • Russell, Raymond (1973). The Harpsichord and Clavichord: an introductory study (2nd ed.). London: Faber and Faber. ISBN .

Further reading[edit]

  • Boalch, Donald H. (1995) Makers of the Harpsichord and Clavichord, 1440–1840, 3rd ed., with updates by Andreas H. Roth and Charles Mould, Oxford University Press, ISBN 0-19-318429-X. A catalogue, originating with work by Download zemana antimalware full crack - Activators Patch in the 1950s, of all extant historical instruments.
  • O'Brien, Grant (1990) Ruckers, a harpsichord and virginal building tradition, Cambridge University Press, ISBN 0-521-36565-1. Covers the innovations of the Ruckers family, the founders of the Flemish tradition.
  • Skowroneck, Martin (2003) Cembalobau: Erfahrungen und Erkenntnisse aus der Werkstattpraxis [Harpsichord construction: a craftsman's workshop experience and insight], Fachbuchreihe Das Musikinstrument 83, Bergkirchen : Bochinsky, ISBN 3-932275-58-6. A study (written in English and German) of harpsichord building by a leading figure in the modern revival of historically authentic methods of building.
  • Zuckermann, Wolfgang (1969) The Modern Harpsichord: twentieth century instruments and their makers, New York : October House, ISBN 0-8079-0165-2
  • The New Grove: Early Keyboard Instruments. Macmillan, 1989 ISBN 0-393-02554-3. (material from here is also available online in Grove Music Online)

External links[edit]

Instruments

  • "Queen Elizabeth's Virginal". Furniture. Victoria and Albert Museum. Archived from the original on 30 June 2007. Retrieved 12 August 2007.
  • A few historic harpsichords from the collection at The Metropolitan Museum of Art
    • Double virginal by Hans Ruckers, Antwerp, 1581
    • Harpsichord by Jan Couchet, Antwerp, 1650
    • Octave virginal, Augsburg, ca. 1600
    • Spinetta or Virginal, Venice, ca. 1540
    • Golden Harpsichord by Michele Todini, Rome, ca. 1675
    • Harpsichord, Italy, late 17th century
    • Harpsichord by Pleyel et Cie, Paris, 1928
  • Three historic harpsichords from the Hans Adler Memorial collection at Witwatersrand University
  • Harpsichord attributed to Girolama Zenti, Viterbo, 1622 (Cobb Collection)
  • More than 450 Harpsichords at the MIMO (Musical Instruments Museums Online) portal

History

Listen

Images

Organisations

Craftsman insights

Music

Technical

  • About Harpsichords. Harpsichord builder Paul Y. Irvin treats the question of necessary and sufficient compass, and other instrument technicalities, in this section of his informative site.
Источник: https://en.wikipedia.org/wiki/Harpsichord

Single cell sequencing reveals endothelial plasticity with transient mesenchymal activation after myocardial infarction

Abstract

Endothelial cells play a critical role in the adaptation of tissues to injury. Tissue ischemia induced by infarction leads to profound changes in endothelial cell functions and can induce transition to a mesenchymal state. Here we explore the kinetics and individual cellular responses of endothelial cells after myocardial infarction by using single cell RNA sequencing. This study demonstrates a time dependent switch in endothelial cell proliferation and inflammation associated with transient changes in metabolic gene signatures. Trajectory analysis reveals that the majority of endothelial cells 3 to 7 days after myocardial infarction acquire a transient state, characterized by mesenchymal gene expression, which returns to baseline 14 days after injury. Lineage tracing, using the Cdh5-CreERT2;mT/mG mice followed by single cell RNA sequencing, confirms the transient mesenchymal transition and reveals additional hypoxic and inflammatory signatures of endothelial cells during early and late states after injury. These data suggest that endothelial cells undergo a transient mes-enchymal activation concomitant with a metabolic adaptation within the first days after myocardial infarction but do not acquire a long-term mesenchymal fate. This mesenchymal activation may facilitate endothelial cell migration and clonal expansion to regenerate the vascular network.

Introduction

The endothelium forms the inner layer of blood vessels and shows remarkable plasticity and heterogeneity in structure and function, in health and disease. Endothelial cells (ECs) form a vascular plexus during early development and differentiate into arterial, venous or lymphatic fates to establish a circulatory network. At later states, endothelial cells acquire organ specific properties essential for maintaining the function of the individual organs1,2. Certain ECs within the endocardium undergo a process named endothelial–mesenchymal transition (EndMT), to give rise to mesenchymal cells which are necessary for proper heart and valve development3,4,5. Transitions of endothelial cells to hematopoietic cells also occurs in embryonic development4,6. Throughout life, endothelial cells are exposed to various mechanical, inflammatory, and metabolic environments. Phenotypic changes are facilitated by high low-density lipoprotein (LDL) cholesterol, a pro-inflammatory state and turbulent flow patterns leading to endothelial activation. This contributes to the impairment of the vasodilatory activity (so called “endothelial dysfunction”), which plays a key role in the development of atherosclerotic lesions7. Switches in endothelial phenotypes additionally occur during blood vessel growth, which involves a critically fine-tuned and transient specialization of endothelial cells8. Endothelial “tip” cells migrate at the forefront and are followed by “stalk” cells, which elongate the sprout. The tip-stalk cell phenotype dynamically switches under control of vascular endothelial growth factor (VEGF) and Notch and involves metabolic reprogramming8,9,10. Recent single-cell RNA sequencing studies provide further insights into the heterogenic gene expression signatures of ECs in tumors, leading to the identification of metabolic plasticity and collagen modification as potential critical angiogenic players11,12. Under pathological pro-inflammatory conditions associated with high TGF-β2 levels, endothelial cells can undergo EndMT in adulthood4. EndMT was reported in tumors and was suggested to contribute to atherosclerosis13,14 and myocardial fibrosis after cardiac stress or injury15,16. However, recent fibroblast lineage tracings analyses suggest that the overall contribution of endothelial cells to the cardiac fibroblast population is limited17,18. A partial mes-enchymal transition or mesenchymal activation may also contribute to (patho)physiological vessel growth by facilitating a pro-migratory and pro-invasive EC phenotype19. In support of a role of mesenchymal activation of ECs in vessel growth, we recently demonstrated that clonally expanding ECs in ischemic tissue express mesenchymal markers20. However, the molecular signatures and plasticity of endothelial cells in response to ischemia in vivo are not well established. Here we show the adaptive responses of ECs to cardiac ischemia by using single-cell technology, a powerful tool capable of deciphering individual cellular responses and transcriptional signatures within tissue.

Results

Kinetics of EC inflammation, survival, and proliferation

Single-cell RNA sequencing of the non-cardiomyocyte fraction of murine hearts was performed at day 0 (homeostasis) and at day 1, 3, 5, 7, 14, 28 post myocardial infarction (MI)21. This revealed 19 cell clusters including 4 clusters of endothelial cells (demarcated by Cdh5 and Pecam1 expression), 6 fibroblast clusters, and 7 clusters of hematopoietic cells (Fig. 1a, b and Supplementary Fig. 1a). Consistent with induction of myocardial damage, total cell numbers declined from day 1 to 7 but controls confirmed that the quality of the sequencing and cell type annotations is comparable in all samples (Supplementary Table 1, Supplementary Fig. 1b, and Supplementary Data 1). The relative abundance of endothelial cells and mesenchymal cells declined during the first week after MI, corresponding with an influx of immune cells at early time points (Fig. 1c). Significantly augmented GO terms in EC clusters at day 1 post MI include the cellular response to hypoxia, positive regulation of inflammatory response, programmed cell death and angiogenesis (Fig. 1d). Representative genes of these pathways include the apoptosis related genes Bax and Trp53, the hypoxia induced factors Hif1a and Ldha, as well as the inflammatory cytokines Il1b, Il6, and Tnf (Fig. 1e). Between day 1 and 7, genes associated with epithelial mesenchymal transition, extracellular matrix organization and cellular Forte Notation FORTE 11 Free Activate were significantly enriched (Fig. 1d). The increase in EC proliferation was confirmed by bioinformatic analysis of cell cycle phases showing an increase in expression of cell cycle genes and number of ECs in S-phase at day 3, which is returned to homeostatic levels at day 14 after MI (Fig. 1f, g). Phospho histone H3 staining and published data22 confirm an increased proliferation of endothelial cells at day 3 (Supplementary Fig. 2). Interestingly, the cellular response to nitric oxide was repressed between days 1 and 14 (Fig. 1d).

a tSNE plot from pooled single-cell RNA sequencing data of non-cardiomyocytes from hearts after myocardial infarction (MI). Homeostasis (Hom), day(d) d1, d3, d5, d7, d14, and d28 post MI cardiovascular cells (n = 35,312 cells; n = 1 mouse per time point). We found seven cell types: fibroblasts (Fb), monocytes (Mono), endothelial cells (Ec), B-cells, T-cells, smooth muscle cells (Smc), and unknown (U). b tSNE plot highlighting scaled and normalized UMI counts for endothelial genes Cdh5 (VE-cadherin) and Pecam1 (CD31). c Kinetic of proportion of endothelial cells, macrophages, and mesenchymal cells relative to total number of cells per timepoint. Cell types were annotated based on Seurat’s clustering in a and markers as described in (Supplementary Fig. 1a). Data represent n = 1 mouse per timepoint, n = 4219 endothelial cells, n = 10,347 macrophages, n = 17,459 mesenchymal cells. d GO-Term enrichment of genes significantly regulated (Bonferroni adjusted p < 0.05) over time course in endothelial cells (Pecam1+/Cdh5+). Color indicates combined enrichment score (based on Enrichr software). Size indicates number of significant regulated genes per total genes in GO-Term. e Relative number of endothelial cells expressing (UMI ≥ 1) apoptosis marker genes (Bcl2-associated protein X; Bax and p53; Trp53), hypoxia marker genes (Hypoxia inducible factor; Hif1a and lactate dehydrogenase A; Ldha) and inflammation marker (Interleukin 1b and 6; Il1b and Il6 and tumor necrosis factor alpha; Tnf). Data represent n = 1 mouse per timepoint, n = 2905 Pecam1+/Cdh5+ positive cells. f Assignment of endothelial cell phase by Seurat’s ‘CellCycleScoring’ function. Data is presented as percentage per timepoint. P-value was calculated using Chi-squared test of independence with Yates correction, p = 0.0004. Data represent n = 1 mouse per timepoint, n = 2905 Pecam1+/Cdh5+ positive cells. g Individual fold change to homeostasis of significant (Bonferroni adjusted p < 0.05) markers for S-phase and G2/M-phase in d3 endothelial cells. Data shown as mean ± SEM. Data represent n = 1 mouse per timepoint, n = 2905 Pecam1+/Cdh5+ positive cells.

Full size image

ECs acquire a transient state of mesenchymal transition after MI

Next we used single-cell trajectory analysis to identify in an unbiased manner the different states which ECs acquired after MI. We could identify 5 states that are populated by Cdh5 and Pecam1 expressing ECs (Fig. 2a and Supplementary Fig. 3a). MI induced an increase in ECs associated with state 3, which is a predominantly pro-inflammatory state characterized by pathways involved in neutrophil activation, inflammatory response and cytokine Forte Notation FORTE 11 Free Activate (Fig. 2a, b and Supplementary Fig. 3a–d). The majority of ECs during the first week after MI, however, were found in state 4, which is characterized by the GO term extracellular matrix (Fig. 2b, Supplementary Fig. 3a, and Supplementary Fig. 3c). Specific genes enriched in state 4 include mesenchymal genes, cell cycle and proliferative genes, whereas transcripts involved in fatty acid up-take and signaling were down-regulated (Fig. 2b). The expression of these genes resembles the signature of EndMT or ECs undergoing mesenchymal activation. Representative upregulated genes of state 4 including Col3a1, Fn1 Serpine1 and others as shown in Fig. 2c, d. Endothelial marker genes, such as Cdh5 were down-regulated (Fig. 2c) in state 4. The induction of mesenchymal markers at day 3 after MI was confirmed by bulk RNA sequencing of isolated Cdh5+ cells (Fig. 2e). Interestingly, cell numbers in state 4 were only increased between days 1 and 7 and returned to baseline levels after 14 days (Fig. 2a). A similar kinetic was observed when analyzing the total EC population (clusters 6, 7, 17, and 18) for changes in EC or mesenchymal marker expression across MI time points (Fig. 2f, g). This suggests that EC acquire a transient mesenchymal activation (EndMA) state in the first week after MI.

a Pseudo-time trajectory analysis of endothelial cells (ECs), using significantly regulated genes between timepoints. Pie charts showing how many cells were assigned to each cluster relative to the total number of cells per timepoint. (n = 2905 cells, ECs were selected from data shown in Fig. 1b). b Dot plot showing fold-change (blue to red) of marker genes associated with fatty acid oxidation, mesenchymal identity, and cell cycle proliferation between trajectory states shown in a. Size indicates adjusted p-value for each gene in log10 scale. c Violin plot showing increased values of normalized UMI counts for mesenchymal markers (Col3a1 and Serpine1) and decreased values for endothelial marker (Cdh5) in trajectory state 4 (n = 694 cells), compared to other states (n = 2111 cells, p = 3.3 × 10−76 (Col3a1), p = 2.6 × 10−27 (Serpine1), p = 1.7 × 10−75 (Cdh5), bimodial likelihood-ratio test, Bonferroni adjusted p-values) d Filmora 7.5.0 Registration Code+Email Crack Free For Lifetime marker show significant upregulation between d1–d7 in ECs compared to baseline (homeostasis). Data is presented in average fold-change to homeostasis, mean ± standard deviation. e Bulk-RNA sequencing analysis of isolated endothelial cells comparing homeostasis (n = 4) and d3 after acute myocardial infarction (AMI; n = 3). Color indicates column-wise z-score (blue to red). f Heatmap of various endothelial marker, showing reduction of mean UMI levels at d1–d7 after infarction in ECs. Upper panel represents the mean z-score of all four endothelial markers per time point. Data is presented as mean ± SEM. g Comparison of Pecam1 (endothelial marker) and Fn1 (mesenchymal marker) levels. Every point indicates an individual cell. Boxes (quadrants, Q1 and Q3) show cells which are expressing the marker strongly (top 50% of all non-zero values). Percentage values are indicative of how many cells per timepoint are grouped in the respective box. Data represent n = 1 mouse per timepoint, Homeostasis n = 592 cells, d1 n = 71 cells, d3 n = 70 cells, d5 n = 181 cells, d7 n = 277 cells.

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Using a different bioinformatic analysis strategy by re-clustering the EC population, cells were separated into ECs lacking mesenchymal markers, lymphatic ECs (cluster 9), and ECs expressing mesenchymal genes (cluster 4–6; Supplementary Fig. 4a, b). We observed a similar loss of endothelial gene expression and gain of mesenchymal genes when excluding lymphatic ECs and the other non-EC cluster 11 and 12 from the analysis (Supplementary Fig. 4c, d). At early time points (d1–d7), ECs dominantly populated in clusters with mesenchymal genes and constitute the majority of EndMA cells. Moreover, this population showed more cells in state 4 of the trajectory analysis (Supplementary Fig. 4e–g), confirming the transient nature of EndMA. Consistently, mesenchymal protein expression in endothelial cells at days 3–7 after infarction was induced as assessed by immunostaining (Supplementary Fig. 5 and Supplementary Fig. 6a, b) and FACS analysis (Supplementary Fig. 6c). Furthermore, we exclude the possibility that EndMA cells may be simply removed by cell death, since we could not find Caspase3-positive endothelial cells expressing mesenchymal marker (Sm22) at d3 and d7 after infarction (Supplementary Fig. 7a) or enrichment for apoptosis specific gene signatures in EndMA cells (Supplementary Fig. 7b).

To provide further evidence that mesenchymal cells can revert to an endothelial cell phenotype, we performed collagen-tracing studies in Col1a2-CreERT2;mT/mG mice, traced at day 3 to day 7 after infarction (Supplementary Fig. 8a). Then we performed single-cell RNA sequencing and histology at day 28. Indeed, GFP+ cells were detectable in the endothelial avast download - Crack Key For U (Supplementary Fig. 8b), demonstrating that Col1a2 traced cells can become transcriptionally similar to endothelial cells between day 7 and day 28 after infarction. These results were confirmed by histology showing GFP expressing cells, which co-express the endothelial marker Isolectin B4 (Supplementary Fig. 8c).

To test if mesenchymal activation may contribute to endothelial proliferation and expansion, we inhibited mesenchymal transition with the TGF-β-inhibitor Galunisertib (LY2157299)23. We then assessed clonal expansion of ECs after MI using Confetti mice as previously described20. TGF-β-inhibitor treatment reduced the incidence of clonal expansion in Confetti mice 7 days after MI in the border zone by 79 ± 19% compared to infarcted controls (p = 0.03; Supplementary Fig. 9), suggesting that mesenchymal activation contributes to endothelial expansion.

Characterization of EndMA cells

To further characterize the ECs undergoing EndMA, we compared the transcriptome of endothelial cells, which express mesenchymal markers, to endothelial cells lacking DVBViewer Pro 6.1.5.2 Crack with Serial Code Free Download expression of these marker genes. As expected, EndMA cells showed a high expression of mesenchymal and extracellular matrix genes (Fig. 3a), enriched expression of genes associated with epithelial mesenchymal expression (Supplementary Fig. 10a, b) and GO terms associated with extracellular matrix organization, Pdgf binding, collagen synthesis, and organization (Fig. 3b). In contrast, ECs which are not undergoing EndMA showed high expression of genes involved in fatty acid signaling, ECs enriched transcription factors and GO terms associated with VEGF and VEGF-receptor response, carbohydrate transport, Wnt signaling, vascular development, and negative regulation of EC proliferation (Fig. 3a, b). The expression of metabolism-associated genes differs between EndMA positive and negative ECs. Since EC metabolism is known to play a critical role in endothelial plasticity and EndMT24, we performed a detailed analysis of the gene expression signatures related to glycolysis, citric acid cycle, glutamine, pentose phosphate pathway and fatty acid signaling (Fig. 3c). EndMA cells showed a high expression of glycolysis genes (Fig. 3c and Supplementary Fig. 10a), whereas the expression of fatty acid signaling, and tricarboxylic acid (TCA) cycle genes was reduced compared to ECs, which do not express mesenchymal markers (Fig. 3c), suggesting a metabolic switch from fatty acid towards a glycolytic metabolism during EndMA. Interestingly, analysis of the time course after MI demonstrates a transient switch of EC metabolism during days 1–3. Early induction of glycolysis genes at day 1 and a reduction of fatty acid signaling associated genes, such as Fabp4 at day 3 (Fig. 3d and Supplementary Fig. 11), documented an adaptation of EC metabolism during the time frame in which mesenchymal activation occurs. In vitro studies confirmed the induction of glycolysis upon TGF-β2-stimulation of endothelial cells (Supplementary Fig. 12a). Interestingly, carbon-13 glucose tracing confirmed the increasing utilization of glucose for glycolysis iMyFone LockWiper 7.4.1.2 Crack + Serial Number 2021 effects on glucose uptake (Supplementary Fig. 12b).

a Dot plot showing significant change (Bonferroni adjusted p < 0.05) of various mesenchymal, metabolism, and transcription factor genes in Pecam1+/Cdh5+/Serpine1+/Fn1+ cells (EndMA+) compared to other endothelial cells (Pecam1+/Cdh5+/mesenchymal marker-; EndMA) cells. Color indicates log-fold change (red to gray), size depicts significance level (log10p-value). b Top 10 enriched GO-terms ranked by Enrichr’s combined score for genes, significantly upregulated in EndMA+ and EndMA, respectively. c, d Heatmap showing gene regulation of genes associated with fatty acid (FA) signaling, pentose phosphate pathways (PPP), glutamine metabolism, tricarboxylic acid (TCA) cycle and glycolysis pathway comparing EndMA+, and EndMA and all other cells in the dataset (c) at the indicated time points in endothelial cells (d). Data is presented in row-wise z-score.

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EndMA may not only change intrinsic cell functions but also may affect cell-to-cell communication. To explore whether EndMA affects the interaction of ECs with other cells in the heart, we used bioinformatic assessment of ligand-receptor relations25. Weighted analysis of such interactions revealed that EndMA cells showed higher ligand-interaction relations compared to EndMA negative cells (Supplementary Fig. 13a, b). EndMA cells Reason 10 Crack - Free Activators increased outgoing signals involved in genes associated with the GO terms of extracellular matrix organization, Pdgf binding, and collagen fibril organization (Supplementary Fig. 13b–d). Analysis of the specific cell communication signatures between the cells revealed that EndMA cells overall have higher outgoing signals, particularly to ECs lacking mesenchymal markers (Supplementary Fig. 13a), suggesting that EndMA may affect the cell-to-cell communication in the heart after MI.

Cdh5-lineage tracing confirms the transient nature of EndMA after MI

Our data suggest that MI induces a transient metabolic and phenotypic switch in endothelial cells associated with EndMA. However, in the absence of lineage tracing, we may have missed ECs which fully transit to a mesenchymal phenotype and lost EC marker gene expression. To characterize the long-term fate of ECs, we used endothelial fate-mapped mT/mG reporter mice (Cdh5-CreERT2;mT/mG). Tamoxifen injection led to the expected induction of GFP in endothelial cells (Fig. 4a, b and Supplementary Fig. 14a). Analysis of GO terms associated with GFP+ cells after MI showed an early increase in pathways associated with cell death, response to hypoxia, and proliferation in early stages, as well as GO terms associated with augmented extracellular matrix and epithelial mesenchymal transition at later stages (Supplementary Fig. 14b). Thus, GFP+ cells showed similar gene expression signatures as the non-traced endothelial cells (Fig. 1d), supporting the hypothesis that EndMA is a transient phenomenon.

a tSNE plot showing all sequenced cells for all timepoints (Homeostasis, d1, d3, d7, d14, d28) in hearts of tamoxifen treated Cdh5-CreERT2;mT/mG animals (n = 15,365 cells, 1 mouse per time point). WiperSoft 2021 Crack + Keygen Number Free Download found four mesenchymal clusters (0,1,3,9), three endothelial clusters (2,8,13), three macrophage/monocyte clusters (4,7,11), four clusters of smooth muscle cells/pericytes (10,14,15,16), two clusters of T-cells (6,12), and one cluster of B-cells (5). b tSNE plot showing GFP+ traced endothelial cells (n = 1393 cells). c tSNE plot highlighting expression levels of endothelial marker (Pecam1, Cdh5, Vwf) and mesenchymal marker (Col1a1, Pdgfra, Serpine1) as scaled normalized UMI. d Left panel (green) displays relative number of cells expressing (UMI ≥ 1) GFP, Cdh5, and the mesenchymal markers (Col1a1, Serpine1, or Col3a1) per timepoint. Right panel (blue) shows population of cells not expressing Cdh5 in this context. Data represents n = 1 mouse per timepoint. Homeostasis n = 592 cells, d1 Infix PDF Editor Pro 7.6.2 Crack Activation key Free cells, d3 n = 44 cells, d7 n = 166 cells, d14 n = 304 cells, d28 n = 270 cells. e tSNE plot of reclustered GFP positive cells, showing 7 independent clusters. f Gene expression of different marker genes in different cluster shown in e. Color indicates the log-fold change (blue to red), size shows log p-value. g Relative number of cells assigned to the different clusters from (e) in homeostasis and d7. h, i Fold change of SM22 (TAGLN) (h) and Calponin (CNN1) (i) mRNA levels measured by qRTPCR (n = 3 independent experiments) in HUVECs treated with TGF-β2 supplemented medium (turquoise) and control medium (gray). Expression values were normalized to RPLP0. HUVECs cultured for 3 days in TGF-β2 and subsequent cultivation in control medium until 7 days are shown in green. P-value was calculated using Kruskal–Wallis test (p = 0.005 SM22, p = 0.006 CNN1). Data shown as mean ± SEM.

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To determine the kinetics of EndMA, we assessed the expression of mesenchymal markers in GFP+ cells at each timepoint. Interestingly, the number of GFP+ cells expressing the endothelial marker Cdh5 and mesenchymal markers, such as Col1a1, Col3a1, or Serpine1, augmented transiently with a maximum between days 3 and 7 (Fig. 4d). At later timepoints, we did not observe an increase in fully transited mesenchymal GFP+ cells lacking ECs markers (Fig. 4d, right panels).

In addition, we used an unbiased approach to determine the occurrence of GFP-traced EndMA cells after MI. Re-clustering of GFP+ cells led to the identification of a cluster of EndMA resembling cells (cluster 6), which showed a high expression of collagens but low expression of endothelial marker genes (Fig. 4e–g). Interestingly, the proportion of cells in cluster 6 was higher at day 7 (Fig. 4g), consistent with a transient mesenchymal transition of ECs after MI.

Mesenchymal transition is reversible in vitro

Our data suggest that ECs transiently acquire a reversible partial mesenchymal state after MI in vivo. To gain further insights into the reversibility of EndMT in vitro, we incubated ECs with TGF-β2 for 3 days and withdrew the stimulus. After 3 days of TGF-β2 treatment, ECs express the mesenchymal marker genes calponin (CNN1) and SM22 (TAGLN) (Fig. 4h, i, and Supplementary Fig. 15a–c). The withdrawal of TGF-β2 induced the reversion of mesenchymal marker gene expression to baseline levels within 7 days, whereas continuous incubation with TGF-β2 led to a further increase in mesenchymal marker gene expression (Fig. 4h, i). Similar findings were observed when inducing mesenchymal transition by a combination of TGF-β1, IL-1b and the nitric oxide synthase inhibitors (N-Nitroarginine methyl ester; L-NAME) (Supplementary Fig. 15d, e). Notably, mesenchymal gene expression induced by prolonged incubation with TGF-β2 for up to 10 days was reversed by replacement of the stimulus to control medium without TGF-β2 (Supplementary Fig. 15f, g). The reversible nature of EndMA was further supported by the coinciding metabolic adaptation of endothelial cells. TGF-β2 treatment induced the upregulation of glucose metabolism, which was fully reversed upon withdrawal to control medium (Supplementary Fig. 12b). To exclude that mesenchymal marker expressing endothelial cells are outcompeted by remaining endothelial cells, we additionally treated TGF-β2 stimulated cells with a cell cycle inhibitor and assessed the effect on the reversibility. However, cell cycle inhibition did not affect reversibility of EndMT (Supplementary Fig. 16).

To assess if TGF-β2 treatment leads to a true fate change, we analyzed DNA methylation of mesenchymal genes. We did not observe changes in DNA methylation levels in gene bodies within the mesenchymal genes COL4A1, TAGLN, and CNN1 after TGF-β2 stimulation and withdrawal (Supplementary Fig. 17a–c). However, we observed a reversible demethylation of regulatory regions upon TGF-β2 stimulation (Supplementary Fig. 17d). These observations confirm that mesenchymal gene expression induced by several different protocols is reversible and is associated with changes in DNA methylation of regulatory regions.

Discussion

The presented study provides a detailed analysis of EC gene expression signatures after cardiac ischemia. We demonstrate that ECs undergo a transient mesenchymal activation that is associated with profound metabolic adaptations (Supplementary Fig. 18). The transient nature of mesenchymal gene expression in endothelial cells was supported by Cdh5-lineage tracing studies, which demonstrated that Cdh5-traced cells transiently express transcripts typically associated with EndMT. Mesenchymal transcript expression in Cdh5-traced cells returns to levels detected in homeostasis fl studio free - Crack Key For U after more than 10 days post-myocardial infarction. Interestingly, the majority of mesenchymal gene expressing GFP+ traced cells retain a low expression of endothelial genes (Fig. 4d), suggesting that they undergo a transient EndMA rather than full EndMT. In support of a partial transition, our data show that most EndMA cells express modest levels of mesenchymal marker genes in comparison to bona fide fibroblasts (Supplementary Fig. 19). Consistent with our data demonstrating that only few GFP-traced cells fully lose their endothelial signature and express high levels of mesenchymal genes, recent single-cell RNA sequencing studies also failed to detect significant numbers of cells undergoing a full mesenchymal transition after myocardial infarction26. Initial studies have imposed the concept, that the conversion of endothelial cells to mesenchymal cells was a permanent shift between two differentiated cellular states. However, in the context of cardiac ischemia our study suggests that EndMA likely represents a reversible continuum in response to a hypoxic and inflammatory injury environment, instead of a differentiation process in its classical sense. This model is consistent with our in vitro study clearly documenting a reversible nature of EndMA after removal of EndMT promoting stimuli. Interestingly, similar findings on endothelial cells were already reported in 1992, demonstrating that withdrawal of TGF-β1 after 10 days incubation resulted in the re-appearance of polygonal cells with an endothelial phenotype27. However, the mechanisms by which this switch back to an endothelial phenotype occurs and if this includes epigenetic changes is unclear. Our in vitro experiments utilizing endothelial cells did not show changes in DNA methylation patterns at promoters of mesenchymal genes after TGF-β2 stimulation, suggesting that a true transition to a mesenchymal phenotype driven by epigenetic changes at the level of DNA methylation is a rare event under these conditions. We also did not observe a hypermethylation of RASAL1, which was shown to be induced after long-term treatment of ECs with TGF-β1 for 12 days28. Instead, we found a reversible methylation pattern at several regulatory elements, but the potential functional implications of those methylation events need to be studied in more detail.

What is the physiological or pathophysiological relevance of this transient EndMA? The partial EndMA may contribute to new blood vessel growth, by promoting a pro-migratory and pro-invasive state. Indeed, EndMA cells show signatures of genes associated with extracellular matrix organization, migration and proliferation, and the inhibition of TGF-β signaling reduced expansion of endothelial cells. Reports of the literature also support such a model, as it has been demonstrated that inhibition of EndMT driving transcription factors such as Snail or Slug prevents EC migration and in vitro angiogenesis29 and clonally expanded ECs showed a high expression of EndMT marker genes20. On the other hand, even the partial induction of EndMA may have detrimental effects. Although, our studies suggest that the direct contribution of EndMA to cardiac fibrosis by transition of ECs to cardiac fibroblasts is limited, we cannot exclude that cells undergoing EndMA may secrete extracellular matrix and inflammatory proteins, which affect the wound healing response and may thereby indirectly contribute to fibrosis. A transient mesenchymal activation may also contribute to other pathological states in vascular disease, such as atherosclerosis. As mesenchymal transition is associated with cellular detachment30 one might envision a role in the acute events leading to plaque erosion.

Together, our study demonstrates a transient mesenchymal activation of endothelial cells and may clarify some controversies in the literature. While our RNA single-cell sequencing study clearly confirms the existence of mesenchymal marker expressing cells, and therefore supports the many studies reporting endothelial-mesenchymal transitions31, this process appears reversible and therefore was not found to occur in long-term fate studies using lineage tracing. Future investigations may provide insights as to what extent EndMA (as opposed to EndMT) occurs in other injury or disease conditions and how risk factors affecting the stability of the endothelial epigenome may be able to interfere with the reversibility of the process.

Methods

Animals

All animal experiments were executed in agreement with the animal welfare guidelines and German national laws. All animal experiments and study protocols were authorized by the competent authority (Regierungspräsidium Darmstadt, Hessen, Germany). Mice were held at 23 °C ambient temperature and 60% humidity in 10 h/14 h light/dark cycle. C57BL/6 J Cdh5-CreERT2 mice (obtained from The Jackson Laboratory, MGI:3848982) or C57BL/6 J Col1a2-CreERT2 mice (obtained from The Jackson Laboratory, Stock No. 029235), were bred with mTomato/mGFPfl/fl (mT/mG) mice (obtained from The Jackson Laboratory) to generate Cdh5-ERT2+/-;mT/mG or Col1a2-CreERT2+/-;mT/mG mice. For Cdh5-ERT2+/-;mT/mG, mice were used at an age of 10–12 weeks (n = 6, male mice). Cre expression was induced by daily intraperitoneal injections DxO Nik Collection Licenses key 2 mg/mouse tamoxifen (T5648; Sigma Aldrich) for 1 week in all mice. One week after Hotspot Shield 7.12.0 Crack With Keygen Free injection, left anterior descending (LAD) coronary artery ligation surgery was performed, inducing myocardial infarction (MI) as previously described32. The animals were anesthetized with isoflurane and analgesia was delivered by an intraperitoneal injection of Buprenorphin (0.1 mg/kg body weight (BW)) in combination with a block of the intercostal nerves by using Bupivacaine (1 mg/kg BW, 0.25% Bupivacaine). For postoperative analgesia, Buprenorphin and Caprofen (5 mg/kg BW) were given every 12 or 24 h for 3 days. Postoperative infection was prevented by giving Ampicillin (100 mg/kg BW) via drinking water. Under mechanical ventilation, the MI was induced by permanent ligation of the left anterior descending coronary artery. Echocardiography was performed on day 0 to ensure the induction of a MI using the program VevoLab (Visualsonics). After days 1, 3, 7, 14, or 28 post MI, hearts were harvested for single-cell RNA sequencing. For Col1a2-ERT2+/-;mT/mG, LAD surgery was performed and tamoxifen was injected from 3–7 days post infarction. Hearts were collected 28 days after infarction. For immunofluorescence stainings, we used wildtype BL6 C57BL/6 J animals (without tamoxifen treatment) undergoing the same experimental procedure.

For Galunisertib LY2157299 (A11017, AdooQ) in vivo treatment, we injected tamoxifen in Confettifl/wt-Cdh5-CreERT2 and induced MI 6 days after last treatment20. Formulations were prepared in vehicle buffer containing 0.5% carboxy-methyl cellulose (3333.1, Carl Roth). Suspensions were administered per oral gavage (75 mg/kg) 2 h before, 24 h after MI and then twice a day. Seven days after MI, hearts were harvested, as described above.

Single-cell RNA sequencing

For the first analysis shown in Figs. 1–3, we used a publicly available data set21. For the lineage tracing studies, hearts were digested with Multi Tissue Dissociation Kit 2 (130-110-203, Miltenyi), as described for application of dissociation of adult mouse heart. In brief, after flushing murine hearts with HBSS, hearts were harvested, immediately minced and transferred to an enzyme mix and dissociated using the gentleMACS Dissociator as described in the manufacturer’s protocol. Samples were filtered through a MACS SmartStrainer (70 μm) with 3 mL of PBS with 20% FBS. Samples centrifuged and the resultant supernatant aspirated. The cell pellet was resuspended in PEB buffer and 1× Red Blood Cell Lysis Solution to remove erythrocytes. Following erythrocyte removal, Enzyme A of the Multi Tissue Dissociation Kit 2 was added to PBS in a fresh tube and then combined with the cell pellet. Following this step, cells were resuspended in Dead Cell Removal MicroBeads (130-090-101, Miltenyi). Samples were mixed and incubated following Miltenyi’s protocol instructions. We made the positive selection with a column of type MS (for up to 107 dead cells and up to 2 × 108 total cells). Prior to its use, the column was rinsed with binding buffer. Effluent was collected as the live cell fraction. Cells were counted using Trypan blue and a Neubauer chamber. Cells were then resuspended appropriately for loading on the 10X Genomics Chromium Controller chip. Resulting non-cardiomyocyte cellular suspensions were loaded on a 10X Chromium Controller (10X Genomics) according to manufacturer’s protocol. Murine scRNA-seq libraries were prepared using Chromium Single Cell 3′ v3 Reagent Kit (10X Genomics), according to manufacturer’s protocols. Briefly, the initial step consisted in generating cell partitioning droplets where individual cells were isolated together with gel beads coated with unique primers swiftshader 64 bit 10X cell barcodes, UMI (unique molecular identifiers) and poly(dT) sequences. Reverse transcription reactions were engaged to generate barcoded full-length cDNA followed by the disruption of emulsions using the recovery agent and cDNA clean up with DynaBeads MyOne Silane Beads (37002D, Thermo Fisher Scientific). Bulk cDNA was amplified using a Biometra Thermocycler Professional Basic Gradient with 96-Well Sample Block (98 °C for 3 min; cycled 14×: 98 °C for 15 s, 67 °C for 20 s, and 72 °C for 1 min; 72 °C for 1 min; held at 4 °C). Amplified cDNA product was cleaned with the SPRIselect Reagent Kit (B23318, Beckman Coulter). Indexed sequencing libraries were constructed using the reagents from the Chromium Single Cell 3′ v3 Reagent Kit as follows: fragmentation, end repair and A-tailing; size selection with SPRIselect; adapter ligation; post-ligation cleanup with SPRIselect; sample index PCR and cleanup with SPRI select beads. Library quantification and quality assessment was performed using Bioanalyzer Agilent 2100 using a High Sensitivity DNA chip (5067-4627 Agilent Genomics). Indexed libraries were equimolarly pooled and sequenced by GenomeScan (Leiden, Netherlands).

Single-cell RNA-seq outputs were processed using the CellRanger (10X Genomics) suite versions 3.0.1. For mapping reads from tracing experiments we modified the mm10 (GRCm38.p4, version 1.2.0) reference genome and added sequences of EGFP and tdTomato, obtained from the original vector which had been used to create the mouse line33, as part of a virtual non-existing chromosome. We annotated these sequences in the GTF (gene transfer format) file and rebuild the reference genome by the mkref command implemented in the CellRanger software. We confirmed the specificity by mapping to data obtained from wildtype animals or either tamoxifen injected or non-injected Cdh5-CreERT2.

Raw base count files were demultiplexed and processed by mkfastq implemented in the CellRanger software. Raw reads were then mapped to the customized reference genome by using CellRanger count. Secondary analysis was conducted using the Seurat 2.3.4 package in R34. We filtered the data for cells expressing at least 200 genes, as suggested by the distributer’s tutorial (satijalab.org). In order to avoid analyzing doublets or dead cells, we removed barcodes with a high mitochondrial content (>10% of total UMI) as well as barcodes with abnormal high (upper 5% of all cells) or low (lower 1% of all cells) number of UMI or genes, respectively. The remaining matrix was log-normalized and scaled.

Genes that were detected as variable in each sample, were then used for alignment of subspaces in a canonical correction analysis (CCA) as implemented in Seurat. Number of subspaces were estimated by the “MetageneBicorPlot” function. We aligned 25 subspaces and set the resolution parameter of FindCluster to 0.6. We used t-distributed stochastic neighbor embedding (t-SNE) to visualize cell clusters.

Cell cycle states of each cell were predicted by the algorithm implemented in Seurat35. The cell cycle score was based on mouse orthologous genes to the default human genes.

For building endothelial subsets based on expression of marker genes we filtered cells which express Cdh5 and Pecam1 (UMI > 0). In data from lineage tracing experiments we used a dynamic threshold to separate EGFP positive cells. Based on the density distribution of EGFP normalized UMIs for each sample we calculated a cutoff that separated real GFP expressing cells (population with highest EGFP normalized UMI counts) from false positive based Drive SnapShot License key a local minimum. We successfully validated this method and estimated the number of GFP positive cells for a sample which had not been injected with tamoxifen at almost 0.

Gene ontology enrichment analysis have been performed with Enrichr36 (R package version 1.0.) We used GO_Biological_Process_2018 and GO_Molecular_Function_2018 distributed via the Enrichr webpage and provided from the gene ontology consortium as our reference gene-set libraries. GO terms have been ranked and displayed by their “Combined Score” as implemented in Enrichr, which combines the z-score of the term’s deviation to it’s expected rank and the p-value from Fisher’s exact test and their specificity score as the fraction of genes enriched to the total number of genes in the respective GO term. Gene set enrichment analysis was performed using clusterProfiler (R package version 3.10.1) and gene sets from Molecular Signatures Database (MSigDB, gsea-msigdb.org)

For visualizing possible sub-states of endothelial cells, we applied trajectory analysis to our data, identifying pseudotemporal ordering of cells along the actual time course. We therefore used the Monocle (Version 2.6.4) toolbox and followed the standard pipeline, as described in their tutorial37. In brief, Seurat objects were converted into Monocle using the “importCDS” function and size factors and dispersion were estimated. We then defined genes as expressed, when exceeding a threshold of 0.1 and where at least expressed in 10 cells. We then based our trajectory on differential genes between the individual timepoints, as calculated with “differentialGeneTest”. Cells where then accordingly filtered using “setOrderingFilter”. Pseudotime reduction of dimension was applied with the “DDRTree” method, as implemented in the “reduceDimension” function. Finally, we ordered cells by using “orderCells” and plotted trajectories split by state and timepoint.

Ligand-receptor interaction analysis was performed on transcriptomic profiles25. Briefly, a weighted directed graph with four layers of nodes was built linking source cell types (layer 1), defined by expression of a ligand (layer 2), to target cell types (layer 4) expressing a corresponding receptor (layer 3), after reference to a curated map of ligand-receptor pairs. Source-ligand and receptor target edges were weighted according to expression fold-change in ligands and receptors, respectively. Ligand-receptor edges were further weighted by mouse-specific association scores from the STRING database. Permutation testing (100,000 permutations) of randomized network connections was applied to determine significant source-target network connections following Benjamini–Hochberg multiple-testing correction (adjusted p < 0.01).

Immunohistochemistry

Male C57BL/6 J mice were sacrificed by cervical dislocation on d3 (n = 6) and d14 (n = 5) post LAD surgery. Age-matched non-operated animals (homeostasis) have been sacrificed on the same day (n = 4, respectively). Hearts were flushed with HBSS (14025-050, Gibco) by injection into the Vena cava caudalis, cut in half transversally and washed in HBSS and DPBS (14190-094, Gibco). Tissue was fixed using 4% Paraformaldehyde (1.04005-1000, Merck) 4 °C on an orbital shaker overnight. Hearts were cryopreserved using increasing dilutions of 10%, 20% and 30% sucrose (S0389-1kg, Sigma) and 1% Polyvinylpyrrolidon (PVP, P-5288, Sigma) in PBS and incubated for 24 h at 4 °C on orbital shaker, respectively. Hearts were embedded in embedding moulds (58951, Thermo Scientific), using 15% sucrose, 1% PVP and 8% gelatine (G1890-100G, Sigma). Tissue was frozen at −80 °C overnight and cut in 50 μm sections. Sections were thawed at room temperature for 30 min. Antigen retrival was performed by boiling the sections for 15 min in citrate buffer (pH 6, 0.1 M). Quenching of endogenous peroxidases was performed in 100% Methanol with 1% H2O2 for 40 min. Sections were blocked with 3% BSA (0163.2, Roth), 5% donkey serum (7475, abcam), 20 mM MgCl2, and 0.3% Tween 20 (P1379, Sigma). Primary antibodies were incubated at 4 °C overnight followed by secondary antibody incubation for 1 h at room temperature.

For GFP stainings, we used hearts isolated from Cdh5-CrERT2;mT/mG or Col1a2-CrERT2;mT/mG reporter mice and embedded them in O.C.T medium (4583, Tissue-Tek®). Hearts were cut transversally in 10 μm sections and frozen at −80 °C and stained as described above with adobe acrobat 11 pro dc crack - Crack Key For U antibodies.

For HUVEC stainings, cells were cultured in μ-slide eight-well chambers (80826, Ibidi) coated with 1 μg/mL human fibronectin (F0895, Sigma Aldrich). After treatment, cells were pre-fixed for 2 min by adding equal amounts of 4% PFA to the cultivation medium and subsequently fixed in 2% PFA for 20 min at room temperature. We permeabilized and blocked cells for 1 h in blocking buffer containing 5% donkey serum, 0.3% Triton X-100, 2% BSA. Primary antibodies were incubated overnight in blocking buffer at 4 °C. We incubated secondary antibodies for 1 h on room temperature in dilution buffer, containing 1% BSA, 1% donkey serum, and 0.3% Triton X-100.

For Confettiwt/fl-Cdh5-CreERT2 animals, hearts were fixed by injection of 4% PFA into the Vena cava caudalis and subsequent fixation in 4% PFA overnight at 4 °C. Tissue was embedded in O.C.T medium, cut transversally in 10 μm sections and analyzed without further staining.

Used antibodies are described in the supplement (Supplementary Table 2). Images were taken under a Zeiss LSM780 or Leica SP8 confocal microscope.

Cell culture

The in vitro experiments were performed using human umbilical vein endothelial cells (HUVECs) purchased from Lonza. HUVECs were cultured in endothelial basal medium (CC3121, Lonza) with all recommended supplements (hydrocortisone (CC-4035C, Lonza), ascorbic acid (CC-4116C, Lonza), bovine brain extract (CC-4092C, Lonza), epidermal growth factor (CC-4017, Lonza), 10% fetal bovine serum (FBS) (CC-4101, Lonza) and Gentamicin + Amphotericin-B-1000 (CC-4081C, Lonza)). Cells were incubated at 37 °C and 5% CO2.

Endothelial-to-mesenchymal transition assay

For the induction of endothelial-to-mesenchymal transition (EndMT), HUVECs were cultured either in the normal cell culture medium as described in the section “Cell Culture” (Control), or in a medium without epidermal growth factor and bovine brain extract, supplemented with either 10 ng/mL TGF-β2 (302-B2, R&D System), or 10 ng/mL TGF-β1 (240-B, R&D System) and 10 ng/mL IL-1β (200-01B, Peprotech)38. Nitric oxide synthase was inhibited by 1 mM N-Nitroarginine methyl ester (L-NAME). To reverse EndMT induction, the medium containing the named stimuli or inhibitor was replaced after 3, 7, or 10 days of culture with normal control medium and cultivated for 4 days. Medium and treatment was replenished every second day. After day 1, 2, 3, 7, 10, 11, or 14 RNA was isolated. For cell cycle inhibition assay, we treated the cells with 2.5 μM Vitexicarpin (CFN98172, Chem Faces) or equal amounts of DMSO after TGF-β2 treatment for 4d.

RNA analysis

RNA was isolated using the miRNeasy-kit (217004; Qiagen). Additional DNase I (79254; Qiagen) digestion according to the manufacturer’s protocol was performed. 1 μg of RNA from each sample was reverse-transcribed by MMLV Reverse Transcriptase (N8080018; Life technologies), using random hexamer primers (10 min at 25 °C, 15 min at 42 °C, 5 min at 99 °C) as previously described39. We performed qPCR analysis using Fast SYBR Green Mastermix (4385612, Life Technologies) and the ViiA7- Realtime qPCR System (Life Technologies). Expression levels were normalized to the housekeeping genes RPLP0 and GAPDH and analyzed using the 2−ΔCt method. The sequences of the used primers are listed in the supplement (Supplementary Table 3).

FACS Analysis

For FACS analysis, we used hearts from Cdh5 CreERT2;mT/mG and processed them as described above for single-cell sequencing. Cells were then fixed for 20 min in methanol on ice and blocked in 3% BSA, 5% donkey serum and 0.1% Triton-X100. We incubated cells with primary antibodies (Supplementary Table 2) for 20 min on ice and with secondary antibodies for 30 min on ice. Additionally, FACS was performed on 1 h 1 mM BrdU treated HUVECs, using a BrdU kit (559619,BD Pharmingen). Here, cells were fixed and permeabilized and treated with DNAse to expose BrdU labeled DNA. Cells were stained using anti-BrdU antibody and 7-AAD dye. All reagents supplied by the kit. Analysis was performed on BD LSRFortessa X-20 using FACS Diva software.

Active glycolytic flux

HUVECs were seeded on a fibronectin coated Seahorse XF96 culture plate (Agilent Technologies) at a density of 6 × 104 cells per well in the respective endothelial growth medium. The medium was changed to Krebs Henseleit buffer (111 mM NaCl, 4.7 mM KCl, 1.25 mM CaCl2, 2 mM MgSO4, 1.2 mM Na2HPO4) containing 1 mM sodium pyruvate 1 h prior to the measurement with a XFe 96 extracellular flux analyzer (Agilent, Technologies). Activators and inhibitors were used at the following final concentrations: 10 mM glucose, 1.5 μM oligomycin A, 100 mM 2-deoxy-d-glucose. Each measurement was averaged from three technical replicates of three different biological replicates.

13C Glucose metabolic flux analysis

HUVEC were seeded in 10 cm culture dishes and treated with the respective media. In all, 48 h prior to collection, media were substituted with glucose free media, supplemented with 13 C uniformly labeled glucose (Sigma) in a final concentration of 17 mM. Samples were collected and prepared as previously described40. LC-MS/MS experiments were performed on an Agilent 1290 Infinity UPLC system (Agilent, Waldbronn, Germany) coupled to a QTrap5500 mass spectrometer (Sciex, Darmstadt, Germany), equipped with an ESI TurboIonSpray source. The flow rate was 0.22 mL/min, autosampler temperature was set at 6 °C, and the column compartment was set to 35 °C. Separations were performed on an Asahipak NH2P-40 (250 × 2 mm, 4 μm particle size; Showa Denko, Munich, Germany). The mobile phase was composed of 20 mM ammonium carbonate in H2O/5% acetonitrile (ACN), pH = 10 and ACN. After an initial 3.5 min isocratic elution of 99.9% ACN, the percentage of ACN decreased to 85% at 3.6 min, to 75% at 8.1 min, to 0% at 14 min, back to 99.9% at 34 min. The composition was maintained at 99.9% ACN until the 42 min. The QTrap5500-MS clean master full crack apk - Crack Key For U was operated in triple quadrupole mode wit positive/negative ion switching. Ion spray voltage of 5500/-4500 V were applied, respectively. Curtain gas was set to 30 psi, collision gas to medium, source temperature to 500 °C, ion source gas 1 to 35 psi, ion source gas 2 to 35 psi. Analyst 1.6.2 and MultiQuant 3.0 (both from Sciex, Darmstadt, Germany), were used for data acquisition and analysis, respectively.

DNA methylation

For assessment of DNA methylation, HUVECs were cultured as described above and DNA was isolated using the QIAamp DNA Micro Kit (56304, Qiagen), according to the manufactures protocol.

DNA concentration was quantified using the Qubit dsDNA HS Assay kit (Q32851, Invitrogen). 200–500 ng of DNA was used as input for DNA methylation analysis. The Infinium Human-Methylation EPIC BeadChip (850k) (WG-317, Illumina) was used to determine the DNA methylation status of more than 850.000 CpG sites, respectively following the producer’s guidelines. On-chip quality metrics of all samples were carefully controlled.

Infinium human methylation EPIC array analysis was performed by using RnBeads (vesion 2.2)41 and ADMIRE42. Raw intensities were taken from IDAT files and quality control was performed on all probes and samples. During preprocessing, probes and samples have been filtered for SNP-enrichment and highest impurity using Greedycut (FDR adjusted p < 0.05). The data was normalized using dasen method43. Individual site-based methylation levels were calculated and subsequently used for region-based methylation level assessment (CpG island/promoter/ tails/gene body). Differential methylated regions were determined by comb-p method44 and the combined rank score of RnBeads. For how to install amibroker crack - Free Activators of beta values ADMIRE visualization functions were used.

For regulatory element analysis, 848,254 CpG probes that were retained after EPIC array quality filtering were overlapped with 2.4 million annotated regulatory elements (REMs) of the EpiRegio database45 and analyzed using RnBeads software. CpG methylation was averaged over all CpG probes overlapping a REM. Differentially methylated regulatory elements with a mean methylation difference ≥0.1 between Control and +TGF-β2 (d3) or +TGF-β2 (d3) -TGF-β2 (d7) respectively, and FDR corrected p-values ≤ 0.05 were selected. These significantly differentially methylated REMs were clustered by their DNA methylation pattern using hierarchical clustering.

Statistics and reproducibility

For single-cell RNA Sequencing statistical analysis of differential gene expression was performed with Seurat’s FindMarkers or FindAllMarkers functions by using a bimodal likelihood estimator test suitable for zero-inflated scRNA-seq data46. Data is always shown in p-values corrected for multiple testing (Bonferroni).

For GO-Term enrichment of significantly regulated genes we used enrichR software suite36. We used the combined score to report on enrichment, which combines the term’s deviation to its expected rank and the p-value of Fisher’s exact test.

For qPCR data, ANOVA non-parametric Kruskall–Wallis multiple comparison test with posthoc Dunn´s test was used for comparison of multiple groups or a two-sided Student’s t test with Welch’s correction. A value of p < 0.05 was considered statistically significant.

We used a χ2-test of independence to indicate significant changes in ratios of cell cycle assignment and considered p < 0.01 as significant.

Representative images shown have been chosen from n = 3 independent experiments.

For Confetti;Cdh5-CreERT2 analysis we separated each border zone image (n = 5 per animal) into 6 same size areas and counted the occurrence of colored cells. Areas with clonal expanding cells, which had more than two times the standard deviation of the animal mean of counted RFP, YFP and GFP cells, were compared between the groups. We used Fisher’s exact test for statistical analysis of the data.

Reporting summary

Further information on research design is available in the Nature Research Reporting Summary linked to this article.

Data availability

The single-cell RNAseq datasets generated in this study are available at ArrayExpress (E-MTAB9816 and E-MTAB9817). Bulk-RNA sequencing has been deposited at Sequencing Read Archive (PRJNA679225). RnBeads output files are available (10.6084/m9.figshare.13247210.v1). All other data are included within the article, source Forte Notation FORTE 11 Free Activate, supplementary data or can be made available upon request. Source data are provided with this paper.

Code availability

Codes for R analysis of data presented in this study are available on GitHub (github.com/TLukas1/NatComm_Tombor_et_al_2020).

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Источник: https://www.nature.com/articles/s41467-021-20905-1

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